8Who is responsible for which portion of the Standards? A single K–5 section lists standards for reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language across the curriculum, reflecting the fact that most or all of the instruction students in these grades receive comes from one teacher. Grades 6–12 are covered in two content area–specific sections, the first for the English Language Arts teacher and the second for teachers of history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Each section uses the same CCR anchor standards but also includes grade-specific standards tuned to the literacy requirements of the particular discipline(s).
9I amIf someone ask you who is responsible for teaching the strands: All Teachers.
10What is Common Core?These standards define the knowledge and skills students should have within their K-12 education careers so that they will graduate high school able to succeed in entry-level, credit-bearing academic college courses and in workforce training programs. The standards:* Are aligned with college and work expectations;* Are clear, understandable and consistent; * Include rigorous content and application of knowledge through high-order skills; * Build upon strengths and lessons of current state standards; * Are informed by other top performing countries, so that all students are prepared to succeed in our global economy and society; and * Are evidence-based.
11CCSSThere are only two sets of Common Core State Standards: one for Mathematics and one for English Language Arts and Literacy in the Content Areas. Note that in the elementary grades, the same set of standards apply to English Language Arts and the Content Areas, whereas at the secondary level, a separate set of standards specific to the Content Areas are included. “The state-led effort to create standards that will prepare students for college and the workplace was coordinated by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers. It resulted in TWO sets of grade-specific standards: The English Language Arts and Literacy standards are divided into an elementary section and a secondary section, with three Appendices. You’ll notice that at the 6-12 level, Literacy in the Content Areas is a separate section with separate standards for the Content Areas.”
13ELA Common Core Standards Framework The major areas or disciplines of study within each content area.StrandsDomainsStandard Statements by Grade LevelStandards Statements by Grade Level“What” students should know and be able to do at each grade level and band.The main focus of the content within each strand.
14Grade Specific Standards DomainK−12 standardsSubheadingsFound in each of the strandsK−12 standardsThe group of standards located under each of the domainsClusterGrade Specific StandardsK−12 standardsGrade-specific end-of-year expectationsDevelopmentally appropriate, cumulative progression of skills and understandingsOne-to-one correspondence with CCR standards
18Speaking and Listening RANSTDSReadingWritingSpeaking and ListeningLanguage
19These strands serve to unite all literacy components within English Language Arts.
20Each strand is represented in each grade level and builds on itself as the child goes through school, increasing in complexity towards the goal of college and career readiness.
21A comprehensive K–5 section with four strands Reading strand (includes Foundational Skills)Writing strandSpeaking and Listening strandLanguage strandTwo content area-specific sections for grades 6-12 with four strands• ELAReading strand• History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
22CCSS: The Big Picture Common Core State Standards K-12 Mathematics K-12 ELA/LiteracyK-56-12English Language ArtsHistory/ Social StudiesScience & Technical SubjectsAppendices A, B, C
23with their corresponding This view shows eachof the four strandswith their correspondingdomains.
24Strands Across Each Grade Level ReadingWritingSpeaking & ListeningLanguage
25Graphic Representation StrandDomainsReadingKey Ideas and DetailsCraft and StructureIntegration of Knowledge and IdeasRange of Reading & Level of Text Complexity
27Speaking and Listening The DomainsEnglish Language ArtsCommon Core StandardsReading StrandDomains (4)Writing StrandSpeaking and ListeningDomains (2)Language StrandDomains (3)
28English Language Arts Common Core Standards Reading StrandKey Ideas and DetailsCraft and StructureIntegration of Knowledgeand IdeasRange of Reading and Level of Text ComplexityWriting StrandText Types and PurposesProduction and Distributionof WritingResearch to Build KnowledgeRange of WritingSpeaking and Listening StrandComprehension and CollaborationPresentation of KnowledgeLanguage StrandConventions ofStandard EnglishKnowledge of LanguageVocabulary Acquisition and UseReading Strand
29Reading Strand Reading: Foundational Skills Reading: Literature Key Ideas and DetailsStandard Statement 1Standard Statement 2Standard Statement 3Craft and StructureStandard Statement 4Standard Statement 5Standard Statement 6Integration of Knowledgeand IdeasStandard Statement 7Standard Statement 8Standard Statement 9Range of Reading andLevel of Text ComplexityStandard Statement 10Reading: Informational TextStandard Statement 1Reading: Foundational SkillsPrint ConceptsPhonological AwarenessPhonics and WordRecognitionFluency(Sub-Strand)(Sub-Strand)(Sub-Strand)
30Writing Strand Text Types Production Research to Build and and PurposesStandard Statement 1Standard Statement 2Standard Statement 3Standard Statement 4Standard Statement 5Standard Statement 6Standard Statement 7Standard Statement 8Standard Statement 9Standard Statement 10Productionand Distributionof WritingResearch to Build andPresent KnowledgeRangeofWriting
31Speaking and Listening Strand Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Comprehensionand CollaborationStandard Statement 1Standard Statement 2Standard Statement 3Presentation of Knowledge and IdeasStandard Statement 4Standard Statement 5Standard Statement 6
32Conventions of Standard English Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Language StrandConventions of Standard EnglishStandard Statement 1Standard Statement 2Knowledge of LanguageStandard Statement 3Vocabulary Acquisition and UseStandard Statement 4Standard Statement 5Standard Statement 6(K-5)
33Strands Standard Statements Sub-StrandsStandard Statements
34As we already know The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) divides English Language Arts into four strands K-12: Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening and Language.
