Presentation on theme: "DDC – PROFESSIONAL TRUCK DRIVER"— Presentation transcript:
1 DDC – PROFESSIONAL TRUCK DRIVER Presented By: Les Nugen
2 Housekeeping Items Should take about 4 ½ hours Breaks as needed Restrooms located?RegistrationRemove registration cards from center of handbookComplete ALL sections NEATLYUnreadable = no credit!
3 Course GoalPresent and review information on how to improve your defensive driving skills – skills that may save your life and help avoid collisions and violations
4 QuestionHow many people do you think were killed in traffic collisions in the U.S. last year?41,300
5 QuestionHow many people do you think are injured in motor vehicle collisions every year?2,200,000
6 QuestionHow much do you think these collisions cost?$181,500,000,000
7 This is almost 113 people killed per day and 6,027 injured at a cost per day of $497,300,000
8 How many truck drivers are killed every year in CMV collisions? Between !!!Trucking has the most occupational related deaths of any industry!
9 Commercial Vehicle Stats CMV were involved in only 3.8% of all motor vehicle collisions, but 8% of all CMV collisions result in death.
10 Collisions Has anyone here been involved in a collision? Was anyone hurt?How much did it cost?The actual costs are usually much more than just physical damage, liability, and cargo
11 AMOUNT OF LOSSOperating Ratio$100$200$300$400$500$600$700$800$900$1,000$2,00099%10,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000100,000200,00098%5,00015,00025,00035,00045,00097%3,3336,66713,33316,66723,33326,66733,33366,66796%2,5007,50012,50017,50022,50095%2,0004,0006,0008,00012,00014,00016,00018,00094%1,6673,3345,0016,6688,33510,00211,66913,33615,00316,67033,34093%1,4292,8584,2875,7107,1458,57410,00311,43212,86114,29028,58092%1,2503,7506,2508,75011,250
12 What is Defensive Driving? Driving to save Lives, Time, and Money in spite of the conditions around you and the actions of others
13 Rule #1 For Today NO COMPLAINING! You cannot control the actions of others – only yourselfWe are here to talk about how to avoid collisions – IN SPITE OF THE ACTIONS OF OTHERSComplaining will not accomplish this goal
14 Assume all other drivers are completely INSANE! Rule #2 For the RoadAssume all other drivers are completely INSANE!
15 What is an Accident?“an unfortunate event resulting from unavoidable causes?To call a vehicle collision an “accident” is not really accurateCollisions are usually avoidable by one or more of the drivers involved.Collisions can be prevented
16 What is a Preventable Collision? “a collision in which the driver failed to do everything reasonable to avoid it”Key word being REASONABLE!
17 Contributing FactorsAll factors or causes of collisions can be put into one of three categories:DriverVehicleConditions
18 What Can You Control? Driver & Vehicle Conditions are outside of your controlE.g. weather, construction, OTHER DRIVERS
19 PreventabilityOver 80% of all collisions can be attributed to driver errorTranslation – over 80% of collisions could be prevented by the person behind the wheel
20 Concentrate on Your Driving You make approximately 180 decisions per minute while drivingDoing other tasks just adds to this totalIf you make the right decision 99% of the time, you are making 108 mistakes per hour!In a ten hour run that is 1080 mistakes!
