Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Cardiac Emergencies and CPR. Cardiovascular disease-#1 killer Coronary Heart (artery) disease *when the arteries that supply blood to the heart."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 7 Cardiac Emergencies and CPR
Cardiovascular disease-#1 killer Coronary Heart (artery) disease *when the arteries that supply blood to the heart harden and become narrow.
Signs and Symptoms of a heart attack. Chest pain-crushing sensation Pressure in chest Constant pain or discomfort Pain spread to shoulder, arm, neck, jaw, stomach or back Trouble breathing Pale, gray or ashen skin color Dizzy and lightheaded Nausea or vomiting
When to call 911 Pain or discomfort lasts for more than 3-5 minutes. Pain comes and goes for 3-5 minutes. Shows symptoms of heart attack.
Care given Call 911 Have person rest Loosen tight clothing Monitor person Ask if they have heart disease, taking any medications or has this happened before. Be calm and reassuring Be prepared to perform CPR/use AED.
When to offer aspirin Ask the following questions: Are you allergic to aspirin? Do you have stomach ulcers or stomach disease? Are you taking blood thinners (Coumadin)? Have you ever been told to avoid aspirin? ANSWER IS NO to ALL QUESTIONS- GIVE IT 1 TABLET(325 MG) or 2 baby aspirins (81mg).
Cardiac arrest When the heart stops beating properly. Breathing stops Unconscious No heart beat
Cardiac Chain of Survival 1. Early recognition and early access to EMS 2. Early CPR 3. Early defibrillation 4. Early advanced medical care. Each minute of delay=10% decrease in chance of survival
CPR for adults 1. Check the scene 2. Check the victim-are you ok? Shoulder tap 3. Call 911-Get the AED 4. Head tilt-chin lift 5. Look, listen and feel-10 seconds 6. Scan for bleeding (quickly) 7. Not breathing-begin chest compressions compressions-at least 100 per minute 2 inches deep 9. Give 2 rescue breaths 10. Continue until????
UNTIL????? AED is available They start breathing You are too tired to continue Scene becomes unsafe Another trained person takes over
Compressions Kneel beside person Put hand in middle of breastbone Interlock fingers Fully extend your arms Press down on chest using bodyweight to push chest down Pivot at the waist Make compressions smooth and rhythmic
CPR for child Infant 1. Check the scene 2. Check the victim-are you ok?(ask permission)Shoulder tapFoot flick 3. Call 911-Get the AED 4. Head tilt-chin lift 5. Look, listen and feel-10 seconds 6. Give two rescue breaths over infants mouth and nose 7. Scan for bleeding (quickly) 8. No breathing begin chest compressions compressions-at least 100 per minute about 2 inches 2 finger compressions- 1 ½ inch at least 100 compressions 10. Give 2 rescue breaths 11. Continue until????
Compressions for child
Compressions for Infant Find nipple line and place one finger on it and 2 fingers next to it. Lift up nipple line finger and use 2 fingers for compressions. Hold head with other hand so airway is open.
Hands only compressions If you are unable to give rescue breaths (for any reason) call 911 and then give continuous chest compressions UNTIL……. EMS arrives You notice signs of life Scene becomes unsafe Too tired to continue