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The past Simple Tense.

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Presentation on theme: "The past Simple Tense."— Presentation transcript:

1 The past Simple Tense

2 The Past Simple Tense I lived in Granada when I was young. I studied at University at that time. I studied every day and I also went out with my friends. I lived with my friends Paco and Javi in a big and old flat. We enjoyed our life. Every weekend, we met lots of people in the disco. I remember I had a girlfriend called Margarita. I finished my studies in 1995, but I didn’t start to work until I studied hard to be a Language teacher in a Secondary school. Life is not too bad now, but those days were fantastic! 2

3 The Past Simple Tense Regular Verbs 3

4 The Past Simple Tense REGULAR VERBS – SPELLING RULES Verb ending in How to make the Past Simple Examples e Add -D live > lived 2. Consonant +y Change y to i, then add -ED try > tried 3. Vowel + y Just add -ED play > played 4. A vowel + a cons Double the consonant, stop > stopped (but NOT w or x) then add –ED *mix > mixed *follow > followed -l Double the consonant, travel> travelled then add -ED 6. Two syllable verbs with Double the consonant, prefer > preferred stress on the last syllable then add –ED permit > permitted Anything else Add -ED clean > cleaned look > looked 4

5 The Past Simple Tense IRREGULAR VERBS
Irregular verbs are called like that because they form the simple past and the past participle irregularly, that is to say, with no rules, like the regular verbs that take the –ed ending. You have to learn them by heart (de memoria). There are more than 600 hundred irregular verbs, although about 200 hundred are the most common. Some of them have the same form for the infinitive, past and past participle (put – put – put), others have two equal (stand – stood – stood) and others have three different forms (write – wrote – written). 5

6 The Past Simple Tense Affirmative: (+) REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS
SUBJECT VERB – ED football yesterday. IRREGULAR VERBS SUBJECT IRREGULAR VERB to the cinema last night. some clothes in the boutique. I played He went Mary bought 6

7 The Past Simple Tense Negative: (-) REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS
SUBJECT DID + NOT (DIDN’T) + VERB football yesterday. IRREGULAR VERBS SUBJECT IRREGULAR VERB to the cinema last night. some clothes in the boutique. I didn’t play He didn’t go Mary didn’t buy 7

8 The Past Simple Tense Interrogative: (?)
The interrogative structure in the Past Simple follows this pattern: Without an interrogative pronoun: DID SUBJECT VERB OBJECT OR COMPLEMENTS With an interrogative pronoun: WH DID SUBJECT VERB + (COMPLEMENTS)? Where did you go (last night) ? WH- PRONOUNS AND INTERROGATIVE PARTICLES: who, what , when, where, why, how, how much, how many, how often, what time, etc … Did you play football yesterday? 8

9 The Past Simple Tense TIME EXPRESSIONS yesterday
last night / Sunday/ week / month / year two days / weeks / months ago on Wednesday / on 4th of July in / in August when I was young / when they saw her then 9

10 The Past Simple Tense The Past Simple is used when:
USES The Past Simple is used when: The action or sequence of actions happened in the past. Paul and Mary lived and studied in the same city. The action/event is completed /finished at the time of speaking. Marco arrived in Madrid yesterday. The time or/and place is stated or understood. Spain won the football world cup of South Africa in 2010. The length of the event/action is not important. I went out with my friends last weekend. 10

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