Presentation on theme: "Problem, Plan and Practicality"— Presentation transcript:
1Problem, Plan and Practicality “The Problem with Pennies”
2Listen For the Following What are the Problem issues in this speech? (Who is our present policy toward the Penny hurting?)What is the Plan?How does the speaker work to prove that the plan is Practical? (show it solves the problem, anticipates objections, provides evidence of ease)
5Problems for Individuals 2/3 of class don’t like themOnly ½ of people surveyed use them dailyPennies from heaven?
6Problems for Businesses 5.5 million hours = $22 million cost30 cents for every $1 of pennies = expensive
7Problems for the Nation 7 billion taken out of circulation/yearBillions more in jars and piggy banks6% of Americans throw them out12 billion new pennies = $80 million/year
8Solution 1) Round off purchases to nearest nickel From the Coin Coalition1) Round off purchases to nearest nickel2) Round off sales tax to nearest nickel3) Stop making new pennies4) Cash in pennies
9It Could Work!Remember the Half-Cent Coin?You Already Round Off!
10Learning groups discussion What are the Problem issues in this speech? (Who is our present policy toward the Penny hurting?)What is the Plan?How does the speaker work to prove that the plan is Practical? (show it solves the problem, anticipates objections, provides evidence of ease)
11Problem Issue Development Pennies are a nuisance for individuals.EVIDENCE: class survey, U.S. Mint Survey, example of Noel Gunther from the L.A. Times
12Problem Issue Development Pennies are a nuisance for businesses.EVIDENCE: Fortune magazine, National Association of Convenience Stores
13Problem Issue Development Pennies are a nuisance for the nation.EVIDENCE: stats and testimony from the Treasury Dept., from the U.S. Mint, from U.S. News and World Report]
14Plan IssueFirst step is for the federal government to legalize and standardize rounding off purchases to the nearest nickel.The next step is to round the sales tax off to the nearest nickel.The third step is for the mint to stop making pennies.The fourth step is for people to cash in their pennies removing them from the money supply.
15Practicality Issue--mixed in with the Plan Rounding off purchases: would not cause increased cost to consumers.Rounding off sales tax: again, no increased cost; it is like rounding off to the nearest dollar on your income tax return.Stop minting: this will save $80 million a year.
16More PracticalitySuch a plan has worked in the U.S. before; in 1857 we eliminated the half-penny.We already practice this plan through the "Leave a Penny, Take a Penny" dishes at check-out counters.
17Specific Purpose Statement To persuade my audience that “X” should do “Y.”Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that the Federal Government should eliminate the penny from the United States money supply.
18Central IdeaThe Central Idea Indicates the Main PointsI. Pennies cause serious problems for individuals, businesses and the national economy.II. The federal government should eliminate pennies from the money supply.Central Idea: Because Pennies cause problems for individuals, businesses, and the economy as a whole, they should be eliminated from the U.S. money system.
19Problem-Solution This is a simple pattern Something is wrong. [Make us care.]We can fix it! [Show us what can be done and how we can help.]Using your analysisI. Problem = ProblemII. Solution = Plan and Practicality
20Patterns of Organization Good bye topical, good bye spatial, and good bye chronological.
21Patterns of Organization Hello Problem-Cause-Solution
22Patterns of Organization Hello Problem-Cause-Solution-3 main points
23Problem-Cause-Solution Can be even stronger than Problem-SolutionIt has built-in practicality impact if you can isolate the causes and addresses those causes in your plan.Using your analysisI. Problem = ProblemII. Cause = ProblemIII. Solution = Plan and Practicality
36Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Main Pts. Introduction (ATTENTION) I. Deforestation is a serious problem. (PROBLEM) II. You can help solve this problem by planting trees. (SATISFACTION) III. Planting trees can make a big difference. (VISUALIZATION) Conclusion (ACTION)
37Resources & Examples Workbook p. 70 Problem-Solution Speech on Darfur Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Speech on bone marrow donationIn the Lucas Textbook at the end of Chapter 15“Putting the Breaks on Teenage Driving” is Problem-Cause-Solution
38Outside Speech Assignment Workbook p. 135Best Option: Campus LecturesExpectation min. half hourFinal Assignment is submitted through BlackboardYou can earn make up classwork points but doing an extra Outside Speech Assignment
39Go hear some Speeches!The Challenge for an Authentic Multiracial Democracy In America - Carlos Muñoz (a founder of the Chicano Civil Rights Movement) Saturday, October 15, 2011, 8:00 Great Hall, Memorial UnionAmerican Foreign Policy after Iraq and Afghanistan - Lee Hamilton (Former Indiana Congressman ) Wednesday, October 19, 2011, 8:00 Great Hall, Memorial UnionFeeding the World, Sustaining the Planet - Jonathan Foley (U of Minn. Institute on the Environment) Thursday, October 20, 2011, 7:00 Great Hall, Memorial UnionHorse Race Journalism: Polls, Politics, Policy and Political Advertising - Panel DiscussionFriday, October 21, 2011, 11:00 Pioneer Room, Memorial Union New Media and Politics: The Sphere of Influence - Panel DiscussionFriday, October 21, 2011, 1:30 Pioneer Room, Memorial