Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4: North America/Black America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 4: North America/Black America Music from AfricaWork Songs & Field HollersSpiritualsRagtimeBluesJazzGospel
2 Work Songs & Field Hollers Work Song = accompanies work and makes time pass more pleasantly; usually multiple singers; regular pulse/beat that goes with work. (ex.: “Rosie”)Field Holler = sung by solo worker; free or flexible rhythm; no accompaniment; one of the ancestors to the blues. (ex.: sung by Baby Doo Caston)
3 Ho Boys, Cancha Line ‘Em Chain-gang Work Song Strophic (repetitive) Primary motor rhythm is strong and straight (work), syncopation makes the melody lift and rise above the work.Call-and-response between song leader and group - with direct repetition of sung line by the group.
4 Ho Boys, Cancha Line ‘Em Ho, boys, is you right? Intro:Ho, boys, is you right?I done got right (repeat)Verse 1:If I could I surely wouldStand on that rock where Moses stood (response)Chorus:Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?See Eloise go linin' rail.
5 Verse 2:July the red bug, July the flyIf August ain’t a hot month, I sure hope to die (response)Chorus:Ho boys, well they can’t waitHo boys, well they ain't timeSee Eloise go linin' rail.
6 Verse 3:I got a woman on Jennielee SquareIf you wanna die easy, let me catch you there (response)Chorus:Ho boys, cancha line ‘em?See Eloise go linin' rail.go linin' rail.
7 Selected Characteristics of African-American Music Blue NotesBlues ScaleMotor RhythmSyncopation (define this)SwingImprovisation
14 The Blues Originated in the Deep South Mississippi Delta Blues (Charley Patton, Robert Johnson)Active throughout South, slightly different in each region.A Feeling (“I’ve got the blues, but that’s ok”)A Form (12-bar blues, Quatrain-Refrain)Influenced Jazz, Rock n’Roll, and Country
15 Strophic ? same music repeated, different words. Ex. 1: Verse, Chorus, Verse, Chorus, Verse, Chorus, etc.(most songs heard on radio today)Ex. 2: Succession of “verses” or “choruses”(Hymns, Ballad Songs, and the 12-bar Blues form)
16 Blues FormCombined the spiritual, field holler & work song, and the 3-line ballad (as sung by songsters).3-Line Vocal Stanza (or “strophe”):2nd Line repeats 1st, 3rd line rhymes with above.Example:I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.And let that 5:15 train pacify my mind.
17 Diagram of Blues Form (12-bar Blues) Line 1 (4 measures) Line 2 (4 measures) Line 3 (4 measures)Voice Fill Voice Fill Voice FillI (2) I (2) IV (2) I (2) V (2) I (2)Tonic Subdominant Tonic Dominant TonicLine 1 (4 measures)I (2) - I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.I (2) - instrumental fillLine 2 (4 measures)IV (2) - I’m gonna lay down my head on some lonesome railroad line.Line 3 (4 measures)V (2) - And let that 5:15 train pacify my mind.
18 Examples from Textbook Lazy Bill LucasPoor Boy Blues (CD II: 2) Bar BluesShe Got Me Walkin’ (CD II: 3) Bar & Quatrain-Refrain (stop-time) FormOtis RushAin’t Enough Comin’ In (CD II:8) Bar Blues with Bridge
19 How do these compare? “I Need $100” (II:4) “Kokomo Blues” (II:5) From Dark Till Dawn” (II:6)“You Don’t Love Me” (II:7)
20 Discussion Points Do the blues help you -- personally? Is some blues music better than others?Do you get bored with some blues music?Does marketing diminish the blues?
21 Spirituals African-American songs, usually with a religious text. Originally monophonic and a cappella, these songs are antecedents of the blues.Spirituals were primarily expressions of religious faith, sung by slaves on southern plantations.Examples: Swing Low, Sweet Chariot; Were You There; Woke Up This Morning; Follow the Drinking Gourd; Go Tell it on the Mountain
22 Assignment 4Compose the lyrics for at least 2 stanzas (strophes) of a 12-Bar Blues. This should result in six total lines of text. The proper rhyme scheme for the ends of the lines should be used (as shown in text examples).