4 Signs of choking Coughing forcefully Clutching throat Making high pitch noisesBluish skin colorTrouble breathingShortness/gasping of breathPanic/fear
5 Conscious choking techniques Check sceneCheck victim Are you ok?Call 911Say who you are, level of training, what care you would like to give and ask for permission to help. IF THEY SAY YES-Put arm across their chest and have them lean forward-perform 5 back blows
6 If object does not come out Find the navel, put hand above navel and put other hand over it-perform 5 abdominal thrusts.Continue performing back blows and abdominal thrusts until: object comes out, person goes unconscious, person can cough forcefully or breathe, YOU are too tired to continue, or EMS arrives.
7 Exceptions-give chest thrusts instead (Place fist in center of breastbone) 1. Person is pregnant2. Can’t get yourHands around person(obese)
8 If you are alone and choking Try to perform abdominal thrusts on yourself by usingyour handsA chairA counterA edge of sink
9 Conscious choking techniques for child Same as adult except: ask permission from adult/guardian-IF YESGo on knees so you are on the same level as the child-perform back blows & abdominal thrusts
10 Choking techniques for infant You MUST support the head and neck when performing both skills. Must support BODY of Infant on your leg.
11 Placement for chest thrusts-2-3 fingers below nipple line
12 CAUSES of Airway obstruction Object in airwayElectrocutionShockDrowningIllnessAsthma or emphysemaAllergyOverdose on drugsContact with toxic substances
13 Respiratory distress-(Most common breathing emergency)difficulty with breathing Sign and symptoms-gasping, shallow or deep breaths, wheezing, gurgling, high pitched sounds, pale or blue skin,dizzy/ lightheaded and pain in chest.
14 Asthma Narrow the air passage and makes breathing difficult. Very serious for children ages death can occur.Causes-allergies to: food, pollen,drugs,bites or physical activity.What are the signs and symptoms?Treatment-Medications
16 Emphysema-Lungs and alveoli lose ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Bronchitis-inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles due to a build up of mucus.
17 Anaphylactic shock-severe allergic reaction What things are people allergic to?
18 Signs and symptoms of respiratory distress in children AgitationSlow or fast breathingDrowsinessNoisy breathingPale, ashen or blue skinIncrease in heart and breathing ratesDifficulty breathing
19 Hyperventilation -breathing faster than normal Cause-fear, head injury, bleeding, high fever, heart failure, lung disease, asthma and exercise.Signs and symptoms-fear, confusion, dizzy and numb.Treatment-reassurance, paper bag, cupped hands and controlled breathing (in through nose and out through mouth).
20 Unconscious choking techniques for the adult Check the sceneCheck the victim-are you okay? Shoulder tapCall 911Head tilt/chin liftLook, listen and feel for 10 secondsGive 2 breaths (breaths don’t go in)Retilt the head and give 2 more breaths( breaths still do not go in)Give 30 compressions-at least 2 inchesLook for object- Finger sweep if you see it2 breaths Until what???????
21 Unconscious choking child Check the sceneCheck the victim-are you okay? Shoulder tapCall 911Ask for permission from parentHead tilt/chin liftLook, listen and feel for 10 secondsGive 2 breaths (breaths don’t go in)Retilt the head and give 2 more breaths( breaths still do not go in)Give 30 compressions-less effort about 2 inchesLook for object-Finger sweep if you see it2 breaths Until what???????
22 Unconscious choking infant Check the sceneCheck the victim-are you okay? Foot flickCall 911Ask permission from parent/guardianHead tilt/chin liftLook, listen and feel for 10 secondsGive 2 breaths (breaths don’t go in)Retilt the head and give 2 more breaths( breaths still do not go in)Give 30 compressions-1 ½ inches deep(Hold head with one hand)Look for object -Finger sweep if you see it2 breaths Until what???????