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Flash Point-Ignition Point

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Presentation on theme: "Flash Point-Ignition Point"— Presentation transcript:

1 Flash Point-Ignition Point
What? At Work Or At Home

2 Everyday We Use Chemicals Whether At Work Or In The Home
Proper Storage & Understanding How Dangerous Chemicals Can Become If Subjected To Heat Is Using Just Using Good Safety Common Sense.

3 Properties of Flammable Liquids
The vapor of a flammable liquid ignites and causes fire or explosion – not the liquid itself. The flammability of a liquid depends on its physical properties: Vapor Pressure Flash Point Limits of Flammability Vapor Density “Flammable liquids include fuels like gasoline and various types of solvents.”

4 Flammable Liquids Vapor Pressure
Vapor pressure is a measure of how fast a liquid evaporates. The higher the vapor pressure the more rapidly the liquid will evaporate. Vapor pressure goes up and down with the temperature of the liquid. Hydraulic Systems uses oil under pressure to harness the usefulness of chemicals. When System are compromised, hazardous conditions can be magnified.

5 What is Flash Point? Flash point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid. The lower the flash point, the easier it is to ignite the material. For example, gasoline has a flash point of -40 degrees C (-40 F) and is more flammable than ethylene glycol (antifreeze) which has a flash point of 111 degrees C (232 F).

6 What Is Ignition Point Ignition point
The minimum temperature at which a substance will continue to burn without additional application of external heat. Also called kindling point.

7 Limits of Flammability
Flammable Liquids Limits of Flammability The limits of flammability is the range that a mixture of air and vapor is flammable. Mixtures can be too lean (not enough vapor) or too rich (too much vapor) to ignite and burn. “An example is an automobile engine. Even though gasoline is very flammable, the car won’t run if the mixture is too rich (too much gasoline vapor) or too lean in the carburetor or fuel injection system.”

8 Flammable Limits Example
Flammable Liquids Flammable Limits Example “This slide shows that acetone will not burn or explode if it is less than 2.5% in the air or more than 12.8% in the air. Acetone is the sweet-smelling chemical used in finger nail polish remover and in many solvents” LEL – “lower explosive limit” UEL – “upper explosive limit”

9 Lower Explosive Limit – LEL
Flammable Liquids Lower Explosive Limit – LEL In most work situations, the “lower explosive limit” (LEL) is the main concern. Vapors from flammable liquids can be found in the workplace, but are often too diluted to catch fire or explode. “ Vapors that exceed the LEL are usually toxic as well, and lower the amount of oxygen. So if the explosion or fire doesn’t harm you, the toxicity or lack of oxygen probably will.” [click on the speaker to hear an explosion.] However, these vapors can quickly go above the LEL in small room or confined space like a tank.

10 Flammable Liquids Vapor Density
“Vapor density” is a measure of how heavy a vapor is compared to air. Vapors with a density greater than 1.0 are heavier than air and can collect near the floor, and “flow” like a liquid. This may create a fire/explosion hazard if the vapor flows to an ignition source. “ An example of vapors heavier than air include propane. A leak from a propane tank will often settle in the lowest part of building or ground.”

11 Boiling Point Definition
Boiling point is the temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas (vapor) at normal atmospheric pressure. A more specific definition of boiling point is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external pressure.

12 Example of Boiling Point
Water freezes at °F. Turns to liquid at above 32° F. Boils & changes to Gas at 212° F. Expands 17,000 times it normal size when heated.

13 Boiling Point MSDS relevance
Knowing the boiling point of a substance is an important consideration for storage. For example, storing a chemical with a boiling point of 50 °C (122 °F) in direct sunlight or next to a boiler could cause the material to completely vaporize and/or result in a fire or explosion. Items with a low boiling point generally have a high vapor pressure. Containers of such material can build up significant pressure even when they are below their boiling point. Likewise, low-boiling materials easily produce large amounts of vapor which can be flammable or even explosive.

14 When Condition Are Just Right Accidents Result
A spectacular example of the consequences of introducing a spark to a flammable limit atmosphere occurred in Newcastle in September of A pipe fitter left an acetylene cylinder inside his vehicle over the weekend. Either the cylinder had a small leak or the valve was not fully closed. The flammable limits for acetylene are extremely broad, 2.5% to 100% in air. Flashpoint is 0° F/-18°C. Boiling point is -119°F/-84°C. When the worker opened the door, an undetermined spark source (the door light switch, light bulb, cellular phone, static etc.) Ignited the mixture with catastrophic results: In the close-up view notice how the roof/door pillars are bent completely sideways. It is amazing that the worker's injuries were confined to his face and ear drums.



17 What Makes Flash & Ignitions Points Dangerous.
The Fire Triangle Any combustible material such as: solid, liquid, or gas. Most solids and liquids must vaporize before they will burn. Sufficient oxygen must be present in the atmosphere surrounding the fuel for fire to burn.

18 Flash & Ignition Points
Sufficient heat energy must be applied to raise the fuel to it’s ignition temperature. Open flame Hot surfaces Sparks and arcs Friction This reaction can occur when all three of the above elements are present in the proper conditions & proportions.

19 Extinguishment Theory
Remove Heat Remove Fuel Reduce Oxygen WILL Inhibit Chemical Chain Reaction

20 Proactive Fire Safety Fire Risk Analysis
How do we identify potential fire risk? The Fire Triangle

21 Proactive Fire Safety Fire Risk Analysis Cont.
Identify the fuel source & eliminate it if possible. Identify the heat source and eliminate it if possible. Terminate behaviors that lead to hazardous conditions & replace with appropriate behaviors conducive to good fire safety. Storing flammable and combustible in appropriate areas. On equipment, in fire cabinets, in work areas.

22 Identifying Fire Hazards In Your Work Area
What chemical are present in your work area? What are there flash points? In stationary equipment areas On mobile equipment At shops What heat source are present? Thermal (heat) Electrical Radiant

23 Do You Know Your Flashpoints?
The following is a list of chemicals used on this site, some of these you may even use at home. Do you know how they are stored? At work? At home? See if you know which chemical is which.

24 Try & Match Flashpoints With The Chemical
247°f/119°c 145°f/78°c 160°f 320°f/160°c 356°f/180°c <-49°f/<-45°c 0°f/-18°c -101°f/-75.9°c None -156°f/-104°c -43.7°f/-42°c 79°f 73°f/23°c 175°f Acetylene Gasoline Diesel Fuel Hydraulic 40-wt oil Propane Butane Citrol CRC Contact Cleaner Form Oil Averoe Tree Paint Ethylene Glycol (Antifreeze) Carburetor Cleaner CRC Power lube

25 Did You Choose Right 247°f/119°c------Antifreeze/Eythlene glycol

26 Answer 160°f------Diesel Fuel-IP 500°f 320°f/160°c-----Form Oil
356°f/180°c wt Hydraulic Oil <-49°f/<-45°c----Unleaded Gasoline

27 Answer 0°f/-18°c----Acetylene Gas-BP -119°f
-101°f/-75.9°c-°Butane, AutoIP 778°f None------

28 Answer -156°f/-104°c--Propane-Auto IP 842°f -43.7°f/-42°c----
79°f—Carburetor Cleaner-BP 110°F

29 Answer 73°f/23°c 175°f----

30 In Conclusion Any situation that can lead to a fire underground is not good. Let’s all do our part to make sure our work areas are accident free & fire safe. Created By Pat Gazewood

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