Presentation on theme: "James Byrne 6 th Class. ◦ Introduction ◦ Why did the Rising happen? ◦ What happened ? ◦ Who was involved ? ◦ Where it took place ? ◦ Why was it an important."— Presentation transcript:
James Byrne 6 th Class
◦ Introduction ◦ Why did the Rising happen? ◦ What happened ? ◦ Who was involved ? ◦ Where it took place ? ◦ Why was it an important moment in history ? ◦ Conclusion
◦ I chose the Easter Rising of 1916 for my defining moment in history because if it didn’t happen we would probably still be ruled by the United Kingdom
◦ England ruled Ireland for nearly 800 years ◦ Many past rebellions had been defeated. ◦ Many attempts at Home Rule failed. ◦ A Gaelic revival began in the1880s. The GAA and Sinn Fein were set up. ◦ The IRB were getting active ◦ General dissatisfaction against the British began to show – 1913 General Lockout strike.
◦ The Irish volunteers led by Patrick Pearse. ◦ The Irish Citizen Army led by James Connolly. ◦ Cumann na Mban led by Constance Markievicz. ◦ Total 1400 Republicans or soldiers ◦ The British Army led by General Lowe and General Maxwell. ◦ Police (Royal Irish Constabulary)
◦ Started on Easter Monday the 24 th of April. ◦ Seized key locations in Dublin Key locations were the GPO, Jacobs biscuit factory, Four Courts, Marrowbone Lane and St Stephens Green. ◦ Pearse Proclaimed an Irish Republic. ◦ There was fierce fighting in the streets ◦ British Army Reinforcements were sent to Dublin from England on April the 26 th. ◦ On Saturday the 29 th of April Pearse issued a surrender order. ◦
◦ Basically saying that he doesn't want the Irish citizens to get hurt and also that they were outnumbered. ◦ A total of 3,430 men and 79 women were arrested and 90 people were sentenced to death. ◦ Fifteen of those (including all seven signatories of the proclamation) were executed. ◦
KilledWounded Rebels64120 British Army Civilians3002,000
◦ The Rising was not popular with the Irish People when it happened – Dublin destroyed, people killed ◦ However the people were angry about the executions and now were supporting the rebels. ◦ By 1918 the republican cause was the dominant one in Ireland and the Irish volunteers were ready to fight for their country. ◦ The dail was formed on January 21 st 1919 and independence was declared. ◦ The War of Independence of 1919 to 1921 grew out of it.
◦ The rebellion was a military failure. ◦ Destroyed Dublin and killed many civilians. ◦ After 1916 Irish people now support independence of Ireland. ◦ War of Independence and Civil War continued from 1916 to ◦ Many of the participants in the 1916 Rising were very important in Irish politics like Michael Collins, Eamon DeValera. ◦ Ireland received its Independence