Presentation on theme: "Deans Community High School Music Department"— Presentation transcript:
1 Deans Community High School Music Department Listeningpopular music
2 List as many different styles of popular music as you can … For your Intermediate 2 exam you have to be able to recognise different styles of popular music …Many of these styles you will have heard of before … but you may not have heard any examples of music in those stylesThe SQA go back more than 100 years when they talk about popular music and most of the styles they expect you to recognise come from the yearsList as many different styles of popular music as you can …
3 Ragtime Blues Jazz Dixieland Boogie-Woogie Swing Rock Pop Country Soul popular musicRagtimeBluesJazzDixielandBoogie-WoogieSwingRockPopCountrySoulLatin AmericanSamba / Salsa
4 ragtimepopular musicRagtime music developed in the southern states of the USA in the late 1890sIt is a mixture of European music (the march) and Afro-American music (syncopated melodies)Ragtime music was written down (not improvised) and played on the pianoThe most important and well-known composer of ragtime music was Scott Joplin ( )Scott Joplin
5 ragtime popular music Features of Ragtime music piano music ‘on the beat’ left hand accompanimentmarch-like (‘oom pah’)syncopated melody in right handregular 16 bar melodies (4 bars X 4)extractsScott Joplin: Maple Leaf RagScott Joplin: The EntertainerScott Joplin: Bethena
6 ragtime popular music Example of ‘on beat’ LH Example of ‘syncopated’ RH
7 bluespopular musicThe blues was a type of folk music that grew out of a mixture of African and European musicIt first developed in the southern states, (the slave states) of the USAThe blues told of the feelings, fears and hopes of the singerOriginally the blues was performed by one singer usually accompanied by guitar or banjoSome of the notes of the scale were ‘bent’ (sung below pitch) and this gives the blues its special flavour
8 blues popular music Features of Blues music use of the ‘blues’ scale 3rd and 7th of the scale sung ‘flat’‘12 bar blues’ structureimprovisedslide guitarextracts??
9 blues popular music Example of blues scale 12 bar blues chord pattern blue noteblue note12 bar blues chord patternIIVV
10 jazzpopular musicJazz developed in the first two decades of the 1900s in New OrleansLike Ragtime and Blues it was a mixture of African and European musicMany different types of music probably influenced how jazz developed … including:Ragtime/BluesMarchesHymns/SpiritualsWork songsMinstrel show musicEarly jazz was not written down, it was ‘improvised’Jazz bands often used instruments left over from the marching bands of the civil war
11 jazz popular music Features of Jazz use of the ‘blues’ scale 3rd and 7th of the scale sung ‘flat’‘12 bar blues’ structureimprovisationextracts??
12 dixieland popular music Dixieland Jazz or Traditional Jazz was the first type of JazzDixieland Jazz groups were small - around 6 playerscornet, clarinet, banjo/piano, trombone, string bass, drumsmost of the early jazz musicians were not formally trainedthe jazz was improvised - relying on the skill of the performersoften used ‘12 bar blues’ formoften each player had a chance to improvise on the main tune
13 dixieland popular music Some important early dixie players were: Jelly Roll MortonLouis ArmstrongJoe King OliverBix Beiderbecke
14 dixieland popular music Features of Dixieland Jazz use of the ‘blues’ scale‘12 bar blues’ structureequal emphasis on all 4 beatsimprovisationsmall group of playersextracts??
