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FALLACIOUS REASONING RC 2. 8
WHAT IS A FALLACY? A fallacy is an error in reasoning. It usually lacks evidence and makes erroneous claims.
Fallacious Reasoning – Conclusion that does not make sense
FALLACIOUS REASONING Premise 1: Most American cats are domestic house cats. Premise 2: Bill is an American cat. Conclusion: Bill is a domestic house cat
ANOTHER EXAMPLE John is tall. All tall boys are good at basketball. John is good at basketball.
There are different types of reasoning
1. Factual Error – incorrect evidence
FACTUAL ERROR The United States is in Africa. Los Angeles is the capital of California. Mrs. Costa is President of the United States.
2. Inductive Reasoning – goes from specific to general
INDUCTIVE FALLACY Just arriving in California, I saw a white dog. All dogs in California are white.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE I encountered a rude person in New York City. All people in New York City are rude.
3. Deductive Reasoning – Starts with a general assumption to specific
DEDUCTIVE FALLACY If Chino is the capital of California, and it’s in California. Chino is the capital of California.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE If drinking milk makes you taller, and I drink milk. I will grow to 6-7.
Check 4 Understanding Get our your white board and let’s show what you know! Parents: The answers are listed in the notes section under regular view.
WHAT IS THE FALLACY IN THIS AD? HINT, LOOK AT THE FINE PRINT
WHAT IS THE FALLACY? My daughter was vaccinated. She was diagnosed with autism. The vaccination caused autism.
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2015 ALL CITY BOYS BASKETBALL FIRST TEAM Presented to: NAME GRADE, SCHOOL JOHN A. AGUIRRE COMMISSIONER, CIF LOS ANGELES CITY SECTION.
2015 ALL CITY BOYS SOCCER FIRST TEAM Presented to: NAME GRADE, SCHOOL JOHN A. AGUIRRE COMMISSIONER, CIF LOS ANGELES CITY SECTION.
2015 ALL CITY BOYS VOLLEYBALL: DIVISION I Presented to: NAME GRADE, SCHOOL JOHN A. AGUIRRE COMMISSIONER, CIF LOS ANGELES CITY SECTION.
A word or word group that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples: parents, Mrs. Myers, rocket, danger, freedom, linebacker, White House,
1.Check for validity (if it is a deductive structure). 2.Check for soundness (e.g. are the premises true?). 3.Check for strong or weak sample sizes (if.
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Category 1 Category 5 Category 4 Category 3 Category
By: Ivana Hardi 6.b. When I grow up I will be singer,
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