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CHAPTER 11 EXPRESSWAYS. CHAPTER 11 11.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF EXPRESSWAY DRIVING 11.2 ENTERING AN EXPRESSWAY 11.3 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING ON EXPRESSWAYS 11.4.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11 EXPRESSWAYS. CHAPTER 11 11.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF EXPRESSWAY DRIVING 11.2 ENTERING AN EXPRESSWAY 11.3 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING ON EXPRESSWAYS 11.4."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 11 EXPRESSWAYS

2 CHAPTER 11 11.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF EXPRESSWAY DRIVING 11.2 ENTERING AN EXPRESSWAY 11.3 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING ON EXPRESSWAYS 11.4 EXITING EXPRESSWAYS 11.5 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS

3 ADVANTAGES OF EXPRESSWAYS

4 FEWER COLLISIONS BECAUSE: 1. NO CROSS TRAFFIC 2. MEDIAN OR BARRIER

5 FEWER COLLISIONS BECAUSE: SIGNS HELP DRIVERS ANTICIPATE

6 WIDE SHOULDERS WIDE UNDERPASSES FEWER COLLISIONS BECAUSE:

7 NON MOTORIZED VEHICLES NOT ALLOWED

8 TYPES OF INTERCHANGES CLOVERLEAF DIAMOND TRUMPETALL DIRECTIONAL

9 SAFE DRIVING STRATEGIES PREPARING YOURSELF AND YOUR VEHICLE

10 SAFE DRIVING STRATEGIES BUILD EXPERIENCE GRADUALLY

11 SAFE DRIVING STRATEGIES CONCENTRATE ON DRIVING TASK

12 SAFE DRIVING STRATEGIES COOPERATE WITH OTHER DRIVERS

13 ENTERING AN EXPRESSWAY ENTRANCE RAMP ACCELERATION LANE MERGING AREA

14 STEPS FOR ENTERING MAKE SURE CORRECT ENTRANCE

15 LOOK AHEAD FOR A GAP ACCELERATE GRADUALLY DECIDE WHICH GAP

16 SMOOTH LANE CHANGE AT PROPER SPEED! CANCEL SIGNAL AND ADJUST

17 PROBLEMS WHILE ENTERING DRIVER BACKING UP ON ENTRANCE RAMP

18 PROBLEMS WHILE ENTERING SIGNALS AND LIGHTS ON RAMP DESIGNED TO CONTROL THE FLOW OF TRAFFIC ENTERING EXPRESSWAY

19 PROBLEMS WHILE ENTERING RUSH HOUR: LARGE NUMBER OF VEHICLES ENTERING MAKE AN EFFORT TO ENTER WITHOUT STOPPING

20 IF YOU CANNOT ENTER TRAFFIC AND MUST STOP FLASH BRAKE LIGHTS EARLY PULL ONTO SHOULDER AT END OF ACCELERATION LANE WAIT FOR A LARGE SAFE GAP SIGNAL AND ACCELERATE QUICKLY TO JOIN TRAFFIC FLOW

21 MERGING PROBLEMS YOU MAY HAVE TO ACCELERATE OR BRAKE QUICKLY TO FIT INTO A GAP BE PREPARED TO SELECT ANOTHER GAP IF YOUR CLOSES QUICKLY

22 LEFT SIDE ENTRANCE RAMPS SINCE THE LEFT LANE IS USUALLY THE HIGH SPEED LANE, IF ENTERING FROM THE LEFT BE PREPARED FOR FASTER TRAFFIC AND QUICKER LANE CHANGE.

23 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING AN EXPRESSWAYS IDENTIFY: VOLUME OF TRAFFIC SIGNS AND SIGNALS ROADWAY MARKINGS CLOSED AND OPEN ZONES NEVER ALLOW YOURSELF TO BE TRAPPED!

