2 CHAPTER 19 Vehicle Readiness STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 19 LESSON 1Checking Your VehicleA. For each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space below.1. You should check the engine oil level only when the engine is running.False - You should check the engine oil level when the engine is not running.2. The radiator cap should be opened only when the radiator is cool.True3. A fan belt should be replaced every 5000 miles.False - A cracked or frayed fan belt should be replaced soon as possible.4. Your vehicle’s brake warning light will make you aware of any brake problems the vehicle may have.False - The brake warning light will make you aware of some, not all, brake problems.5. Brakes should be tested once a month.False - You should check your brakes every time you begin driving your vehicle.
3 6. You should check your vehicle’s headlights and turn signals every week. False - You should test your headlights and turn signal every time you drive your vehicle.7. You can’t know the specific guidelines for servicing your vehicle.False - Specific guidelines for servicing your vehicle can be found in its owner’s manual.8. You should ask a mechanic for an estimate before work begins on your vehicle.True9. With newer vehicles, many repairs are covered under the vehicle’s warranty.10. You should check your vehicle’s battery cables to make sure that they are not too tight.False - You should check battery cables to make sure that they are not loose.B. FIND OUT MORE. FIND OUT MORE. Talk to someone who owns a vehicle and ask them for some basic vehicle maintenance tips. What items do they check or have checked annually to keep their vehicle in good running condition?Check the battery terminals, oil level, transmission fluid level, coolant level, hoses, wires, and fan belts.
4 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 19 LESSON 2 Maintaining Vehicle SystemsMatch the following terms by placing the letter of the definition or the description of what the item does to the left of the item.1. coolant a. protects vehicle’s electrical circuits from overloading2. exhaust manifold b. pumps coolant through radiator and engine3. muffler c. collects unburned gasses4. tailpipe d. another name for alternator5 catalytic converter e. mixture of water and antifreeze6 caibon monoxide I. key is used here to start vehicle7 battery g. supplies electricity needed to keep engine running8 igmtion switch h. quiets engine noise9 alternator i. moves oil to all moving engine parts10 engine control module j. controls flow of coolant11 generator k. where exhaust gases exit vehicle12 fuse I. an odorless deadly gas13 oil pump m. controls electric and other vehicle systems14 water pump n. reduces harmful gas emissions15 thermostat o. provides energy to start the engineB. FIND OUT MORE:If you sell your car in New Jersey and do not buy another, what should you do with the license plates?echknlofgmdaibj
5 Study Guide for Chapter 19 Lesson 3 Suspension, Steering, Brakes, and TiresA. For each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space below.1. The main parts of a suspension system are the springs and the tires.False - The main parts of a suspension system are the springs and the shock absorbers.2. Springs are designed to soften the impact of bumps in the roadway.True3. Tire tread depth should be at least 1/26 inch.False - Tire tread depth should be no less than 1/I6 inch.4. Your vehicle’s tires should be rotated at least every 5000 to 6000 miles.5. There should be no more than two inches of play in the steering wheel if your vehicle has power steering.False - There should be no play at all in the steering wheel if the vehicle has power steering.
6 Study Guide for Chapter 19 Lesson 3 Suspension, Steering, Brakes, and Tires (c0ntinued)B. There are several clues that a vehicle’s front end is out of alignment or that the fires need balancing. What are they?The steering wheel vibrates or is hard to turn, the front end wobbles, the car pulls to one side, the vehicle bounces too much after going over a bump, and tire treads wear unevenly.FIND OUT MORE. Ask somebody you know who has a vehicle if you may inspect their tires. What did you check for, and what did you find?Check tread depth and wear; Check tire pressure (PSI)
7 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 19 LESSON 4 Child Safety SeatsFor each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false.Correct each false statement in the space below.1. When traveling in a vehicle, children of all ages should wear a safety belt.False – Children under the age of four should be secured in child safety seats.All50 states require that children under the age of four be secured in child safety seat.True3. Rear-facing child safety seats are designed for infants who weigh less than 20 pounds.A rear-facing child safety seat should be placed in front of an airbag for added security.False - Never place a child safety5. A convertible child safety seat is designed for infants who weigh more than 20 pounds.6. Children over one year old and weighing more than 20 pounds should ride in a forward- facing child safety seat.
8 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 19 LESSON 4 Child Safety Seats (continued)7. Booster seats position younger children so that seat belts fit correctly.True8. A lap belt should be positioned across a child’s stomach.False - A lap belt should rest low across a child’s pelvis or hip area.9. Children are safest in the front seat of a vehicle.False - Children are safest in the back seat of a vehicle.An adult seat belt will not properly fit children until they are at least 4’9” and weigh about 80 pounds.B. FIND OUT MORE. Go to your state’s DMV Web site or your local library. Look up any information that you can find on injury prevention and child safety seats. Write what you find below.Child Passenger Safety Law (New Jersey) SummaryNew Jersey’s law requires children ages 7 & under who weigh less than 80 pounds to be secured in a child passenger restraint system or booster seat in a rear seat.