20 “There is evidence that readers’ elaborations of knowledge and experiences that are not integrally related to text information can disrupt the process of comprehension rather than enhance it.” Strang, R. (1967). Exploration of the reading process. Reading Research Quarterly, 2, 33–45. and Trabasso, T. & Suh, S. (1993). Understanding text: Achieving explanatory coherence through on-line inferences and mental operations in working memory. Discourse Processes, 16, 3– 34.
27 “Teacher-led questioning can be a powerful vehicle in moving text interactions toward higher levels of thinking and critical literacy.” Stahl, K. A. D. (2004). Proof, practice and promise: Comprehension strategy instruction in the primary grades. Reading Teacher, 57, 601.
36 “Constructing meaning from the linguistic text content is a major feature of what prepares one for becoming a successful reader.” Beck, I.L. & McKeown, M.G, (2001). Inviting students into the pursuit of meaning. Educational Psychology Review, 13 (3), 225-241.