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FALLACIOUS REASONING RC 2. 8
WHAT IS A FALLACY? A fallacy is an error in reasoning. It usually lacks evidence and makes erroneous claims.
Fallacious Reasoning – Conclusion that does not make sense
FALLACIOUS REASONING Premise 1: Most American cats are domestic house cats. Premise 2: Bill is an American cat. Conclusion: Bill is a domestic house cat
ANOTHER EXAMPLE John is tall. All tall boys are good at basketball. John is good at basketball.
There are different types of reasoning
1. Factual Error – incorrect evidence
FACTUAL ERROR The United States is in Africa. Los Angeles is the capital of California. Mrs. Costa is President of the United States.
2. Inductive Reasoning – goes from specific to general
INDUCTIVE FALLACY Just arriving in California, I saw a white dog. All dogs in California are white.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE I encountered a rude person in New York City. All people in New York City are rude.
3. Deductive Reasoning – Starts with a general assumption to specific
DEDUCTIVE FALLACY If Chino is the capital of California, and it’s in California. Chino is the capital of California.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE If drinking milk makes you taller, and I drink milk. I will grow to 6-7.
Check 4 Understanding Get our your white board and let’s show what you know! Parents: The answers are listed in the notes section under regular view.
WHAT IS THE FALLACY IN THIS AD? HINT, LOOK AT THE FINE PRINT
WHAT IS THE FALLACY? My daughter was vaccinated. She was diagnosed with autism. The vaccination caused autism.
Sight Word Phrases Group 1. the little boy a good boy.
A Closer Look at Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning.
Hypotheticals: The If/Then Form Hypothetical arguments are usually more obvious than categorical ones. A hypothetical argument has an “if/then” pattern.
The people Look for some people. Write it down. By the water So there you are. Who will make it? You and I A long time What will they do?
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
Can you see?. I like him. When will we go? All or some.
Lets build fluency! The people By the water You and I.
Simple present The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place.
Lap 1. the to and he a I you it of in Lap 2.
Oral Reading Fluency First 100 Most Used Phrases.
High-Frequency Phrases First 100 Words. The people.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
First Grade Sight Words a in I and is it for.
Come. and down a away big blue can help.
The Present Simple The Present Simple USE 1: Repeated Actions USE 2: Facts or Generalizations The Usages of the Present Simple.
Topic Outline Industry Industry Welcome to Year 9 History Historical Writing, what makes a good piece? How do we measure time? A fight in the yard (skills.
A. as is a couldn’t does could has wouldn’t.
Look at what we can read!. by brown four give long many.
All sentences need: Capital letter End mark Make sense Subject (WHO or WHAT the sentence is about) Predicate (Describes the subject or tells more about.
DEDUCTIVE vs. INDUCTIVE REASONING Section 1.1. Problem Solving Logic – The science of correct reasoning. Reasoning – The drawing of inferences or conclusions.
The Toulmin Model A tool for diagramming informal arguments.
List 1 Sight Words the to and he a I you it.
Solving Radical Equations. The simplest kind of radical equation is one like this.
THIS I BELIEVE. PREWRITE Make a list of 5 (or more) things you believe strongly in.
Punctuating Direct Speech Learning Objective: To understand how to punctuate direct speech.
Microsoft ® Word 2010 Training. Making the Switch to Word 2010… Make the switch to Word 2010 Making the switch from Microsoft Office Word 2003 to Microsoft.
Logic i.e. the study of argument and the use of reason -- in other words, logic is the study of thinking.
Question Graph 1 1.What country has the largest column? What are the reasons that you think that this country has the highest amount? -The country that.
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