35There are 32 CCR anchor standards There are 32 CCR anchor standards. This is what students should be able to do by the end of Grade 12, so they should be the “anchor” for what happens from PK to graduation. They are broken up as follows:
36Anchor StandardsThe College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards define the broad expectations across the contents and grade levels students must meet to be prepared for college and/or the work place. There are ten anchor standards in Reading; ten in Writing; six in Speaking and Listening; and, six in Language that are consistent across the grades and content areas.
37Each strand has a set of College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards (CCR)
38A CCR anchor standard is a skill that high school graduates should have in order to be ready for entry into the world of work or postsecondary education. An anchor standard is an answer to the question, “What should a 21st century diploma holder be able to do? Whether you teach kindergarten or 12th grade, an anchor standard is the target. The anchor standards are the fundamental skills that we want students to have when they graduate from our public schools. They are rigorous. They are also aligned with what colleges and workplaces expect students to be able to do.
3910 Reading CCR Anchor Standards 10 Writing CCR Anchor Standards Key Ideas and Details (R.CCR.1, R.CCR.2, R.CCR.3)Craft and Structure (R.CCR.4, R.CCR.5, R.CCR.6)Integration of Knowledge and Ideas (R.CCR.7, R.CCR.8, R.CCR.9)Range and Level of Text Complexity (R.CCR.10)10 Writing CCR Anchor StandardsText Types and Purposes (W.CCR.1, W.CCR.2, W.CCR.3)Production and Distribution of Writing (W.CCR.4, W.CCR.5, W.CCR.6)Research to Build and Present Knowledge (W.CCR.7, W.CCR.8, W.CCR.9)Range of Writing (W.CCR.10)
406 Speaking and CCR Listening Anchor Standards Comprehension and Collaboration (SL.CCR.1, SL.CCR.2, SL.CCR.3)Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas (SL.CCR.4, SL. CCR.5, SL.CCR.6)6 Language CCR Anchor StandardsConventions of Standard English (L.CCR.1, L.CCR.2)Knowledge of Language (L.CCR.3)Vocabulary Acquisition and Use (L.CCR.4, L.CCR.5, L.CCR.6)
41In Reading Informational Text the standards at each grade level are the same. They describe what students need to know and be able to do at each grade level in order to reach the College and Career Readiness level by the end of 12th grade.
42K-5 6-12 K-5 ELA & History/SS Science & Tech CCR READING Key Ideas & DetailsCraft & StructureIntegration of Knowledge & IdeasRange of Reading & Level of Text Complexity 10.K-5 ELA & History/SS Science & Tech6-12 ELA6-12 History/SS6-12 Science & Technical SubjectK-56-12
43Key Features of the Standards Reading: Text complexity and the growth of comprehensionThe Reading standards place equal emphasis on the sophistication of what students read and the skill with which they read. The standards increase in complexity from grade to grade. Whatever they are reading, students will show the ability to discern more from and make fuller use of text, including making an increasing number of connections among ideas and between texts, considering a wider range of textual evidence, and becoming more sensitive to inconsistencies, ambiguities, and poor reasoning in texts.
44A three-part model for determining the difficulty of a particular text
45Appendices A, B, and CAppendix A contains supplementary material on reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language as well as a glossary of key terms. Appendix B consists of text exemplars illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of reading appropriate for various grade levels with accompanying sample performance tasks. Appendix C includes annotated samples demonstrating at least adequate performance in student writing at various grade levels.
46The CCSS has a specific Coding System for each strand The CCSS has a specific Coding System for each strand. Knowing this coding will be helpful when you are aligning your lesson plans to the new standards.RL = Reading for LiteratureRI = Reading for InformationRF = Reading FoundationsW = WritingSL = Speaking and ListeningL = LanguageCodingSystem
48CCSS Coding W.4.3 Writing, Grade 4, Standard 3 RF.2.4 Reading Foundations, Grade 2, Standard 4L.10.3aLanguage, Grade 10, Standard 3aNote that there are sub-standard statements for Language (3a). This is also the case for Writing as well
49Examples of What the Standards Require Emphasize speaking and listening skills as an avenue to evaluate, integrate and present information from many sources.Call for increased use of technology/multi-media to gather and publish information.
50Common Core State Standards Note!!!Common Core State Standardsdo not provide…A complete scope and sequenceA course outlineAll essential skills and knowledgestudents could haveDoes not cover how teachers should teach