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KEONJHAR DISTRICT AN OVERVIEW KEONJHAR (Orissa). Maa Tarini – the symbol of religious & cultural identity of Keonjhar WELCOME TO THE LAND OF MAA TARINI.

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Presentation on theme: "KEONJHAR DISTRICT AN OVERVIEW KEONJHAR (Orissa). Maa Tarini – the symbol of religious & cultural identity of Keonjhar WELCOME TO THE LAND OF MAA TARINI."— Presentation transcript:

1 KEONJHAR DISTRICT AN OVERVIEW KEONJHAR (Orissa)

2 Maa Tarini – the symbol of religious & cultural identity of Keonjhar WELCOME TO THE LAND OF MAA TARINI

3

4 KEONJHAR DISTRICT  Situated in the Northern Part of the State.  Total Geographical Area – 8303 Sq. Kms.  Distance from State Capital -235 Kms.  3 Sub-Divisions.  13 Tahasils.  13 C.D.Blocks.  286 Gram Panchayats.  2132 Villages  4 Municipalities.  20 Police Stations.

5 The male-female ratio in the district is more favourable towards women as compared to National average.

6 DEMOGRAPHY OF KEONJHAR  Total Population : (As per 2001 Census)  Literacy Rate : %  ST Literacy Rate: %  SC Literacy Rate: %  Male Literacy Rate : %  Female Literacy Rate : %  Population Density : 188 per Sq. Km.

7 The sex ratio in the district is higher than both the state and national average

8 The growth rate of population in the district is slightly more than the State average but less than the National average.The density of population per sq. Km. in the district is much lower than the State & National averages

9 There is a predominance of rural population and the district has not caught up with the urbanization process in the country.

10 The figure clearly shows that the Keonjhar has predominance of tribal population.

11 Literacy in Keonjhar District KeonjharOrissa India Total Female The percentages of total literates as well as female literates in the district are lower than that of State and National figures.

12 The life expectancy in the district is less than the national averages

13 BASIC SOCIAL INDICATORS OF THE DISTRICT 1Total population Birth rate Death rate Infant mortality54.74/1000 Live birth 5Maternal mortality rate243/ Live birth 6HEALTH INSTITUTIONS Hospital, Dispensary, PHC/APHC, CHC etc. 84 Sub-Centre351 7Nos.of vacancies in various hospitals & Health Centres Doctors49 Paramedicos101

14 ECONOMIC INDICATORS 1Geographical area Ha 2Forest area (Area and %) Ha(37.30%) 3Cultivable Area( ) Ha 4Cultivated area (Area and %) Ha (35.80%) 5Normal Rail fall(mm) Rain fall in mm mm 6 Irrigated area/Net area sown (Area & %) Kharif (in 2007)68884 Ha(23%) Rabi (in )33572 Ha (11.3%) 7Net Sown area Ha

15 ECONOMIC INDICATORS8 NAME OF THE BLOCKS HAVING >35% IRRIGATION Ghasipura41.80% Hatadihi48.00% 9. NAME OF THE BLOCKS HAVING <35% IRRIGATION Anandapur14.60% Ghatagaon22.60% Harichandanpur17.50% Patna31.80% Saharpada5.10% Keonjhar23.90% Banspal4.40% Telkoi28.00% Champua8.40% Jhumpura6.50% Joda5.80%

16 ECONOMIC INDICATORS 10Total Paddy Cultivated( ) Area Ha Production MTs 11Total Non Paddy Cultivated Pulses35663 Ha15779 MT Wheat22408 Ha6501 MT Fibres4920 Ha7590 MT Maize26681 Ha30467 MT Bazra30 Ha15 MT Vegetables29785 Ha MT Spices3902 Ha6058 MT Sugercane858 Ha Other Millets724 Ha406 MT 12Paddy (Yield/Ha)24.38 Qtl/Ha 13Seed Replacement Ratio13.50% 14Fertilizer Consumption (Per Ha)9.80 (Kg/Ha)

17 ECONOMIC INDICATORS 15Average size of land holdings Marginal Farmers0.50 Ha Small Farmers1.37 Ha Big Farmers3.57 Ha 16No.of Rural BPL families (76%) 1997 Census 17Total no. Rural familes (1997 Census) 18Railway Lines155 Kms

18 SWOT ANALYSIS STRENGTHS OF KEONJHAR DISTRICT  NEARLY 1500 MM OF ANNUAL RAINFALL.  WELL ENDOWED GROUNDWATER RESOURCES IN ONE PART.  CONDUCIVE CLIMATE AND LAND TOPOGRAPHY SUITABLE FOR COMMERCIAL CROPS LIKE (FLOWER, OFF SEASON VEGETABLES, FRUITS ETC.)  LARGE FOREST AREA.  AVAILABILITY OF SUITABLE LAND FOR AGRICULTURE.  CONNECTIVITY OF DISTRICT AND BLOCK HEADQUARTERS.  AVAILABILITY OF BLACK BENGAL BREED OF GOAT.  ELECTRICITY IN A NUMBER OF VILLAGES.  DAIRY INFRASTRUCTURES, ( CHILLING PLANT).  UPCOMING INDUSTRIES.  LOCAL DESI VARIETIES AVAILABLE LIKE BLACK GRAM BIRI( PEJUA BIRI), MAIZE, DHANUA LANKA AND BRINJAL.  A GOOD NETWORK OF BANKS.  NUMBER OF WOMEN SELF HELP GROUPS.  ALMOST IN ALL BLOCKS THERE ARE NGOS.  A NUMBER OF GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRAMMES.  AGRICULTURE RELATED RESOURCE AND EXTENSION ORGANISATIONS ( KVK, RRTS ETC).