21 DDC Collision Prevention Formula Recognize the hazardUnderstand the defenseAct correctly, in time
22 How to Anticipate & Recognize Driving Hazards The ‘What If Strategy”
23 Let’s watch a videoIt summarizes the points we have discussed so far, and focuses more on preventability of accidents
24 Session Two: Professional Drivers’ Characteristics
25 Quick ReviewWhat were the three categories that causes of collisions fit into from section one?DriverVehicleConditionsThis session will focus on YOU the driver
26 Characteristics of a Professional Driver CourteousAttentive -“Senses” what others will do…or not doDoes not make risky movesAllows a “safety cushion” around the truckGood judgment & skillsDesire to improve
27 Characteristics of an Unprofessional Driver Tailgates and intimidatesCuts people offChanges lanes unnecessarilyExcessive speedRude, vulgar on CB to other driversThinks the bigger vehicle will win
28 What Should a Pro do to Improve Driving Skills? Keep up-to-date on traffic lawsReview defensive driving skills & techniquesListen to experiences of other drivers, and try to learn from themTry to identify bad unsafe habits and correct them
29 What Type of Knowledge Must You Have? Rules of the road (federal & state)Safe/proper vehicle operationsTransportation paperworkBasic truck mechanicsLoad securementTrip planningCDL requirements
30 What is Foresight?That “sixth sense” that drivers develop through experienceThe ability to anticipate what can happen down the roadTranslation: Knowing when another driver is going to do something stupid and dangerous!
31 Use Your Biggest Advantage CMV drivers sit up much higher than most driversThis allows you to see further down the roadCombine this advantage with proper scanning techniques to detect potential hazards – and be prepared to deal with them
32 Don’t Give Up Your Advantage Following too closely to another truck takes away your sight advantage!When you follow too close you are letting the driver of the truck in front of you drive your truck for you
33 Examples of Good Judgment? Passing when it is safe and legalDriving according to the conditions around youNot taking unnecessary risks
34 What are some driver conditions that may affect driving ability? StressEmotionsAttitudeFatiguePhysical health – sickness, medications, etcVision & hearingMobility
35 Take a Pre-Trip Mental Inventory Ask yourself, how do I feel?Tired? Tense? Sick? Fine?What problems are you aware of that will be part of the trip?Construction zones, rush hour, shipper/receiverTake these factors into consideration during the day
36 Driver Factors are Divided into Two Categories PhysicalMental
37 Causes of Physical & Emotional Stress Work scheduleFamily problemsWork problems – dispatchers, safety directorsRoad/weather conditionsTraffic – other driversVehicle conditions – breakdowns, etc.
38 What Types of Drivers Do You Encounter? Tony Stewart – aggressive, moving in & outGrandpa Simpson – nowhere to go, nothing to do“I don’t want to follow the big truck, but don’t want them behind me either”Guinness world record holder for the shortest following distanceProfessional
39 Stress Reducers Relaxation techniques Allow extra time for unexpected Take a breakIgnore other drivers attitudesLet dangerous drivers get ahead of youBalance work and personal lifeLAUGH IT OFF
40 FatigueCaused by stress, lack of quality sleep, too many hours behind the wheel, changing schedules, etc.Two periods when most collisions occur:Between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m.Between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m.These are your body’s natural down times
41 How to Reduce Fatigue Get quality sleep At least 7 hours per dayBlock out light, noise, etc.Plan sleep time into your tripsAvoid heavy meals before bedtimeGet regular exercise - maintain good health
42 Physical Requirements Vision – 20/40 in both eyesPeripheral vision at least 70 degreesBlood pressure – 140/90 maxHearing – forced whisper at 5 feetNo insulin dependent diabetic conditionNo loss of foot, leg, hand, or arm
44 Session Three Topics The other controllable factor VEHICLE Vehicle inspectionsBlind spotsEffects of freight on handlingStopping distance & following distance
45 Pre-Trip InspectionsConsists of more than – the truck starts, it has fuel, and oil pressure…it shifts into gear and drives.You are a key component in any company maintenance program & safety programThorough Pre-Trips help cut down on breakdowns, collisions, and out of service violations
