3History of Agriculture The word agriculture derived from Latin words “ager” or “agri” means soil and “culture” means cultivation.
4AgricultureAgriculture involves domestication of plants and animals was developed at least 10,000 years ago.Agriculture is also known as “farming”.
5Farming “a system” Agriculture or farming can be looked as “a system”. Inputs are – seeds, fertilisers, machinery, labour.Process – ploughing, sowing, spraying, irrigation and harvestingOutputs from the system – crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers, wool, dairy and poultry products.
6From Corn to PopcornThe transformation from a plant to a finished product involves 3 types of economic activities.PrimarySecondaryTertiary
8Secondary ActivitiesThe processing (make, build and assemble) of products.Eg. Manufacturing of steel.Backing of breadWeaving of clothsMaking furniture
9Tertiary activitiesServices provides supports to the primary and secondary activities.Eg. Transport, trade, banking, advertisement etc.
10What is Agriculture Agriculture is a primary activity. Growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers andRearing of livestock determined as agriculture.50% persons of the whole world are engaged in agriculture activity.
11Factors behind the Agriculture TopographySoilClimate
12World Distribution of Arable land The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.World Distribution of Arable land
13Knowledge bagAgriculture – the science and art of cultivation. It is also called farmingSericulture – commercial rearing of silk worm.Pisciculture – breeding of fishViticulture – cultivation of grapesHorticulture – growing vegetables, flowers, fruits for commercial use.
14Agriculture in IndiaAgriculture in India has a significant history. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output.Rice is the main grain crop of India. India ranks second in the world in production of rice.West Bengal, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the maximum rice producing states in India.
16Lets do it*list out the activities associated under each heading. a) Agriculture b) sericulture c) horticulture Group Discussion:- * What is the difference between agriculture and natural vegetation? * List out the activities involved in agriculture. * List out the factors suitable for growing crops.
17Do yourself Gr. 1 what is horticulture? Gr 2. 50% of world population is dependent on agriculture. Give reasons for your answer.Gr 3 Why agriculture is “a system” ?