24 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING AN EXPRESSWAYS PREDICT: SUDDEN CHANGES IN SPEED AHEAD DRIVERS CHANGING LANES QUICKLY POINTS OF CONFLICT PARKED VEHICLES ENTERING QUICKLY

25 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING ON EXPRESSWAYS DECIDE: FASTER DRIVING MEANS QUICKER DECISION OPEN ZONES VARY OFTEN OPEN ZONES CLOSE QUICKLY

26 STRATEGIES FOR DRIVING AN EXPRESSWAYS EXECUTE: EXECUTE SMOOTH DECISIONS AVOID SUDDEN MOVES SIGNAL EARLY MAINTAIN SAFE FOLLOWING DISTANCE

27 LANE CHOICE  LARGE VEHICLES AND TRUCKS REQUIRED TO DRIVE IN RIGHT LANES  LET TRAFFIC DICTATE WHICH LANE TO USE  LEFT LANE IS FOR PASSING  CENTER LANE IS FOR CRUISING  RIGHT LANE IS FOR EXITING AND ENTERING

28 SIGNALS, SIGNS, AND ROADWAY MARKINGS  KNOW YOUR DESTINATION  READ SIGNS AND ROADWAY MARKINGS  ALWAYS THINK AHEAD

29 SPEED LIMITS MINIMUM SPEED LIMIT: KEEPS TRAFFIC FROM MOVING TOO SLOWLY COMMON SPEED: THE SPEED USED BY MOST DRIVERS WOLF PACKS: BUNCHES OF VEHICLES MOVING TOGETHER

30 FOLLOWING DISTANCE INCREASE YOUR FOLLOWING DISTANCE TO AT LEAST 4 SECONDS WHEN CONDITIONS ARE LESS THAN IDEAL BEING TAILGATED DRIVING A HEAVY VEHICLE OR PULLING A TRAILER OPERATING A MOTORCYCLE ENTERING OR EXITING

31 FOLLOWING A MOTORCYCLE

32 BAD WEATHER OR ROAD CONDITIONS

33 FOLLOWING LARGE VEHICLE

34 BLIND SPOTS CHECK OFTEN FOR CARS THAT MAY BE PREPARING TO PASS YOU

35 LANE CHANGING CHANGE ONE LANE AT A TIME, SIGNAL EACH ONE CHECK MIRRORS AND BLIND SPOT WHEN CLEAR, ACCELERATE GENTLY AND MOVE CANCEL SIGNAL

36 PASSING A SLOWER VEHICLE USE SIGNALS AND CONSTANTLY CHECK TRAFFIC WHILE CHANGING LANES REMEMBER YOU MUST BE ABLE TO SEE HEADLIGHTS OF VEHICLE IN REAR VIEW MIRROR BEFORE MOVING IN FRONT OF THEM

37 EXITING EXPRESSWAYS DECELERATION LANE LEADS TO EXIT RAMP ADJUST TO RAMP SPEED

38 EXITING PROBLEMS  CROSSING PATHS  RAMP OVERFLOW  SHORT DECELERATION LANE

39 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS HIGHWAY HYPNOSIS: BEING LULLED INTO AN INATTENTIVE OR DROWSY STATE.

40 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS FALL ASLEEP COLLISIONS: SLEEPINESS IS A PREVENTABLE CAUSE OF COLLISIONS

41 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS VELOCITATION: BEING FOOLED BY HOURS OF DRIVING INTO BELEIVING THAT YOUR VEHICLE IS TRAVELING SLOWER THAN IT REALLY IS ESPECIALLY DANGEROUS AROUND EXIT RAMPS

42 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS EXPRESSWAYS THROUGH CITIES: AVOID RUSH HOURS, TRY AND TAKE ALTERNATE OR BYPASS ROUTES

43 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS DISABLED VEHICLE: IF PASSING SLOW AND MOVE TO LEFT TO GIVE VEHICLE ROOM

44 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS DISABLED VEHICLE: IF ITS YOU MAKES SURE YOU HAVE ROOM SIGNAL RIGHT MOVE TO SHOULDER, AS FAR AWAY FROM TRAFFIC AS POSSIBLE GET EVERYONE OUT AND AWAY FROM TRAFFIC TURN ON EMERGENCY FLASHERS CALL FOR HELP IF IT IS SAFE, THEN GET EVERYONE BACK INTO VEHICLE AND LOCK ALL DOORS ASK ANYONE WHO STOPS TO HELP YOU TO GO CALL FOR HELP DO NOT STAND IN EXPRESSWAY OR IN DIRECT TRAFFIC

45 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS CONSTRUCTION: BE AWARE OF CONSTRUCTION AND OBEY POSTED SPEED LIMITS

46 SPECIAL EXPRESSWAY PROBLEMS TOLL BOOTHS BE PREPARED TO STOP HAVE PASSENGER HELP WITH MONEY

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