Formal Outline: Typed with consistent font and style Consistent set of symbols to identify structure –Follows the rule of division Contains Complete Sentences –Do not use questions for points Follow Required Guidelines and Format –See Provided Example
Speaking Notes Do not use your formal outline Brief key word outline 3 X 5 cards; or speakers notes May want to put quotes, First/ last sentence on cards, major statistics, and notes to yourself (slow down, smile, movement, breathe)
Introduction – 10-15% Should fulfill four functions: 1.Includes an Attention Getter: –piques the audience interest and gets them to listen –Should be the very first thing you say before you reveal your topic 2.Create a connection between speaker and audience
2.Has a clearly stated Thesis A creative statement with one idea that introduces your topic and focuses the attention of the audience on your main goal 3.Offers a Preview A statement that tells the audience about the main things you will discuss in the speech
SUPPORTING MATERIAL data you use to back up your points Includes: Support Devices, Visual Aids, and Vocal Citations Support Devices: This is basically a way of presenting your research using these methods. –Examples –Anecdotes –Analogies –Quotes –Statistics –Definitions –Compare/Contrast –Narration
Establish the credibility of your support devices Use recognizable organizations and people Or Be sure to tell us about the person or organization
Guidelines for Visual Aids CVS Principle: a prescription for a great visual aid –Clarity – easily understood –Visibility – at least 2 inch letters –Simplicity - rule of seven 7 words per 7 lines
Follow the FUR Principle: Helps others follow, understand, and remember Collegiate Quality Reliability – work, wont backfire
Vocal Citations. Give Credit to Your Sources Failure to provide proper credit is plagiarism A Quote a Vocal Citation Ex: Mark Twain said it best when he said, It takes three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.
Vocal citations include the name of the source – cite sources first Example: In the July 9 issue of the Daily News Gazette, 80% of all college professors were reported as saying that students do not use correct vocal citations. All statistics and quotes MUST have vocal citations.