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 starter activity In October 1949, Mao Zedong declared the People’s Republic of China was established. Read about Mao’s life and highlight all the factors.

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Presentation on theme: " starter activity In October 1949, Mao Zedong declared the People’s Republic of China was established. Read about Mao’s life and highlight all the factors."— Presentation transcript:

1  starter activity In October 1949, Mao Zedong declared the People’s Republic of China was established. Read about Mao’s life and highlight all the factors that would have increased US hostility towards China.  Extension: Things the US would have liked?

2 Why did Cold War extend to the Far East? To identify the reasons why Cold War spread to the Far East ( ) To explain the significance of NSC-68 To explain how the USA & China became involved in Korea (1950-3)  LOs

3 Why did the US become increasingly involved in the Far East? Read p and bullet point your ideas. You are going to take more details down later, so you should aim to summarise each section in no more than 10 words.

4  Your task Read p.35-9 and complete the table your teacher provides. Which factor was the most important? Read p.35-9 and complete the table your teacher provides. Which factor was the most important? Arrange the cards your teacher gives into the same categories. Arrange the cards your teacher gives into the same categories.  Which factor was the most important in explaining why the US became involved in the Far East  Which factor was the most important in explaining why the US became involved in the Far East

5  Extension task Produce a factoid on Senator Joe McCarthy. Include these headings: earlier career, reasons for being so suspicious of communism, famous suspects Produce a factoid on Senator Joe McCarthy. Include these headings: earlier career, reasons for being so suspicious of communism, famous suspects

6 The original, now ‘declassified’ document In 1950 the National Security Council in the US produced a document for President Truman outlining how Americans could deal with the new threat posed by Communism world wide. Before you read this document complete the following task ….

7  Cold War role play Divide the class into two. Side A are ‘warmongers’. How are you going to respond to the threat posed by Communist expansion around the world? Side B are conciliators. What steps would you take to avoid increasing tensions between East and West? Create an action plan for the US in the 1950s according to your view point. Divide the class into two. Side A are ‘warmongers’. How are you going to respond to the threat posed by Communist expansion around the world? Side B are conciliators. What steps would you take to avoid increasing tensions between East and West? Create an action plan for the US in the 1950s according to your view point.

8  Your task Read p.40 and take notes on these areas: Read p.40 and take notes on these areas: Aims of the USSR according to NSC-68 Aims of the USSR according to NSC-68 Reasons why US needs to change its policy towards the threat of communism Reasons why US needs to change its policy towards the threat of communism Evidence from the report of a hardening of US attitudes Evidence from the report of a hardening of US attitudes  Extension. Read p.41 and explain how Truman’s approach to the growth of Communism did change  Extension. Read p.41 and explain how Truman’s approach to the growth of Communism did change

9 Aims of USSR ‘Impose its absolute authority over the rest of the world’ ‘Impose its absolute authority over the rest of the world’ Development of new weapons on mass destruction Development of new weapons on mass destruction

10 Reasons for policy review Need to … Improve defences against threat of all-out nuclear war Improve defences against threat of all-out nuclear war Reassure general public Reassure general public Provide rapid US military response Provide rapid US military response Respond to threat of espionage & internal sabotage Respond to threat of espionage & internal sabotage Protect US economic interests Protect US economic interests Strengthen foreign anti-Soviet allies Strengthen foreign anti-Soviet allies Undermine links between USSR and satellite states Undermine links between USSR and satellite states Raise public awareness of threat of Communism Raise public awareness of threat of Communism

11 Evidence of hardening of relations World politics interpreted in ‘bi polar’ terms World politics interpreted in ‘bi polar’ terms Increased military spending Increased military spending Use of alarmism to promote fear of spread of Communism abroad or at home, e.g. ‘McCarthyism’ Use of alarmism to promote fear of spread of Communism abroad or at home, e.g. ‘McCarthyism’ Move from containment to ‘roll back’ actively undermining ‘relationships between Moscow and satellite countries’ Move from containment to ‘roll back’ actively undermining ‘relationships between Moscow and satellite countries’ Widening terms of Truman doctrine to enlist support of foreign countries with US security Widening terms of Truman doctrine to enlist support of foreign countries with US security

12  Your task Study the events of the Korean War. Sequence the maps your teacher gives you and briefly explain what occurred at each stage of the conflict. Study the events of the Korean War. Sequence the maps your teacher gives you and briefly explain what occurred at each stage of the conflict.

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14 General Douglas MacArthur ( )

15 Border between North and South Korea. Can you work out which is which?

16 The conference table at Panmunjon where the two sides formally signed a peace treaty. The table is positioned so it lies precisely between North and South Korea.

17  Your task Lokk at your notes again and list the reasons why the US & China became involved in Korean War. Lokk at your notes again and list the reasons why the US & China became involved in Korean War. Note the reasons why the Korean War was a such a key confrontation in the early Cold War. Note the reasons why the Korean War was a such a key confrontation in the early Cold War.

18 US involvement Response to recommendations of NSC-68 and growing fear of communist expansionism Response to recommendations of NSC-68 and growing fear of communist expansionism Growing need for US military support – swift advance of North Korean troops into South Korea Growing need for US military support – swift advance of North Korean troops into South Korea Aggressive military policy of General MacArthur Aggressive military policy of General MacArthur Truman’s new policy of ‘rolling back’ Communism Truman’s new policy of ‘rolling back’ Communism

19 Chinese involvement Failure of Soviet aid Failure of Soviet aid Success of UN and US military support for South Korean Army Success of UN and US military support for South Korean Army Threat of nuclear attack Threat of nuclear attack Support for fellow Communist state Support for fellow Communist state Fear of Western style government on borders of new Chinese Republic Fear of Western style government on borders of new Chinese Republic

20 Importance of Korea Threat of use of nuclear weapons Threat of use of nuclear weapons Extended theatre of Cold War to Far East Extended theatre of Cold War to Far East Involved USA, USSR & China Involved USA, USSR & China Test of Truman’s new approach of ‘rolling back’ Test of Truman’s new approach of ‘rolling back’ 1 st open conflict between two ideologies and 1 st major international conflict since WWII 1 st open conflict between two ideologies and 1 st major international conflict since WWII 6 million US conscripts – foretaste of Vietnam 6 million US conscripts – foretaste of Vietnam Showed how UN could be manipulated Showed how UN could be manipulated

21 Plenary Plenary Why were the US both in favour and suspicious of Chairman Mao’s China? Why were the US both in favour and suspicious of Chairman Mao’s China? What influence did NSC-68 have upon US foreign policy? What influence did NSC-68 have upon US foreign policy? Why was Korea a turning point in the Cold War? Why was Korea a turning point in the Cold War?

22  Extension Research the role of Ernest Bevin and Vyacheslav Molotov in the events of the Cold War. Include notes on their positions and the influence they had on their leaders. Research the role of Ernest Bevin and Vyacheslav Molotov in the events of the Cold War. Include notes on their positions and the influence they had on their leaders.


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