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 starter activity On 17 July 1975, the US and Soviet spaceships linked up. Read about the events on p.137-8. How significant was this event in the history.

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Presentation on theme: " starter activity On 17 July 1975, the US and Soviet spaceships linked up. Read about the events on p.137-8. How significant was this event in the history."— Presentation transcript:

1  starter activity On 17 July 1975, the US and Soviet spaceships linked up. Read about the events on p How significant was this event in the history of Cold War?

2 What factors pushed the superpowers towards Détente? To define keywords: Détente, Ostpolitik & Realpolitik To identify & evaluate 4 causes of Détente  Aims

3 Significance of Apollo-Soyuz Previous attempts at sharing technology failed, e.g. Baruch Plan (1946) & ‘Open Skies’ (1955) Previous attempts at sharing technology failed, e.g. Baruch Plan (1946) & ‘Open Skies’ (1955) 5 years in the planning 5 years in the planning Astronauts conducted experiments together & shared accommodation Astronauts conducted experiments together & shared accommodation Received messages from Ford & Brezhnev Received messages from Ford & Brezhnev Televised worldwide Televised worldwide President Ford & Soviet Leader Brezhnev

4  Your task Read p and complete the table your teacher provides. Read p and complete the table your teacher provides.

5  Your task On your chart in highlight in different colours evidence to suggest that political or economic considerations led to Détente. On your chart in highlight in different colours evidence to suggest that political or economic considerations led to Détente. Read about Henry Kissinger on p Read about Henry Kissinger on p Provide 3 pieces of evidence that Nixon & Kissinger were key players in Détente. Provide 3 pieces of evidence that Nixon & Kissinger were key players in Détente. Nixon & Kissinger

6 Kissinger & Nixon encouraged improved relations with Chinese -– ‘Ping Pong’ diplomacy Kissinger & Nixon encouraged improved relations with Chinese -– ‘Ping Pong’ diplomacy Nixon & Kissinger both Republicans with anti- Communist reputations– brought right-wing support for Détente Nixon & Kissinger both Republicans with anti- Communist reputations– brought right-wing support for Détente Both practical politicians– used realpolitik to establish better relations with USSR & China Both practical politicians– used realpolitik to establish better relations with USSR & China

7  Your task Study the documents in Sewell, ‘The Cold War’ p and complete Qs 1-5 Study the documents in Sewell, ‘The Cold War’ p and complete Qs 1-5

8 Détente sources Q1: Gromyko speaks about the need to ‘curb the arms race’, reduce expenditure, e.g. affordable aid for ‘national liberation’ movements Q1: Gromyko speaks about the need to ‘curb the arms race’, reduce expenditure, e.g. affordable aid for ‘national liberation’ movements Q2: Zhikov speaks about the threat to other Eastern Bloc countries if the Soviets are too soft on countries like Czechoslovakia Q2: Zhikov speaks about the threat to other Eastern Bloc countries if the Soviets are too soft on countries like Czechoslovakia Q3 USSR remained committed to aiding ‘national liberation movements’, i.e. countries like Cuba which had overthrown non- Communist regimes but also saw the need for improved relations with West, e.g. welcoming Brandt’s Ostpolitik approaches Q3 USSR remained committed to aiding ‘national liberation movements’, i.e. countries like Cuba which had overthrown non- Communist regimes but also saw the need for improved relations with West, e.g. welcoming Brandt’s Ostpolitik approaches Q4: USA aware of the game China was playing by pursuing ‘rapprochement’; Nixon viewed Détente as a geopolitical manoeuvre, whilst those on far right wished to see conflict with supporters of Communism Q4: USA aware of the game China was playing by pursuing ‘rapprochement’; Nixon viewed Détente as a geopolitical manoeuvre, whilst those on far right wished to see conflict with supporters of Communism Q5: evidence to support selfishness, e.g. Nixon’s comments on Détente, Soviet concerns over stability in Eastern Europe, evidence against, e.g. Gromyko speak about need for constructive diplomacy, need to ‘loosen up frontiers’ e.g. Berlin Wall Q5: evidence to support selfishness, e.g. Nixon’s comments on Détente, Soviet concerns over stability in Eastern Europe, evidence against, e.g. Gromyko speak about need for constructive diplomacy, need to ‘loosen up frontiers’ e.g. Berlin Wall

9 Plenary Plenary Explain the meaning of these terms: Détente, Ostpolitik & Realpolitik Explain the meaning of these terms: Détente, Ostpolitik & Realpolitik What was so significant about the Apollo-Soyuz link-up? What was so significant about the Apollo-Soyuz link-up? Give 4 major causes of Détente Give 4 major causes of Détente What evidence is there that Détente was prompted by essentially selfish motives? What evidence is there that Détente was prompted by essentially selfish motives?

10  Extension reading John Lewis Gaddis, ‘The Cold War’ p take notes on Kissinger’s reasons for pursuing Détente John Lewis Gaddis, ‘The Cold War’ p take notes on Kissinger’s reasons for pursuing Détente Jeremy Isaacs, ‘Cold War’, p take notes on Brandt’s contribution to Ostpolitik. Jeremy Isaacs, ‘Cold War’, p take notes on Brandt’s contribution to Ostpolitik.

11  Homework Produce a factoid on the part played by Kissinger in promoting Détente. include sections on his early political career, his role in developing Détente with the USSR, rapprochement with China and securing end to war in Vietnam Produce a factoid on the part played by Kissinger in promoting Détente. include sections on his early political career, his role in developing Détente with the USSR, rapprochement with China and securing end to war in Vietnam


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