Presentation on theme: "Respect and Responsibility - part 2"— Presentation transcript:
1 Respect and Responsibility - part 2 Drivers EdgeC U R R I C U L U MRespect and Responsibility - part 2Maintenance
2 Respect and Responsibility This lesson will focus upon respect for the environment as it relates to operating a vehicle.Let's begin with a respect for the environment -which means prudent maintenanceof your vehicle ...
3 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment
4 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment There are many things that you can do to keep your car in good condition, (and good for the environment) but there are some things that need to be left to mechanics.This lesson will focus upon things the average person, with a little knowledge and desire, can do to help maintain their car in good operating condition and protect the environment.
5 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment What You Can DoCheck your tire pressureRotate your tiresCheck and change your oilCheck and fill various fluid levelsReplace air filter, fusesChanging bulbs and lightsChange a flat tire, jump start a car
6 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Whatdo youknowaboutcheckingyouroil?To check your oil, first pop the hood.Find your dipstick, pull it out and wipe it off with a rag.Reinsert it. Then pull it back out and check the level of oil on the dipstick.Add oil if you are litre or (quart) more down from “full”Checking Your Oil
7 (an oil funnel will keep drips to a minimum) Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the EnvironmentAdding oilFirst locate the oil fill cap under the hood.Remove the oil fill cap.Add the proper type of oil according to the owners manual for your car.(an oil funnel will keep drips to a minimum)How often should youchange the oil?
8 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment When To Change Your OilAbout every miles or 3 monthsSee owners manual for specifics (also depends upon type of oil)Besure to properly dispose of used oil at appropriate recycle centers
9 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment To check and add brake fluid first locate the brake fluid reservoir under the hood.Whatdo youknowaboutcheckingthe brake fluid?Checking Brake FluidRemove the cap off the brake fluid reservoir.If the fluid level is under the minimum, add the recommended brake fluid to the reservoir.What are warningsof bad brakes?
10 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment If your brake warning light is on and your parking brake is not set then you may have a problem with your braking systemIf you notice a squealing noise when braking it could mean your brake pads are worn and need replacing.Bad Brakes warning
11 Checking Windshield Washer Fluid Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the EnvironmentChecking Windshield Washer FluidTo check your windshield washer fluid first locate the washer fluid reservoir.What is theusualcoloris thewindshieldwasher fluid?Then pop the cap off of the windshield washer fluid reservoir.If the fluid level is looking low top it off with washer fluid.
12 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment You should frequently check your temperature gauge while driving.Engine TemperatureIf your car begins to overheat, especially in hot weather you should turn on the heater and fan on high; if the engine temperature does not soon lower you should pull over and let your car cool down.Gauge reads hot
13 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Engine TemperatureAfter the engine has safely cooled down (it may be an hour) remove the radiator cap.If the fluid level is low add a 50/50 mix of anti-freeze and water.
14 Transmission fluid: check under car…back part of engine Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the EnvironmentKnow your fluidsPower steeringfluid: check systemWater: usuallycondensationIf you notice fluids under your car where it is normally parked, than you most likely have a leak which needs to be professionally checked out.Coolant: checkwater pump,radiator or hoseMotor oil: checkunder engineTransmission fluid: check undercar…back part of engine
15 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Changing air filterAir filters come in various shapes and sizes. It is recommended that they be changed about every 48,000 km (more frequently in dusty conditions)It’s usually a simple procedure of removing of a wing nut or some screws.Whatdo youknowaboutchangingan air filter?
16 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Fuses facilitate the various operations of the electrical system.Electrical malfunctions such as turn signals not functioning or the interior lights not working could be the result of a burned out fuse.Changing fusesWhatdo youknowaboutchanginga fuse?Check owners manual for fuse location and replace with same type.
17 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Changing bulbsIf the fuse is not the problem it could be a burned out bulb.It can be a simple or challenging procedure; see owners manual for bulb type.Best to bring old bulb with you to auto parts store.
18 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Major tune-ups: often require technical equipmentEngine problems: noises, fluid leaks; odors, broken belts, hoses, vibrationsTransmission problemsRotating tiresBrake jobsRadiator flushingAir conditioningExhaust / steering systemMost electrical problemsThings better left to professionals (unless you’ve had special training and have access to the proper equipment)
19 Other considerations Gasohol (ethanol) What do you know about ethanol Gasohol is a mixture of 90% gasoline and 10% ethanol.Ethanol is often made from corn by-products.Gasohol has a higher octane and anti-knock properties than gasoline.Gasohol burns slower and cooler than gasoline making it more economical and it results in reduced emissions.