46 Driver Responsibility Drivers are required under to be satisfied that the vehicle is in safe operating condition before driving the vehicle
47 Most Common Out Of Service Violations BrakesLightsTires
48 In-route Inspections Normal load – every 150 miles or 3 hours Hazmat load- every 100 miles or 2 hoursCheck the following:Oil/waterBrakesTiresCargo(chains, straps, tarps)Yourself
49 While Driving Listen – strange or new noises Smell – unusual odors Feel – changes in handling, vibrationsObserve – gauges, parts (lights, turn signals, cargo securement, etc)
50 Post-TripShould be thorough so that mechanics can be notified of needed repairsShould complete the DVIR every day you are on duty
51 What Type of CMV Do You Drive? Cab-over or ConventionalStraight truck or combinations vehicleSingle or double axleSingle, double, or triple trailersTank, flat, reef, or dry van28, 48, 53, or 57’ trailer length13’ 6”, 14’ trailer height
52 Many PossibilitiesDifferent types of vehicles have different handling capabilities and characteristicsEven different vehicles of the same type will handle differentlyKeep this in mind if changing vehiclesThe same vehicle will handle differently with different loads
53 Truck vs. Car How is driving a big truck different from driving a car? SizeClearanceTurning radiusStopping distanceBlind spots
54 Blind SpotsWhere are your blind spots?FrontBehindSides
55 How Can You Compensate for Blind Spots? Lean and LookAdditional mirrors – fender mount, convex, etc.Proper mirror adjustmentVehicle placement/positioningLane choiceLane positioningChange of speed
56 Judging Vehicle Clearance Road signsMay be inaccurateMay be missingMust be sure you can fitSlow down until safeStop if necessary
57 Right Turns Anticipate the turn Check behind – watch for right turn squeezeUse turn signalGet set up properly – block with rear of trailerTry not to cross into other lanesWatch in mirrors for cars in the way
58 Left Turns Anticipate the turn Use your turn signal at least 100 feet beforeKeep wheels pointed straightWait until safe to proceed - do not assume that traffic will stop once you begin turnIf multiple lanes, get into far right lane – better view of cars beside you
60 Driving Through Curves Entrance/exit ramps are where most rollovers occurCheck your speedometer to KNOW how fast you are goingSlow down BEFORE you enter curveShould not apply brakes while driving through curveShould be slow enough to accelerate through
61 Poor Perception People are poor judges of distance and speed As your trip length gets longer, your speed perception gets worseYou may think you have slowed down enough, but may be going to fast to make turnCHECK YOU SPEEDOMETER to be sure
62 How Many Feet Does it Take You to Stop? It depends:WeightLoadRoad conditionsReaction timeType of vehicleTiresVehicle condition
63 Perception TimeTime it takes for you to see and recognize that the hazard existsEstimated to be 1.75 secondsVaries from person to personFatigue increases the time
64 Reaction Time/Distance Time it takes from when you recognize a hazard to when you get your foot on the brakeAverage reaction time is ¾ of secondReaction distance is calculated by taking the first digit of your speed and adding it to your speedE.g. 20 mph = 22 feet35 mph = 38 feet60 mph = 66 feet
65 Actual Braking Distance Includes air brake lag½ second for air brake lagDistance will be 2/3 of reaction distanceE.g. 20 mph = 15 feet30 mph = 20 feet
66 Stopping DistanceStopping Distance = Perception + Reaction distance + air brake lag distance + actual braking distance
67 Car vs. Truck Stopping Distance AUTO:MPH Perception Reaction Brake Totalfeetto feetto feetTRUCK:feetfeetfeetfeet
68 Do You Have Room to Stop? At 20 mph a car stops 10 feet faster
70 Sad reality of the rear-end crash Who usually is riding in the back of a vehicle?CHILDREN8 children killed every week in truck/car accidents
71 Remember Why We Are Here To learn to avoid collisions in spite of the actions, mistakes, and stupidity of othersIf someone cuts in front of you give them roomDo not force yourself into making a emergency maneuver due to lack of time and space to moveDrive defensively not offensively
72 Remember That Many Factors Affect Stopping Distance Road conditionsIce or snow can more than double stopping dist.Your alertness – slower perception & reaction time increases stopping distanceLoad type/placementLoaded tractors stop faster than emptyBobtailing has special limitations
74 Four Outcomes of a Pass Successful pass Head-on collision Run-off-the-road collisionSideswipe collision
