Presentation on theme: "Gospel, Blues , Country and Folk"— Presentation transcript:
1Gospel, Blues , Country and Folk Chapter Six:Gospel, Blues , Country and Folk
2Gospel Music Definition A family of religious music styles : there is white and black gospel music. Black gospel music has had the more profound influence on popular music.Created by Thomas Dorsey and others around 1930’s.Influenced Rhythm and Blues, since early 1950’s
3Gospel MusicThrough the decades gospel music remained virtually unknown outside the black community it gained wider audience after world war II gospel songs included traditional hymns such as :“Amazing grace”“precious Lord”“ How I got over”
4Gospel MusicGospel came by its blues times naturally, Black gospel blends white protestant hymnody , the black spiritual and more fervent religious music which is blues.Life is bad at times, gospel is strictly good news .This music lifted to muck and mire of property out of muck and mire of proverty and loneliness of being broke and gave them hope anyway
5John Lomax Collected cowboy songs in 1910. Thanks to his efforts the American Folk Song archive was created in 1928.Signed a contract with a company to record folk ballads in 1932.Recorded with Huddie Leadbetter ( Lead Belly)
6Lead Belly Was known by the black community as a songster. Songster: An entertainer that plays many different kinds of music.He performed different types of music including blues, ballads, folk songs and children songs.
7Most Famous Songs of Lead Belly: Goodnight Irene-LeadbellySkip to my louBelly performed both songs without any trace of his blues style or his husky voice. Guitar is simple and straight forward.He assumed a different musical persona when singing “white songs”.“Goodnight Irene” became a hit song for “The Weavers”, an american folk song quartet, for the pop singer Jo Stafford and for the country singer Ernest Tubb.Blues and country appeared on recordings targeted at marginalized audiences.Jo Stafford-Goodnight Irene
8Gospel Music Ray Charles Scandalized the black church community by giving the gospel hymn “Jesus is all the world to me” new words and a new beat to create a song called “I got a woman”.Ray Charles explored many genres such as:JazzBig BandHis song “I got a woman” was number one in the R&B billboard listsHe has influenced many artists until this day.Ray Charles- I got a Woman
9Thomas Dorsey Considered the father of black gospel music. Blues pianist known professionally as Georgia TomHe acknowledged blues on gospel music.Dorsey Acknowleged the blues on gospel music also gave gospel its name first gospel hit “if you see my savior” another hit “tell him that you saw me” written in 1926.
10Gospel MusicGospel harmony: as it developed during the thirities and forties and forties gospel took its harmonic language from the nineteeth-century European hymns and colored it with blues harmony.Deep African influence in Gospel and Folk music.Griot: is the healer the witch doctor the tribe historian the preserves its history in his songs, the griot in African history in his songs.The Griot in African culture has been the blues man. Like the griot, he tells stories through songs ands earns admiration and respect for his abilities.Amazing Grace-blue grass gospel version
11Country and Folk MusicCountry and folk music: Before there was country music and folk there was folk music from the country.Some types of folk music came from the british isles: England, Scotland ,Wales and Ireland.Blind Lemon Jefferson: The black Snake moan was the blind Jefferson first recordings 1927Country blues : We hear no pop no jazz just a man with his guitar
12Hokum and BluesIt's tight like thatPopular between the two world wars, Hokum songs were a different side of blues up beat salacious good humored, and light hearted.One of the most famous hokum blues song is “ Its tight like that” 1928 recording by Georgia Tom guitarists Tampa red.Lyrics from “its tight like that” introduce the Hormonic form of the song is 12 bar blues but lyrics replace the conventional rhymed couplet with the verse / chorus scheme.
13Boogie woogieIs a blues piano style that chases the blues away it is typically exuberant even boisterous loud and strong.Its creator was the pianist who performed in noisy working class bars and clubs variously called juke joints, barrel houses honky tonks.To be heard over the crowd pianists created a power full two handed style in which they played active left hand pattern in lower part of the instrument. and repeated riffs on the upper part.It flourished in the 1930s and 40s and spread beyond the black neigorborhoods in main stream America.
14Folk Music1936 :The hit “Roll em, Pete” Featuring joe turner and pianist Pete Johnson one of the kings of boogie -woogie piano .“ Roll em pete” is a straight forward blues form.Music, usually of simple character and anonymous authorship, handed down among the common people by oral tradition.Folk music of white southern people became Country Music.Roll em peteBoogie Woogie Bugle Man
15Ralph Peer and Hillbilly Music Ralph Peer was arguably the most influential man in country music during his first three decades .He set up the first race record recording sessions on which were produced with Mamie Smith along with Hillbilly music he had recordedThe term Hillbilly had been in used since the term of the century to identified white southerners music.But its musical association dates from 1925 recording sessions with Al Hopkins
16First country music hits were recorded by Vernon Dalhart first two hits: “Prisoners” and wreck of the old 97They dealt with common themes in country music and where melodically traditionalThe Carter family is one of the most influential groups in the history of country music.
17Traditional country: vocal sound flat, nasal, and without much inflection Thumb-brush style: plays the melody in the lower strings and between melody, notes brush the chords on the upper string.Consisted of Alvin Pleasant A.P. Carter , his wife Sarah and his sister in law Maybelle. .Developed one of the most widely imitated guitar styles in the history of countryCarter Family Guitar Style
18Jimmie RodgersJimmie Rodgers had a brief but extraordinary influential carrier it was estimated the perhaps 75% of modern country music performers were directly or indirectly influence to become entertainers through hearing Rodgers in person of through his recordings.Among the artists that Rodgers influenced we have:Muddy Waters, Chester Burnett and others.
19Bob Wills: Putted the swing in country music. Western Swing:Western swing is ballroom dance music with a Western flair, played primarily on stringed instruments. However, horns were and are used in many Western-swing bands.Other characteristics are an emphasis on a heavy rhythm sound for dancing, and the aforementioned improvisation.Bob Wills: Putted the swing in country music.Bob Wills-Sittin' on top of the world
20Bill Monroe:A singer at Mandolin player .Is known as the father of bluegrass.He was responsible not only for the sound but the name Monroe Bluegrass music.Descends directly from the early string bands.
21Broadside: is a typical text swing to well known tune Electric Steel Guitar:An acoustic guitar with a metal resonator built into the body, often played with a slide and producing a twangy, variable tone.Country Rock :Identifiable "rock" creation that used at least one element of standard country instrumentation. Either pedal steel or fiddle, kept the arrangement largely acoustic except for bass, and utilized country like , Appalachian-style harmonies.
22Important Dates:1925-Start of broadcastingWSM became radio home of Grand Ole Opry radio record let to opportunities to perform live.Records help spread the sound of old time music beyond the south
23Key NotesSongsterCountry BluesGriotHokumBoogie-WoogieGospelFolk MusicCountry MusicTraditional Country VocalSound-thumb-brush styleWestern swingElectric Steel GuitarCountry Rock beatBroadsideBluegrass