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History of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lecture 1.1.

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Presentation on theme: "History of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lecture 1.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lecture 1.1

2 The First Point-Contact Transistor 1947 Bell Labs Museum

3 The First Junction Transistor 1951 Bell Labs Lab model M1752 Outside the Lab

4 Texas Instrument’s First IC Jack Kilby Robert Noyce Fairchild Intel

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6 Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965

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9 Graphical illustration of Moore’s law Leading edge chip in ,000 transistors Leading edge chip in ,000,000 transistors Something that doubles frequently grows more quickly than most people realize! –A 2002 chip can hold about 15, chips inside itself

10 This year’s transistors are just twice the size of a virus Nick Tredennick Gilder Technology Report

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13 Intel 4004 source: Computer Museum

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15 January 1975 cover of Popular Electronics

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17 The 8080 Microprocessor 40-pin chip Developed by Intel in Address Lines –Can address 2 16 = 64 Kbytes of memory 8 Data Lines Required +5V, +12V and -5V First microprocessor to become widely used

18 The 8080 Microprocessor PSW A C E L B D H SP PC Program Status Word Primary Accumulator Secondary Accumlators/ Data Counters Stack Pointer Program Counter

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20 The 6800 Microprocessor 40-pin chip Developed by Motorola in address lines and 8 data lines Used only +5V

21 The 6800 Microprocessor Registers A B X PC SP CC Accumulator A Accumulator B Index register X Program counter Stack pointer Condition code register

22 1978 – Industrial Holographics

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24 The 6502 Microprocessor 40-pin chip Developed by MOS Technology, Inc. in address lines and 8 data lines Based on the Motorola 6800 Used in many home computers including the –Apple II –Commodore PET –Atari

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26 The 6502 Microprocessor Registers A X Y PC SP Status Accumulator Index register X Index register Y Program counter Stack pointer Status register

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28 The 6809 Microprocessor 40-pin chip Developed by Motorola in address lines and 8 data lines Used in the Radio Shack Color Computer Widely used in industrial controllers

29 Radio Shack Color Computer used 6809 microprocessor

30 The 6809 Microprocessor Registers AB Y S U DP Accumulator A:B = D Index register X Index register Y System stack pointer User stack pointer Program counter Direct page register Condition code register X CC PC

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32 The Microprocessor 64-pin chip Developed by Motorola in address lines –Can address 2 24 = 16 Mbytes of memory 16 data lines Used in the original Macintosh Computer

33 Original Macintosh Computer used microprocessor

34 The MicroprocessorRegisters D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 Data Registers A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A7’ Address Registers Program Counter Status/CCR

35 1981IBM PC, uses Intel Motorola Motorola Intel MHz, 130,000 transistors 1984Motorola Bit address and data busses Integrated Microcontroller 1985Motorola 68HC Motorola MHz 1986Intel MHz, 275,000 transistors 1987Motorola Motorola MHz 1989Intel MHz, 1,000,000 transistors 1990Intel MHz 1992Intel Pentium4,000,000 Transistors 1997Motorola 68HC12Enhanced 68HC11

36 1985 – Motorola introduces the 68HC11 microcontroller

37 Motorola introduces the 68HC12 (in 1997) and the HCS12 (in 2002) Additional PWM and CAN interfaces

38 The 68HC12(11) Registers

39 Develops WHYP – a subroutine-threaded Forth for the 68HC12

40 Chuck Moore, the inventor of Forth, reading Haskell’s WHYP book

41 Learning By Example Using C -- Programming the HCS12 Microcontroller Using CodeWarrior Richard E. Haskell Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan Copyright All rights reserved

42 miniDragon+ Wytec Company $99.00

43 PC sales


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