Presentation on theme: "Logical Fallacies Alex Anderson Hannah Harper Michelle Spencer Kaitlin Wells."— Presentation transcript:
Logical Fallacies Alex Anderson Hannah Harper Michelle Spencer Kaitlin Wells
Definition Applying logic, one can usually draw a conclusion from one or more established premises. In the type of propaganda known as the logical fallacy, however, the premises may be accurate but the conclusion is not.
Examples of Fallacies Inductive Argument – Premise 1: Most American cats are domestic house cats – Premise 2: Bill is an American cat – Conclusion: Bill is domestic house cat Factual Error – Columbus is the capital of the United States
Examples Continued Deductive Fallacy – Premise 1: If Portland is the capital of Maine, then it is in Maine – Premise 2: Portland is in Maine – Conclusion: Portland is the capital of Maine – (Portland is in Maine, but Augusta is the capital. Portland is the largest city in Maine, though.) Inductive Fallacy – Premise 1: Having just arrived in Ohio, I saw a white squirrel. – Conclusion: All Ohio Squirrels are all white. – (While there are many, many squirrels in Ohio, the white ones are very rare.