19 STRENGTHS LARGE NUMBER OF RIVERS AND RIVULETS Continued…..

20 STRENGTHS Favourable Agro-Climatic Conditions –Prolonged Dry Winter –High Rainfall ( mm ) –Soil type ( Red & Black – 2-5% & Red & Yellow – % ) Forest Coverage - Total forest area Sq. Km.(37.30 %) -Reserve Forest Sq. Km.(22.08 %) Continued…..

21 STRENGTHS Mineral Resources (In Million Tones ) Iron ore : Manganese : Chromites: Quartz : Quartzite : Pyrophyllite and Bauxite : Continued…..

22 STRENGTHS Types of Industries Number Sponge Iron 21 Ferro Manganese based Plant 07 Manganese Ore Processing Unit 05 Pyrophillite Powder Unit 05 Rice Mill 02 Small Scale Industries 112 Cottage Industries 1353 Handloom Industries 1145 Cold Storage 02 Milk Chilling Plant 03 Continued…..

23 STRENGTHS Sanghagara Lake Sanghagara water fall Bhimkund Maa Tarini Temple Khandadhar Tourism

24 STRENGTHS Continued….. Total forest area Sq. Km.(37.30 %) Reserve Forest Sq. Km.(22.08 %)

25 WEAKNESS  LOW LEVEL OF LITERACY.  SMALL LANDHOLDINGS.  FOREST DEGRADATION DUE TO THE DEPENDENCY OF THE FAMILIES ON WOODCUTTING AND SHIFTING CULTIVATION.  DEFORESTATION BY MINING ACTIVITIES ARE AFFECTING THE ECOLOGICAL BALANCE.  DEGRADATION OF UPLANDS DUE TO EROSION.  LANDLESSNESS IS HIGH(29%) EVEN WITH ACCESS TO RESOURCE BASE.  SOIL ACIDITY AND IRON TOXICITY HAMPERS CROP GROWTH.  LOW SOIL FERTILITY.  SUBSISTENCE FARMING SYSTEM AND LOW AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION DUE TO UNAVAILABILITY OF IRRIGATION.  TRADITIONAL METHOD OF CULTIVATION ( SUBSISTENCE FARMING).  LACK OF SUPPORT SERVICES LIKE AGRI CLINIC OR ENTREPRENEURS, SOIL TESTING LAB.  EASY AND UNEXPLOITABLE CREDIT IS NOT AVAILABLE.  POOR INFRASTRUCTURES SUPPORTING / PROMOTING ANY ACTIVITY LIKE COLD STORAGE PROCESSING UNIT.  UNORGANISED MARKET.  POOR CONNECTIVITY AFFECTING THE SUPPLY OF INPUTS AND OUTPUT MARKETING.  UNAVAILABILITY OF ALL WEATHER ROADS TO THE INTERIOR VILLAGES.  LACK OF PROPER FOCUS UPON LIVELIHOOD ENHANCEMENT OF THE POOR IS THE MAJOR OF THE AFFECTING THE FAMILY WELL BEING AND LEADING TO HIGHER BPL PERCENTAGE.

26 BPL Families(Rural) BPL Families(Urban) Female Literacy % Traditional Agro-horticulture Practices(Low Returns) Small undulated & fragmented land holding. Low Level of Entrepreneurial Skill. Inadequate Health Care Facilities. Marginal Farmers % (with Land Holding %) Weaknesses

27 OPPORTUNITIES  AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT BY CREATING DECENTRALIZED AND INDIVIDUAL OR COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER HARVESTING AND IRRIGATION INFRASTRUCTURES  INTENSIFICATION AND DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEM ALONG WITH BY IMPROVED PRACTICES OF CROP CULTIVATION, STORAGE AND MARKETING  THERE ARE SCOPES FOR EXPANDING IN MORE AREAS UNDER MAIZE, ARHAR AND BIRI.  GINGER / TURMERIC, CHILLI (ORGANIC SCOPE IS THERE) INTERCROPPED WITH COWPEA IN THE ELEPHANT PRONE AREA CAN BE A VIABLE OPTION.  SCOPE FOR INCREASING YIELD OF MOST OF THE MAJOR CROPS  SCOPE FOR REALIZING MORE VALUES IN NIGER BY MARKET INTERVENTION  PLANTATION AND HORTICULTURE DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF HUGE UPLANDS AND SUITABLE CLIMATE  PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT IN ALLIED SECTORS LIKE POULTRY, DAIRY, GOAT REARING AND PISCICULTURE BY MAKING PRODUCERS ADOPT SCIENTIFIC PRACTICES AND COLLECTIVIZATION  PRODUCTION ENHANCEMENT IN FOREST BASED LIVELIHOODS LIKE TASAR SERICULTURE THROUGH INTRODUCTION OF SYSTEMATIC REARING PRACTICES WITH QUALITY INPUTS  HUGE AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS UNDER PERIPHERY DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY.

28 THREATS  Mining, industries threat to environment and natural resources based livelihoods.  Unplanned Industrial Growth.  Uncertainty in rainfall is another threat.  Degradation of natural resource base  Wide Spread Malnutrition, Large Scale Vacancies of Para-medicos.  Farming is becoming less attractive to the youths  Elephant depredation  Elephant and monkey in parts of the Keonjhar is a big Threat  Close Proximity to Naxal Infested Area.

29 COMMUNITIES / GROUPS WHICH NEED SPECIFIC INTERVENTION. Schedule Tribes, in Particular, Primitive Tribes. Small and Marginal Farmers. Women and Children. Prospective Entrepreneurs and Artisans. Unemployed Youth.

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