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Listening Deans Community High School Music Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Listening Deans Community High School Music Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Listening Deans Community High School Music Department

2 popular music For your Intermediate 2 exam you have to be able to recognise different styles of popular music … Many of these styles you will have heard of before … but you may not have heard any examples of music in those styles The SQA go back more than 100 years when they talk about popular music and most of the styles they expect you to recognise come from the years List as many different styles of popular music as you can …

3 popular music Ragtime Blues Jazz Dixieland Boogie-Woogie Swing Rock Pop Country Soul Latin American Samba / Salsa

4 popular music ragtime Scott Joplin Ragtime music developed in the southern states of the USA in the late 1890s It is a mixture of European music (the march) and Afro-American music (syncopated melodies) Ragtime music was written down (not improvised) and played on the piano The most important and well-known composer of ragtime music was Scott Joplin ( )

5 popular music ragtime Features of Ragtime music piano music ‘on the beat’ left hand accompaniment march-like (‘oom pah’) syncopated melody in right hand regular 16 bar melodies (4 bars X 4) extracts Scott Joplin: Maple Leaf Rag Scott Joplin: The Entertainer Scott Joplin: Bethena

6 popular music ragtime Example of ‘on beat’ LH Example of ‘syncopated’ RH

7 popular music blues The blues was a type of folk music that grew out of a mixture of African and European music It first developed in the southern states, (the slave states) of the USA The blues told of the feelings, fears and hopes of the singer Originally the blues was performed by one singer usually accompanied by guitar or banjo Some of the notes of the scale were ‘bent’ (sung below pitch) and this gives the blues its special flavour

8 popular music blues Features of Blues music use of the ‘blues’ scale 3rd and 7th of the scale sung ‘flat’ ‘12 bar blues’ structure improvised slide guitar extracts ??

9 popular music blues Example of blues scale IIII IV II V II 12 bar blues chord pattern blue note

10 popular music jazz Jazz developed in the first two decades of the 1900s in New Orleans Like Ragtime and Blues it was a mixture of African and European music Many different types of music probably influenced how jazz developed … including: Ragtime/Blues Marches Hymns/Spirituals Work songs Minstrel show music Early jazz was not written down, it was ‘improvised’ Jazz bands often used instruments left over from the marching bands of the civil war

11 popular music jazz Features of Jazz use of the ‘blues’ scale 3rd and 7th of the scale sung ‘flat’ ‘12 bar blues’ structure improvisation extracts ??

12 popular music dixieland Dixieland Jazz or Traditional Jazz was the first type of Jazz Dixieland Jazz groups were small - around 6 players cornet, clarinet, banjo/piano, trombone, string bass, drums most of the early jazz musicians were not formally trained the jazz was improvised - relying on the skill of the performers often used ‘12 bar blues’ form often each player had a chance to improvise on the main tune

13 popular music dixieland Some important early dixie players were: Jelly Roll Morton Louis Armstrong Joe King Oliver Bix Beiderbecke

14 popular music dixieland Features of Dixieland Jazz use of the ‘blues’ scale ‘12 bar blues’ structure equal emphasis on all 4 beats improvisation small group of players extracts ??

15 popular music boogie-woogie Boogie-Woogie was a style of jazz that was nearly always played by solo piano It had a strong, driving, ‘ostinato’ type bass pattern in the left hand The right hand improvised using a blues scale Boogie-woogie usually used the 12 bar blues form A Boogie-Woogie Bassline

16 popular music boogie-woogie Features of Boogie-woogie usually for solo piano strong, ‘driving’ left hand riffs improvised melodies in right hand ‘12 bar blues’ structure improvisation extracts Meade Lux Lewis: Honky Tonk Train Blues Jimmy Blythe: Chicago Stomp Jools Holland: Let the Boogie Woogie Roll

