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“The interaction of a giant planet with a disc with MHD turbulence I: The initial turbulent disc models” Papaloizou & Nelson 2003a, MNRAS 339, 923 Brian.

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Presentation on theme: "“The interaction of a giant planet with a disc with MHD turbulence I: The initial turbulent disc models” Papaloizou & Nelson 2003a, MNRAS 339, 923 Brian."— Presentation transcript:

1 “The interaction of a giant planet with a disc with MHD turbulence I: The initial turbulent disc models” Papaloizou & Nelson 2003a, MNRAS 339, 923 Brian Gleim February 23rd, 2006 AST 591 Instructor: Rolf Jansen

2 Introduction n Discovery of giant planets close to their star has led to the idea that they migrated inwards due to gravitational interaction with the gaseous disc

3 Causes of Migration n Previous studies involving torques between a laminar viscous disc and a Jovian protoplanet produces an inward migration n Balbus & Hawley (1991): inward migration originates from magnetorotational instability (MRI)

4 Paper I: Turbulent Discs n Focus on turbulent disc models prior to introducing a perturbing protoplanet (Paper II) n Cylindrical disc models; no vertical stratification n Assume disc is adequately ionized for idea MHD conditions; consider models with no net magnetic flux

5 Initial Model Setup

6 Models A-E Range from r 1

7 Important Quantities n Magnetic Energy –=> MRI Stress Parameter α Stress Parameter α –=> Ang. Mom. transfer n Radial Fluid Velocity –=> Inward Migration

8 Model A n Input Moderate Values n At onset of MRI, high initial magnetic energy before relaxation n Stable stress pattern after short time n Radial velocity takes much longer to stability

9 Model B n Short radius r 2 = 4.0 n Similar results to Model A n Stress Parameter results were initially nonsensical

10 Models C & D n 50% Thicker discs n Typical magnetic energy Time averages of α are more uniform: may occur because thicker disc loses memory of ini. cond. and relaxes faster Time averages of α are more uniform: may occur because thicker disc loses memory of ini. cond. and relaxes faster

11 Model E n Long radius r 2 = 8.0 Similar saturation results for α and magnetic energy This model was built to azimuth = 2  to simulate planet-disc interactions

12 Full 2  Disc n To simulate full disc, transform inertial frame into rotating frame n Would the simulation results change? n No, magnetic energy and stress parameter trends remain

13 Discussion n All models attain a turbulent state: –α ~ 5x10 -3 and –β -1 ~.001 –Same results for 2  azimuth –Same for rotational frame

14 Comparison with Theory n Radial velocity results up to 2 orders of magnitude larger than classical viscous disc theory expects n Long duration time-averages required to reveal magnitudes comparable to theoretical viscous inflow velocity

15 With a Protoplanet? n Expect different dynamic behavior in the gap region n Instantaneous velocity fluctuations too great n Classic theory only applies in quasi- steady regions

16 References n “The interaction of a giant planet with a disc with MHD turbulence I: The initial turbulent disc models” Papaloizou & Nelson 2003a, MNRAS 339, 923 n Images from: –http://astron.berkeley.edu/~gmarcy/0398 marcybox4.html –http://www.astro.livjm.ac.uk/research/hots tars.shtml –http://www.sns.ias.edu/~dejan/CCS/work/ SciArt/


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