20 Other considerations Gasohol (ethanol) Gasohol is more expensive and energy intensive to produce. Not suitable for all cars.It can damage rubber seals and diaphragms in cars that are not compatible with it.It is also toxic and corrosive; check owners manual to see if it is not recommended.
21 Your tire blows out… What do you do? Other considerationsChanging a tirePull off the road so that you are safely out of the flow of traffic.Try to stop on a straight part of the road, (onto the shoulder) so that passing traffic can see you from a distance.Turn on your hazard flashers.Your tire blows out… What do you do?In Motion magazine, a General Motors publication
22 Other considerations Changing a tire What tools are needed to change In order to change a tire, you need a jack. A jack is a hand-operated device used to lift and hold one corner or side of the car. You also need a lug wrench which should be provided with the spare tire.Safety Note: A car can slip off of a jack, so never put yourself in a position where the car could fall on you.
23 Other considerations Changing a tire Shift to Park Set the parking brakeBlock the wheel that is diagonally opposite the flat tire. Use a block of wood or a large rock to firmly secure the wheel.
24 Other considerations Changing a tire Take out spare tire, jack, and lug wrench. (they may be in the truck – consult owner’s manual for exact location)Position jack under the car according to instructions.Jack up the car high enough so the flat tire still touches the ground.
25 Remove the wheel cover or hubcap and loosen the lug nuts. Other considerationsChanging a tireRemove the wheel cover or hubcap and loosen the lug nuts.Some cars do not have hubcaps...consult your owner’s manual for proper instructions in removing the tire.
26 Jack up the car until the flat tire completely clears the ground. Other considerationsChanging a tireSometimes the lug nuts are tight and difficult to loosen…If you can't loosen them, try putting some of your weight on the lug wrench to loosen themYou will want the flat tire about 6 inches off the ground because the spare tire is fully inflated and will require more ground clearance.Jack up the car until the flat tire completely clears the ground.Use the lug wrench to completely remove the nuts and place them in the wheel cover.
27 Other considerations Changing a tire Removing the wheel It’s easiest to grab the tire at the 9 and 3 o’clock positions- Pull the wheel straight toward you, and off the car.
28 Other considerations Changing a tire Putting spare tire on Position the spare tire directly in front of the wheel well.Align the holes in the center of the spare tire with the bolts on the car.Lift the spare tire and position it on the threaded bolts.Push the tire onto the car until it cannot go any farther.Replace the lug nuts on the bolts and tighten them, but not too tight... just enough to hold the tire in place while you lower the car.Putting sparetire on
29 Other considerations Changing a tire Lower the car with the jack until the car is again resting on all four tiresAlternately tighten the lug nuts
30 Safety Note: Do not use the smaller spare tire for more than 80 km Other considerationsChanging a tireLower the car with the jack until the car is again resting on all four tires.Alternately tighten the lug nuts.412Lower the car and put on the wheel cover.3Safety Note: Do not use the smaller spare tire for more than 80 km
31 Other considerations Jump-starting a car What do you know about When a battery goes dead, your car will make no sound (or a clicking sound) when trying to start the engine. You can probably start the car by using jumper cables connected to a good battery of another vehicle.Safety Note: The good battery and dead battery must be of the same voltage. Also, do not try to charge a frozen battery because it might explode.
32 Other considerations Jump-starting a car Bring the two cars together so that the jumper cables can reach both batteries easily. Do not let the cars touch.Turn off the engine with each car in park with parking brake set.Do not smoke, create a spark or light a match near a battery.Make sure all battery terminals, are clean and free of corrosion. You can clean them with a wire brush or baking soda and water. (In an emergency, Coke also works)
33 - - Other considerations Jump-starting a car + + Dead Battery Identify each positive and negative terminal The positive should be marked + or red. The negative should be marked – or black.Securely clamp the positive jumper cable to the positive terminals on each battery.-+Good Battery
34 - - Other considerations Jump-starting a car + + Dead Battery Securely clamp one end of the negative jumper cable to the negative terminal of the good battery.-+EngineblockSecurely clamp the other end of the negative jumper cable to the engine block. DO NOT CLAMP THIS CABLE TO THE DEAD BATTERY’S NEGATIVE TERMINAL. IT MAY CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.Good BatterySafety Note: Keep jumper cables away from any moving parts.