17 popular music swing During the 1920s jazz bands gradually became larger with 10 or more players These larger groups needed more organising than the original smaller groups Music began to be written down to avoid the clashes that would happen if all the players improvised together A typical swing band might consist of: Brass: 3 trumpets, 3 trombones Reeds: clarinet, 2 alto/2 tenor saxes Rhythm: piano, guitar, bass, drums

18 popular music swing The brass and the reeds would often alternate - one section having the tune the other providing the accompaniment - then they would swap over The instruments in each group often played together in chords (harmony) giving a smooth, mellow sound Individual instruments might improvise Arrangers were beginning to use ‘added’ chords to give their harmonies a ‘richer’ feel - ‘added 6th’ chords, 7th chords Melodies became more complex, going beyond the simple ‘blues’ scale and using all the notes of the chromatic scale

19 popular music swing Features of Swing large ensemble: brass, reeds, rhythm instruments used in ‘close’ harmony rich, smooth, mellow sound ‘12 bar blues’ structure mainly written out, notated use of ‘added 6ths’ and 7th chords extracts ??

20 popular music rock Rock music is a form of pop music which usually has a strong driving beat. It was developed in America in the 1960s and combines elements of folk, blues, rock’n’roll and pop music. Lyrics were still aimed at a youth audience but were sometimes more complex talking about political issues. Some early musicians who played rock music are listed below along with the style that influenced them: Bob Dylan; folk music & blues The Beach Boys; rock’n’roll and pop music The Rolling Stones; rock’n’roll The Beatles; pop

21 popular music rock Feature of Rock Music form of ‘pop’ music with a driving beat change from acoustic to electric sounds often included vocal harmonies simple time, often 4/4 Extracts Bob Dylan: Masters of War The Beach Boys: Fun, Fun, Fun The Rolling Stones: Come On The Beatles: A Hard Days Night

22 popular music rock ‘n’ roll Rock’n’Roll developed in America in the late 1940s combining elements of blues, boogie-woogie and jazz. It was also a mixture of African and European music but was mainly aimed at a white American audience. In early Rock’n’Roll a saxophone was often the lead instrument but this was later replaced by the electric guitar. A Rock’n’Roll group would usually include: Electric Guitars: 1 lead, 1 rhythm Bass Guitar Drumkit Keyboard: sometimes

23 popular music rock ‘n’ roll Features of Rock’n’Roll move from acoustic to electric instruments emphasis on 2nd & 4th beats strong, driving bassline use of ‘12 bar blues’ structure lyrics aimed at youth audience extracts Fats Domino: The Fat Man Elvis Presley: That’s All Right (Mama) Bill Hayley: Rock Around the Clock

24 popular music pop Pop music developed in America in the late 1940s and 1950s from a variety of other styles including ‘big band’ and ‘swing’ music and refers to popular music of the day. Frank Sinatra was an artist who crossed over between big band and pop music. Pop music was sold to a wide audience but was aimed at a youth audience. This was reflected in many of the lyrics. Today the term pop music covers a range of different styles such as: Rock Hip Hop Dance R&B Country

25 popular music pop Features of pop music refers to popular music of the day smoother vocal sound lyrics aimed at youth audience simple time, usually 4/4 Extracts Frank Sinatra: I get a kick out of you The Everley Brothers: All I have to do Cliff Richard: Summer Holiday

26 popular music country On this page some background info about the style …. History Famous names Instruments etc

27 popular music country This page will list some of the concepts associated with this style Will introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style

28 popular music soul On this page some background info about the style …. History Famous names Instruments etc

29 popular music soul This page will list some of the concepts associated with this style Will introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style

30 popular music latin american On this page some background info about the style …. History Famous names Instruments etc

31 popular music latin american This page will list some of the concepts associated with this style Will introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style

32 popular music salsa / samba On this page some background info about the style …. History Famous names Instruments etc

33 popular music salsa / samba This page will list some of the concepts associated with this style Will introduce the musical extracts used to exemplify the musical style


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