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CONTESTING HISTORY OPPOSING VOICES 9: Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising.

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Presentation on theme: "CONTESTING HISTORY OPPOSING VOICES 9: Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CONTESTING HISTORY OPPOSING VOICES 9: Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising

3 Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising Socialism: Socialism: Key People: James Larkin and James Connolly Key People: James Larkin and James Connolly 1894: Irish Trade Union Congress established 1894: Irish Trade Union Congress established 1896:Connolly invited to Dublin to set up the Irish Socialist Republican Party – also set up and edited the Workers Republic 1896:Connolly invited to Dublin to set up the Irish Socialist Republican Party – also set up and edited the Workers Republic 1903: Connolly left Ireland for the USA 1903: Connolly left Ireland for the USA 1907: Larkin sent by James Sexton, the leader of the National Union of Dock Workers, to organise the Union in Belfast 1907: Larkin sent by James Sexton, the leader of the National Union of Dock Workers, to organise the Union in Belfast 1907: May-Nov.: Dockers and Carters Strike as a result of the attempts by employers to lock out Union members 1907: May-Nov.: Dockers and Carters Strike as a result of the attempts by employers to lock out Union members 1909: Larkin set up the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU) 1909: Larkin set up the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU) 1910: Connolly returned to Dublin to run the Socialist Party of Ireland – also became the Belfast organiser of the ITGWU 1910: Connolly returned to Dublin to run the Socialist Party of Ireland – also became the Belfast organiser of the ITGWU 1912: Irish Labour Party established by Irish Trade Union Congress 1912: Irish Labour Party established by Irish Trade Union Congress

4 Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising 1913: Aug.: William Martin Murphy and other employers tried to compel workers to leave the ITGWU on threat of dismissal 1913: Aug.: ITGWU called out other workers 1913: Sept.: 20,000 on strike or locked out – clashes with Metropolitan Police – Connolly and Larkin arrested for sedition 1913: Sept.: 20,000 on strike or locked out – clashes with Metropolitan Police – Connolly and Larkin arrested for sedition 1913: Nov.: Irish Citizen Army established to protect the workers 1914: Jan.: most workers returned to work – unable to finance a long strike 1914: Larkin left Ireland for the USA 1914: Connolly took over as general secretary of the ITGWU – also as Commandant of the Citizen Army Liberty Hall, ITGWU HQ, became the centre for the Irish Citizen Army, which had c. 350 members 1916: Jan.: Connolly reached agreement with the Military Council of the IRB Supreme Council for a joint insurrection utilizing the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army

5 Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising 1914: Sept.: Irish Volunteers split 1915: May: Foundation of the Military Council of the IRB 1916: Jan.: Military Council agreed to a rising no later than Easter 1916: 3 April: Plans were published for Irish Volunteer ‘manoeuvres’ on 23 April (Easter Sunday) 1916: 20-1 April: The Aud was captured and scuttled with arms from Germany 1916: 21 April: Roger Casement arrested on arrival from Germany 1916: 22 April: Eoin MacNeill issued his countermanding order 1916: 23 April: Military Council decided to go ahead with their plans 1916: 24 April: The GPO and other Dublin buildings were occupied by the insurgents 1916: 29 April: the unconditional surrender of the insurgents 1916: 3-12 May: Leaders of the Rising were executed 1916: 3 Aug.: Casement executed

6 Nationalism and Socialism: The Lockout and the Rising Further Reading: Augusteijn, Joost (ed.), The Irish Revolution, (2002). Caulfield, Max, The Easter Rebellion (1964). Fitzpatrick, David, Politics and Irish life, (1977). Foy, Michael, & Barton, Brian, The Easter Rising (1999). Townshend, Charles, Easter 1916: The Irish Rebellion (2005).


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