35 - - Other considerations Jump-starting a car + + Dead Battery Start the engine in the vehicle with the good battery and let it idle for a few minutes.Turn on the headlights before starting the car with the low or dead battery. This absorbs voltage spikes that can cause damage to a vehicle's computer.-+EngineblockGood Battery
36 Other considerations Jump-starting a car 4 2 3 1 remove cables Start the engine in the vehicle with the low battery. After it starts, and is running smoothly, remove the cables in the reverse order they were put on.Once the vehicle has been successfully jump-started, allow the engine idle for about 30 minutes to recharge the battery.4231remove cablesSafety Note: Dispose of any cloth used to wipe battery parts because it may be contaminated with acid.
37 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Economical Operation Ecomonic BenefitsAvoid making fast starts and stops and cornering too fast. They are not only unsafe but increase the cost of operating and maintaining your vehicle by wasting fuel and wearing out tires and brakes. Also avoid unnecessary idling. You may also want to check into alternative fuels.Another thing you can do to save money is drive slower. Faster driving requires more fuel to get you the same distance. Obey speed limits and you will save fuel and reduce the risk to others.In addition to the above, anticipate when you will need to stop. Quick braking excessively wears your brakes and tires. Look ahead while you are driving so you can anticipate when you will need to stop and do so smoothly and gently. Also, planning your route in advance is cost effective.Periodic preventative maintenance will also lower your long-term operating cost by making your vehicle run more efficiently.
38 Drive Clean Emissions Testing Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the EnvironmentDrive Clean Emissions TestingWhatdo youknowaboutEmissionsTesting?Since cars are the largest cause of carbon monoxide pollution and smog, they need to be tested to pass emissions tests to keep our air clean. They are put on the hydrometer to measure emissions output during various driving simulations.Most passenger cars, vans, light trucks and sport utility vehicles in most states must pass a a vehicle emissions test.
39 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Disposal of Used Fluids / Batteries / Tires / CarsIf doing your own vehicle maintenance you are required to properly dispose of used fluids, batteries and tires at sites designated for these purposes. If utilizing a vehicle service center, these disposal issues are usually the responsibility of the service center. Check with local authorities for options in disposing of vehicles.
40 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Littering is against the lawNever litter…it’s disrespectful toward our environment and illegal…instead recycle.
41 Vehicle Maintenance & Respect for the Environment Planning safer & more efficient routesMaking the most of our fuel means consolidating trip and wise planning of routes as to avoid heavy traffic and unnecessary driving…utilizing the computer is often helpful in trip planning.
42 through driving refresher classes You must be aware that technology will change the way we drive in the future.There will also be changes in laws that you must keep current with. Also there are regulations that may differ in other jurisdictions and for other vehicles.You will also have to adjust as you age and compensate for diminishing abilities.Life-long learningcan be accomplishedthrough driving refresher classesBecoming a competent driver is a life-long learning experience, your Driver Education is just a beginning.Let's now think more aboutcooperative drivingand sharing the road
44 4) True or False: ________Because of the possibility of 1) To check your oil, first find the ___________. If you are down ________ or more add enough to bring it to full line.dipstick1 quart2) You should change your oil according to the owners manual recommendations, usually every _________miles.3) If you hear a squealing metal sound when applying the brakes, it may mean that its time for a ________________brake jobTrue4) True or False: ________Because of the possibility offreezing, using water it is not recommended as awindshield washer.5) If you notice fluid leakage under the car (other than water) you should get it checked out by ______________.professionals6) Perhaps the easiest vehicle maintenance is changing the ____________air filter
45 8) Although ethanol is compatible with most 7) Correcting an electrical malfunction such as lights not working, may be easily corrected by changing a _____fuse8) Although ethanol is compatible with mostengines, be sure to check your ____________owners manual9) Since cars are the largest cause of carbon monoxidepollution and smog, they need to pass _____________emmission tests10) True or False: If your battery is dead it might still bepossible to start it with the use of jumper cables._____True11) When bringing the two vehicles close together, besure that they do not ________ each other.touch
46 12) The good battery and the dead battery must be of the same _____________ before attempting the jumpstart.voltage13) Begin by securing the _________ jumper cable to thepositive terminals on each battery.positive14) True or False: Connect the negative terminals of eachbattery to each other. _______False15) After starting the car, disconnect the cables in the______________ order that you connected them.opposite