2 About The Easter Rising This project is about the Easter Rising, one of the most major events in Irish historyIreland was under British rule since the Act of Union in 1801This meant that the Irish/English parliament was now in Westminister, England
3 The Irish Republican Brotherhood James Stephens along with John O’Mahony set up an association known as the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) in 1858.This was to try and get Irish independence so that Ireland could be it’s own republic!
4 The Unsuccessful IRB Rebellion In 1867 the IRB started a rebellion. Sadly this was unsuccessfulBecause of this they were forced to be a secret society
5 The VolunteersIn July & August 1914 guns and other arms landed in Howth, Co. Dublin and Kilcoole , Co. WicklowWhen World War 1 began, the English went off to fight with the French so Eoin MacNeill decided to attack Britain at their weakest, but John Redmond wanted to fight with France. These were called the Irish and National Volunteers.
6 The Irish Citizen ArmyIn November 1913 the ‘Irish Citizen Army’ was formed. It was founded by James Connolly to protect workers from being badly treated by their employers.After a while they began to arm themselves with guns and bombs.The Irish Citizen Army & The Volunteers saw that they were after the same things. They fought together in 1916.
7 Planning The Rising The IRB began planning a Rising The men who planned it were Patrick Pearse, Eamonn Ceannt, Joseph Plunkett, Thomas Clarke, Sean Mac Dermott, James Connolly and Thomas Mac DonaghThey did this in secretThe date of the Rising was to be: Easter Sunday 1916These men were also to be the signatories of the proclamation
8 The DisagreementThe Volunteers disagreed on the rising. MacNeill did not want it to go on unless they would win.However Roger Casement still went to Germany to ask for arms. They agreed as the Germans were against the English too.When the ship arrived the British intercepted & the captain had to sink the ship in case they got the guns.
9 The ConfusionWhen MacNeill heard that the others were still planning the rising behind his back he became very angryHe wrote orders cancelling the rising in the paper. Yet Mac Donagh and Pearse sent out a letter stating that it was on!This caused great confusion among the people
10 The Irish RepublicOn this Easter Monday the Volunteers, the Irish Citizen Army and Cumann na mBan gathered together at Liberty HallBy afternoon they had taken over 6 main buildings The GPO, The Four Courts, Boland's Mill, St. Stephens Green, Jacob’s Factory and South Dublin Union.Pearse read the Proclamation on the steps of the GPOThey also replaced the British flag with the Irish one
11 Tuesday 25th of AprilNot only Dublin, but the whole of Ireland was put under martial lawNo newspapers or post entered DublinThe English took over Trinity College and the Shelbourne Hotel
12 Wednesday 26th of AprilBy Wednesday the rebels were greatly out-numberedA gun boat named the ‘Helga’ came up the Liffey. It bombed Liberty HallThere was very terrible and violent fighting reported at Mount Street Bridge
13 Thursday 27th of AprilA British General Maxwell came to Ireland and took overMost of O’Connell Street was ruined or in flamesJames Connolly was shot in the ankle but the others helped him back to the GPOConstance Markievicz & Casement were captured. While in an English jail Casement was shot
14 Friday 28th of AprilTwo important buildings, The Imperial Hotel and Clery’s Department Store collapsed.People heard the rebels singing ‘The Soldiers Song’ which later became our national anthemThe GPO was set on fire and the rebels had to leave their headquarters
15 Saturday 29th of AprilPearse did not want any more death so he agreed to surrenderElizabeth O’Farrell, another Volunteer walked through O’Connell Street waving a white flagBy seven o’clock all was calm.400 had died, 2000 injured and Dublin was ruined
16 How It All Ended 3000 people were arrested. 90 were sentenced to death. The 7 leaders and 8 others were shot by a firing squadThe people’s opinion of the leaders quickly changed: When alive, just 7 men ruining Dublin.When dead, 7 heroes.
17 A Romantic Ending Plunkett was engaged to a woman named Grace Gifford Their wedding was postponed as Plunkett was very ill & because of the RisingThey wanted to get married so they had to get married at 1:30am.They only had 10 minutes together before Plunkett was executed
18 Goodbye!Thank you for reading my presentation. I hope you enjoyed it and learned a lot about the 1916 Rising.BYE!!!!!