Presentation on theme: "Parenting with Positive Behavior Support Schools and Families as Partners September 27, 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Parenting with Positive Behavior Support Schools and Families as Partners September 27, 2011
Support for this webinar The Office of Exceptional Children, SC Department of Education – competitive grant received Project Focused Agenda, US Department of Education grant on improving student access to mental health services
The audience for this webinar Schools that use School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) Schools seeking to support parent involvement Parents whose children attend a school that uses PBIS
Outcomes More effective student behavior through consistency between home and school PBIS as a common ground for parent-teacher discussions Potential for improving child’s behavior at school, home and in the community Increased parent involvement in the education of their child
A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO RESOLVING YOUR CHILD’S DIFFICULT BEHAVIORS HIENEMAN, CHILDS, AND SERGAY Parenting with Positive Behavior Support
Welcoming families to school Clear “welcoming behaviors” from all staff Clear signage, directions to all visitors “Safe” guidance of all visitors Comfortable receiving area The emotions of parenting Green/Yellow/Red parent and family needs Youth/family centered
Primary Prevention: School-/Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings Secondary Prevention: Specialized Group Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior Tertiary Prevention: Specialized Individualized Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior ~80% of Students ~15% ~5% CONTINUUM OF SCHOOL-WIDE INSTRUCTIONAL & POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT ٭
How Do we Know if the school is truly Family- centered? Does the family ( including the youth ) feel like it is their meeting and their plan instead of feeling like they are attending a meeting the school or agency is having about them.
Engaging Families Always start with a conversation ( not a meeting) with the family, getting their trust and permission before talking with others. 5:1 (thanks to Blackwater Middle School, Horry County)
Raising Children Parents start with the basics, where their child is developmentally Parents show and tell their children how to “behave” Parents shape, encourage and praise as their children learn new behaviors Parents use other strategies to discourage inappropriate behaviors
Positive Behavior Support A focus on teaching behaviors vs. assuming a student knows the expected behaviors Directly teach behaviors, usually in the location the behaviors are needed A much greater emphasis on positive means of encouraging appropriate behaviors Traditional rules, with reinforcing and punishing consequences, are part of the system
Stop it! The “Big Ds” – Dangerous – Destructive – Disruptive – Disgusting – Developmentally inappropriate Getting a jump on our feelings about annoying behaviors Moving to useful and appropriate behaviors
PBIS is a focus on What To Do We focus on what we want the child to do, not what not to do The child is provided attention for appropriate behavior versus inappropriate behavior We identify and replicate factors in school or home that encourage appropriate behavior
Features of positive behavior support Behavior comes in patterns: when, where, with whom, under what circumstances Preventing problem behaviors works better than reacting Teaching new behavior skills is emphasized Encouraging positive behaviors is emphasized, while discouraging negative behaviors is still part of the plan
Example: Social Behaviors Necessary for Kindergarten as Reported by Teachers Following directions Following routines Experience within structured settings Working independently Working in a group Monitoring own behavior (Rimm-Kauffman, Pianta, & Cox 2000)
How do children gain these social behaviors from the home? By modeling the behavior of adults and older children By being provided a routine that is followed somewhat consistently By being provided explanations to decisions By being required to participate in family routines By being played with in a group By being allowed time alone to play By having their behavior corrected in a timely and appropriate manner By being told when they are doing something right!
PBIS and pbs Positive behavior supports – pbs – are effective when used with an individual. The emphasis is on positive, preventive skill building. Some schools used “school wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports” (PBIS) The book has good information that would be useful for a series of parent discussions on pbs.
