Presentation on theme: "Subject Author: David C. McClelland Presenter: Colin Gast Location: MTSU * Originally Published in Think Magazine by IBM in 1996."— Presentation transcript:
Subject Author: David C. McClelland Presenter: Colin Gast Location: MTSU * Originally Published in Think Magazine by IBM in 1996
Lived May – March American psychological theorist MA from the University of MissouriUniversity of Missouri PhD from Yale UniversityYale University Awarded the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions Most noted for his work on the Need Theory Author -David C. McClelland
Defining work for David McClelland Motivational Model – how managers are motivated and motivate others Explains how the needs for achievements, power, and affiliation affect people as it concerns management Most people exhibit a combination, some show a bias towards one “Need For Achievement” Focus on effort, mastering a task, feedback is preferred “Need For Affiliation” Social relationships, part of the group, not effective managers “Need For Authority/Power” Desire to influence, focus on discipline, winner/loser mindset Need Theory
McClelland’s Need Theory & Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Divides most people into two broad groups Those who work hard to achieve something Need to Achieve Minority of People Those who do not care all that much Lacking Need to Achieve Majority of People That Urge to Achieve Copyright Image: Kung Fu Panda, DreamWorks 2008
450 workers out of work after Pennsylvania plant shutdown Most people stayed home and then looked for same or similar job later A small minority went out an looked for a new job immediately Result of Study: Later group had a larger degree of “Need For Achievement” Example Study
People who think constantly about doing things better Evidence suggest it is training in home by parents Moderately high achievement goals Warm, encouraging Non-authoritarian Why?
Are people unmotivated who do not possess a high Need to Achieve? Unmotivated?
Is the Need to Achieve motivation necessary for success? Is it Position Dependent? Is it Environment Dependent? Are people aware of their own motives? Applicability
What does a reflection in popular literature of this motivation show in a nation and economy? What does it mean?