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Large naphtha storage tank fire at Tomakomai, Japan (part 2) National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Japan Hiroshi Koseki.

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Presentation on theme: "Large naphtha storage tank fire at Tomakomai, Japan (part 2) National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Japan Hiroshi Koseki."— Presentation transcript:

1 Large naphtha storage tank fire at Tomakomai, Japan (part 2) National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Japan Hiroshi Koseki

2 Two fires occurred after the eathquake Crude oil tank September 26, 2003, just after the earthquake Naphtha tank fire September 28, 10 : 49 AM Koseki was asked to help fire-fighting against the second fire, who was in Tokyo. About 5 hours after fire, he was there.

3 Summary of Naphtha tank No tank, floating roof, single roof Storage volume 32,779kl, 26,000kl exist ( Fuel height : about 18 m) Diameter 42.7m Height 24. 4m Built in 1974 as crude oil tank Then changed for storage of naptha

4 naphtha No posibility for boilover because of 71 C for 95 % distilation Similar to gasoline, but lower boiling point Flash point ー20℃ Burning rate is very high ; 5-8 mm / min ( m / hour ) Due to strong wind, it was higher.

5 Distilation curves (Naptha, Crude oil and gasoline) Crude oil Naptha gasoline Volume % Temperature C

6 Burning rate during the fire PeriodBurning rate(m/hr) Ignition - 4 hr hr - 8 hr0.50 These values are very large, normally m/hr for gasoline, kerosene Because naphtha is very light

7 4 :0 5 AM, September 29 Start of large fure fighting gun, 17 hours after start of the fire

8 9:32 AM Sep. 29

9 1:00 AM, September 29

10 Tank Fall down, at 1:23 PM, September

11 2:06 PM, Sep. 29

12 2:07 PM September 29 Strong heat flux damaged fire engine

13 About 6:30 AM September 30

14 Tanks after the fire

15 Oil storagety storage base near Idemitsu Refinary, very little damage by the same earthquake

16 Problems in fire-fightings Not enough extinguish agent, because two fires occurred after the earthquake Commanding system is not good, because so many fire departments came Strong wind, tank height is high, so extinguish agent did not reach inside tank

17 Problems, use of foam extinguih agent Each fire fighter group has different agent Government: synthetic foam Idemitsu: AFFF, Protein Foam National storage base: Protein Foam USA military: AFFF

18 Conclusion To extinguish we need 44 hours, and most fuel was burnt out. Naphtha is so difficult to be extinguished Other problems, strong wind, height of tank is 24 m However, no human damage


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