Coordinating with PBIS Talk to your child’s teacher about the “school wide expectations” they use Look at the “sample behavior” charts Think about how to put together home charts based on the same expectations
School wide “expectations” character like traits that need behaviors to be seen Each school identifies 3-5 school wide expectations. The following are common examples. Respect others Respect yourself Respect property
School wide expectation classroomHallwayOfficeCafeteria Respect yourself Complete and turn in assignments Get where assigned Report to right person Use table manners Respect others Use an inside voice Keep to right, hands to self Sit or wait where assigned Clean your area Respect property Keep workspace neat & clean Keep hallway clean Return materials, e.g., pens Keep table and cafeteria clean
Home expectation KitchenFamily roomBedroomBathroom Respect yourselfwash your hands before meals Put personal items where they belong when you leave Go to bed in time for plenty of sleep Use soap and shampoo Respect othersShare each dish Talk and listen to others Be quiet at night Clean up after yourself Respect property Put away dirty dishes Keep feet on the floor Clean your room Put things back in their place
Application of PBIS in the Home: The Big Ideas Clearly defined and communicated expectations – Tell them exactly what you want them to do Frequent positive reinforcement for appropriate behavior – Catch ‘em being good Active supervision – Watch them closely and interact with them frequently Precorrect and intervene early – Nip the problem in the bud
Frequent positive reinforcement for appropriate behavior Look for opportunities to praise children Praise them specifically on what they do rather than who they are Praise children especially when they do something that is difficult for them Try to praise them at a 5 to 1 positive to negative interaction ratio
Active Supervision Watching and interacting with children while they are engaging in chores, play and other activities Communicate to them that you are aware of what is going on Communicate your interest in their activities by participating with them
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Making the Process Work For Families
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Clearly Define Visions And Expectations Our vision is a statement of purpose-who we feel we are as a family Expectations help guide actions and set limits for all family members
What is your vision of your family? What expectations do you have for your family? Activity: Family Vision and Expectations How will you communicate and teach these expectations to your family? In what ways might your expectations vary across circumstances? What do those expectations mean in terms of what your family members should and should not do?
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Organize Your Household Space and Time In a Way That Supports Family Interaction Organize your home so that everyone knows where to find items and what is expected in regard to household responsibilities. Structure schedules and routines in a way that works for the family and each knows what to expect..
Activity: Structuring the Home How can you organize your space to support your family expectations (encourage positive behavior and minimize problems? ____________________________________________________________________ How can you organize your time to support your family expectations? Overall schedule:______________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Timelines:____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Daily Routines:________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Develop Ways To Encourage Positive Behavior (Following Rules) and Discouraging Negative Behavior (Breaking Rules) eg: Follow Rules: 1)Providing praise and feedback for behavior 2)Linking privileges to appropriate behavior 3)Working rewards into the daily routine Breaking Rules: 1)For leaving house w/o permission, restriction w/in house 2)For whining/arguing, time-out in bedroom until willing to discuss or accept consequences 3)Fighting, family members separated until they calm down, differences must be resolved, a plan made if situation repeated
Activity: Responding to Behavior Family expectationsRewardsConsequences
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Identify Problem Routines and Make Changes To Improve Them Gather information Develop a plan Prevent Problems Replace Behavior Manage consequence
Activity: Problem-Solving Situations and Routines Situations:_______________________________________________________ What are the goals for your family (e.g. changes desired, behaviors of concern) during your family’s difficult situation? _______________________________________________________________ What patterns might be contributing to your behavior as a family during this routine? The circumstances associated with your best and worst time? _______________________________________________________________ The outcomes causing the patterns to continue: _______________________________________________________________ Given your understanding about the patterns surrounding problem routines, what strategies might you put in place to Prevent problems? _______________________________________________________________ Replace behavior? _______________________________________________________________ Manage Consequences? _______________________________________________________________
Integrating PBIS Into Family Life Making PBIS Work For Everyone Understand Behavior Be Proactive Teach Skills React Purposefully
Making PBIS Work for Everyone PBIS provides basic lessons to use in our daily lives. Understand behavior-remain open to other viewpoints, look for patterns in daily interactions (what, where, who when and why) Be Proactive-anticipate and prevent problems through the way you structure home and lives Teach Skills-We can view behavior problems as our children’s inappropriate ways of meeting their needs. We can therefore help them develop better ways of achieving those goals React Purposefully-the way we respond to others influences behavior, whether our actions are intentional or not, we can deliberately behave in ways that encourage positive behavior.
Planning for the future Your school can approach this topic two ways: – Improving family involvement in PBIS practices at school – Providing “PBIS at Home” discussion sessions for families Develop a school action plan for each Make sure to have a parent on your school leadership team And remember, “ALL is ALL!”
Helpful tools From a project in Horry County, the following tools are available at www.fedfamsc.org:www.fedfamsc.org – Assessment of family involvement and awareness of PBIS – Staff understanding of family involvement – Instructions for conducting focus groups – Two training tools to improve family involvement