15 boogie-woogie popular music Boogie-Woogie was a style of jazz that was nearly always played by solo pianoIt had a strong, driving, ‘ostinato’ type bass pattern in the left handThe right hand improvised using a blues scaleBoogie-woogie usually used the 12 bar blues formA Boogie-Woogie Bassline
16 boogie-woogie popular music Features of Boogie-woogie usually for solo pianostrong, ‘driving’ left hand riffsimprovised melodies in right hand‘12 bar blues’ structureimprovisationextractsMeade Lux Lewis: Honky Tonk Train BluesJimmy Blythe: Chicago StompJools Holland: Let the Boogie Woogie Roll
17 swingpopular musicDuring the 1920s jazz bands gradually became larger with 10 or more playersThese larger groups needed more organising than the original smaller groupsMusic began to be written down to avoid the clashes that would happen if all the players improvised togetherA typical swing band might consist of:Brass: 3 trumpets, 3 trombonesReeds: clarinet, 2 alto/2 tenor saxesRhythm: piano, guitar, bass, drums
18 swingpopular musicThe brass and the reeds would often alternate - one section having the tune the other providing the accompaniment - then they would swap overThe instruments in each group often played together in chords (harmony) giving a smooth, mellow soundIndividual instruments might improviseArrangers were beginning to use ‘added’ chords to give their harmonies a ‘richer’ feel - ‘added 6th’ chords, 7th chordsMelodies became more complex, going beyond the simple ‘blues’ scale and using all the notes of the chromatic scale
19 swing popular music Features of Swing large ensemble: brass, reeds, rhythminstruments used in ‘close’ harmonyrich, smooth, mellow sound‘12 bar blues’ structuremainly written out, notateduse of ‘added 6ths’ and 7th chordsextracts??
20 rockpopular musicRock music is a form of pop music which usually has a strong driving beat.It was developed in America in the 1960s and combines elements of folk, blues, rock’n’roll and pop music.Lyrics were still aimed at a youth audience but were sometimes more complex talking about political issues.Some early musicians who played rock music are listed below along with the style that influenced them:Bob Dylan; folk music & bluesThe Beach Boys; rock’n’roll and pop musicThe Rolling Stones; rock’n’rollThe Beatles; pop
21 rock popular music Feature of Rock Music form of ‘pop’ music with a driving beatchange from acoustic to electric soundsoften included vocal harmoniessimple time, often 4/4ExtractsBob Dylan: Masters of WarThe Beach Boys: Fun, Fun, FunThe Rolling Stones: Come OnThe Beatles: A Hard Days Night
22 rock ‘n’ roll popular music Rock’n’Roll developed in America in the late 1940s combining elements of blues, boogie-woogie and jazz.It was also a mixture of African and European music but was mainly aimed at a white American audience.In early Rock’n’Roll a saxophone was often the lead instrument but this was later replaced by the electric guitar.A Rock’n’Roll group would usually include:Electric Guitars: 1 lead, 1 rhythmBass GuitarDrumkitKeyboard: sometimes
23 rock ‘n’ roll popular music Features of Rock’n’Roll move from acoustic to electric instrumentsemphasis on 2nd & 4th beatsstrong, driving basslineuse of ‘12 bar blues’ structurelyrics aimed at youth audienceextractsFats Domino: The Fat ManElvis Presley: That’s All Right (Mama)Bill Hayley: Rock Around the Clock
24 poppopular musicPop music developed in America in the late 1940s and 1950s from a variety of other styles including ‘big band’ and ‘swing’ music and refers to popular music of the day.Frank Sinatra was an artist who crossed over between big band and pop music.Pop music was sold to a wide audience but was aimed at a youth audience. This was reflected in many of the lyrics.Today the term pop music covers a range of different styles such as:RockHip HopDanceR&BCountry
25 pop popular music Features of pop music refers to popular music of the daysmoother vocal soundlyrics aimed at youth audiencesimple time, usually 4/4ExtractsFrank Sinatra: I get a kick out of youThe Everley Brothers: All I have to doCliff Richard: Summer Holiday
26 countrypopular musicOn this page some background info about the style ….HistoryFamous namesInstrumentsetc
27 countrypopular musicThis page will list some of the concepts associated with this styleWill introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style
28 soulpopular musicOn this page some background info about the style ….HistoryFamous namesInstrumentsetc
29 soulpopular musicThis page will list some of the concepts associated with this styleWill introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style
30 latin american popular music On this page some background info about the style ….HistoryFamous namesInstrumentsetc
31 latin american popular music This page will list some of the concepts associated with this styleWill introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style
32 salsa / samba popular music On this page some background info about the style ….HistoryFamous namesInstrumentsetc
33 salsa / samba popular music This page will list some of the concepts associated with this styleWill introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style
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