Presentation on theme: "“The Journey from Rhythm & Blues to Rock & Roll.” Claude Cailliet Mike Jacobs."— Presentation transcript:
“The Journey from Rhythm & Blues to Rock & Roll.” Claude Cailliet Mike Jacobs
Q: What is R & B? (A: Rhythm & Blues) How did we get there? What happened/evolved to cause R & B to transform into Rock and Roll? What is Rock and Roll? Rockabilly? Why is this an important period in American history? Or American culture? Why is this an important Music? THE JOURNEY FROM R & B TO ROCK AND ROLL
String Band Blues (Delta) Minstrel Show Cakewalk Ragtime Vocal Spiritual Blues Minstrel Show Brass Band Parade Music Military Music Blues Ragtime Piano Classical (“Lite”) Ragtime JAZZ Transition to JAZZ / ca. 1900
JAZZ Blues City Urban Chicago Vocal Blues Gospel Swing Crooning Brass Early Jazz Combo Big Band (Swing) Piano Stride Style Boogie-Woogie Swing JAZZ branching out: (1920s – 1940s)
Country American Southern folk Appalachian folk Old Time/Hillbilly/Cowboy Folk Pre-20 th Century European/American origin Appalachian Traditional Topical Protest Singer/Songwriter Western Swing Bluegrass Honky Tonk *Acoustic Instruments* Transition of Folk and Country Styles (mid-1800s through mid-1900s) Transition of Folk and Country Styles (mid-1800s through mid-1900s)
Al Jolson & “Gus”
Rhythm & Blues Evolving out of jump blues in the late '40s, R&B laid the groundwork for rock & roll. R&B kept the tempo and the drive of jump blues, but its instrumentation was sparer and the emphasis was on the song, not improvisation. It was blues chord changes played with an insistent (heavy) backbeat. Eventually, R&B transformed into soul, which was funkier and looser than the back-beat rhythms of R&B. Soul came to describe a number of R&B-based music styles.
Blues City Urban Chicago Vocal Blues Gospel Swing Crooning Brass Early Jazz Combo Big Band (Swing) Piano Stride Style Boogie-Woogie Swing Style / Tonality Form (12-bar) + Blue-notes Shouting (“gritty” vocals) Melisma Lyrics Groove Swing + Boogie Woogie Up-Tempo Early R & B Jump Blues Jump Swing Jump Boogie Jump Shuffle Doo Wop Popular Styles leading to R & B (1930s – 1940s) Popular Styles leading to R & B (1930s – 1940s)
Great Migration: by decade 1880s 70, s 168, s 170, s 450, s 750, s 350, s1,600, s1,500, s1,400,000
Dave Brubeck Quartet
R & BCountry Rock and Roll What is Rock and Roll?
Rhythm & Blues Blues Form Jump Boogie Up-Tempo Back-Beat Small Combo Dynamic Vocals Doo Wop A-A-B-A Form 12/8 Groove Slower Tempo Acapella (accompanied) Crooning - Falsetto Lyrics – Novelty Country/Folk Strophic Form Straight-up Groove Two-Beat Plaintive Vocals Duple-Meter 3-Part Harmony High Lonesome Sound Storytelling Rock and Roll R & B + Country/Folk Attributes leading to Rock and Roll
Rock and Roll The blending of: R & B and Folk/Country attributes + Focus on Amplified Guitar Even More Energy “Catchy” Melody Rockabilly Early form of Rock and Roll that retained more Country influence Performed by Southern “white” musicians “Twangy” Electric Guitar “Slap-Back” Bass Production style (Sun Records) Echo (vocals) – Reverb (mix)
Rock and Roll Innovators R & B Side Chuck Berry Little Richard Bo Diddley Big Joe Turner Fats Domino Country Side Bill Haley Elvis Presley Jerry Lee Lewis Carl Perkins Buddy Holly Roy Orbison Everly Bros Eddie Cochran Gene Vincent
“Father of Rock and Roll” ?
Jerry Lee Lewis – Ferriday, Louisiana Elvis Presley – Tupelo, Mississippi Buddy Holly - Lubbock, Texas