75 What Should You do Before You Pass Determine if it is safeDetermine if it is legalDetermine if it is necessary
76 A Word Of CautionDO NOT let your following distance diminish when scanning before a passYour attention shifts to other areas and you may lose track of the vehicle in front of youCan force yourself into an unsafe maneuver if vehicle in front slows or stops
77 Where Is It Not Legal to Pass No-passing zonesSchool zonesWithin 100 feet of RR crossingWithin 100 feet of intersectionIn tunnels or within 100 feet100 feet before a toll boothConstruction zones
78 Watch VideoLets watch a video that discusses different scenarios involving lane management and ways to avoid a collision
79 Multilane RoadsRequires increased concentration and scanning techniquesWatch ahead, behind, on both sidesEntrance/exit rampsConverging and expanding lane width/numbersIncreased awareness and identification skills
80 Managing Multi-lanesAdjust speed to traffic flow – but not over speed limitAvoid frequent lane changesAvoid tailgatingStay right – this gives you the breakdown lane as an outTry not to get boxed in – leave an out
81 Head-on Collisions Many reasons why a vehicle may be in your lane Loss of controlInattentionFell asleepPassingEmergency maneuver
82 How to Avoid the Head-on Know the five R’sRead the road aheadReduce your speedMove to the Right – never go leftRide off to far right of lane or shoulderDon’t skid out of control- Re-align your vehicle
84 Split-Second Decisions You will be faced with some difficult decisions with little time to reactYou may have to hit a fixed object to avoid the head-on – e.g. guardrail, ditch, etc.If you must hit something – try to hit at an angle (glancing blow)This lowers the force of impactEvery inch is a potential life saver
85 Emergency Stops If you must make an emergency stop Turn on four way flashersPull off as far as possiblePlace warning devices within 10 minutesTurn to page 46 for instructions on placing warning devices on different types of roads
87 Out of Your ControlIn this session, we will discuss the third category of factors – Other ConditionsThese are the factors in the driving environment that are out of your control
88 Uncontrollable Factors Light – too much or too littleWeather – rain, snow, sleet, wind, etc.Road – shape, surface, constructionTraffic – mix, flow, densityOTHER DRIVERS
89 Hazards From These Conditions Reduced or limited visibilityReduced or limited tractionReduced or limited space
90 Responses to HazardsThe way you respond depends on your experience, attitude, and decision-making ability
91 Handling Visibility Problems Sun glare – sun glasses, sun visor, take a breakHeadlight glare – look at the white line on side of road
92 Blinded By the LightWhen you get blinded by headlights, it can take your pupils 4 to 7 seconds to readjust. At 55 mph, you would travel between 360 and 560 feet!
93 See and Be Seen When visibility is reduced – turn on headlights Remember – “parking lights” are made for parking – if you need to turn on any lights go ahead and turn on your headlights
94 Do Not Overdrive Your Lights Properly adjusted headlights only shine about 400 feet on bright. If you are traveling at 55 mph it takes approximately 476 feet to stop.Translation – if you do not see a hazard at night until it is in your headlight path. You will not be able to stop.
95 Reduced or Limited Traction Can be as a result of poor conditionsCan be as a result of poor driving abilitiesCan be a combination of both
96 Reduced Space City/urban traffic Construction zones Curves, alleys, two lane roads, parking lotsTruckstops, docks, etc.
97 Defensive Driving Is Key Tight areas can be frustratingKeep your cool and be patientAlways scan the area and be prepared to react
99 G.O.A.LBefore you start to back upGetOutAndLook
100 Do’s for Backing Do get out and look behind you Do get out and look beside your truckDo look at the surface around you for hole, debris, etc.Do check for proper clearanceWires, overhead doors, fire escapes, etc.Do use a guide when available
101 More Do’s Do try to back from the driver’s side Do try to avoid backing out onto roadwaysDo back slowly
102 Do Not’s for Backing Do not be afraid to stop and take a pull up Do not be afraid to get out and take another lookDo not continue to back if you cannot see your guide
103 Thank You All For Attending Before we leaveMake sure you have turned in the completed registration card
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.