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The Plant Kingdom (Part III)

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Presentation on theme: "The Plant Kingdom (Part III)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Plant Kingdom (Part III)
Kings of Photosynthesis

2 Engage

3 Explore Begin Photosynthesis Lab Photosynthesis Foldable

4 Explain Autotrophs: biotic producers; photoautotrophs; chemoautotrophs; obtains organic food without eating other organisms Heterotrophs: biotic consumers; obtains organic food by eating other organisms or their by-products (includes decomposers)

5 Video 2

6 General Over View of Photosynthesis
Sunlight 1. 6 CO2+ 6 H2O > C6H12O6 +6 O2 Chlorophyll 2. Carried out in plants, algae, and some bacteria. 3. In plants and algae; chloroplasts. Bacteria; cytoplasm. 4. The process is broken down into two parts: a). Light reactions b). Dark reactions (Calvin Cycle).

7 Light Spectrum violet indigo blue green yellow orange red 380nm 450 nm
600 nm 650 nm

8 Light Being Used Chlorophyll is the main pigment in the chloroplast. It is green and will reflect the green light. Plants use the violet- blue area of the spectrum the most. The orange - red area is used also used.

9 Chlorophyll Light Absorption
Absorption of Light by Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b Chlorophyll b Chlorophyll a V B G Y O R

10 The chloroplast Sites of photosynthesis Pigment: chlorophyll
Plant cell: mesophyll Gas exchange: stomata Double membrane Thylakoids, grana, stroma

11 Photosynthesis: An Overview
Light O2 Sugars CO2 Chloroplast Chloroplast NADP+ ADP + P Light- Dependent Reactions Calvin Cycle ATP NADPH

12 Video 3


14 Light Reactions This set of reactions needs sunlight and chlorophyll.
They occur in the area of the chloroplast called the thylakoids. Sunlight hits and activates an area called the photosystem causing water molecules to split into H+ and O2 The Oxygen leaves the cell, while the H+ are used to help create 2 high energy chemicals ATP and NADPH. These chemicals are sent to the stroma to be used in the Dark Reactions.


16 Dark Reactions They occur in the stroma of the chloroplast.
This process does not need sunlight and can occur 24 hours a day. In this series of reactions the plant makes a chemical called PGAL from carbon dioxide and the energy from the ATP and NADPH. This PGAL is an intermediate compound that is raw material for all the materials a plant needs. The most common is sugar.

17 Calvin Cycle CO2 Enters the Cycle Energy Input ChloropIast 5-Carbon
Molecules Regenerated 6-Carbon Sugar Produced Sugars and other compounds

18 Summary This is a building process
It requires water, carbon dioxide, sunlight, and chlorophyll. It produces sugar and oxygen.. The Light reaction produces oxygen and the needed materials for the Dark reactions. The Dark reactions produce PGAL from the carbon dioxide, ATP and NADPH. PGAL will be used to produce sugar and other materials.

19 Elaborate Finish Photosynthesis Lab Photosynthesis Concept Map
Compare/Contrast Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

20 CO2 Photosynthesis Light- dependent reactions Calvin cycle Thylakoid
includes uses Light- dependent reactions Calvin cycle takes place in uses use take place in Thylakoid membranes Stroma NADPH ATP Energy from sunlight to produce of to produce ATP NADPH O2 Chloroplasts High-energy sugars

21 Electron Transport Chain
Glucose Glycolysis Cytoplasm Pyruvic acid Electrons carried in NADH Krebs Cycle Electrons carried in NADH and FADH2 Electron Transport Chain Mitochondrion


23 Evaluation

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