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Occlusal radiography. Terminology and classification I.Maxillary occlusal projections  Upper standard occlusal (standard occlusal)  Upper oblique occlusal.

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Presentation on theme: "Occlusal radiography. Terminology and classification I.Maxillary occlusal projections  Upper standard occlusal (standard occlusal)  Upper oblique occlusal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Occlusal radiography

2 Terminology and classification I.Maxillary occlusal projections  Upper standard occlusal (standard occlusal)  Upper oblique occlusal (oblique occlusal)  Vertex occlusal (vertex occlusal)

3 II.Mandibular occlusal projections  Lower 90 degrees occlusal (true occlusal)  Lower 45 degrees occlusal (standard occlusal)  Lower oblique occlusal (oblique occlusal)

4 Standard maxillary occlusal

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6 Main clinical indications  Periapical assessment of the upper anterior teeth in patients unable to tolerate periapical films  Detecting the presence of unerupted canines, supernumeraries and odontomes  As the midline view, when using the parallax method for determining the bucco/palatal position of unerupted canines

7  Evaluation of the size and extent of lesions such as cysts or tumors in the anterior maxilla  Assessment of fractures of the anterior teeth and alveolar bone, especially useful for children

8 Upper oblique occlusal

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10 Main clinical indications  Periapical assessment of the upper posterior teeth, especially in adults unable to tolerate posterior periapical films  Evaluation of the size and extent of lesions in the posterior maxilla  Assessment of the condition of the antral floor

11  Determination of the position of roots displaced inadvertently into the antrum during attempted extraction of upper posterior teeth  Assessment of fractures of the posterior teeth and associated alveolar bone including the tuberosity

12  Clinical indications- assessment of the bucco/palatal position unerupted canines  Disadvantages: - There is a lack of detail and contrast on the film because of the intensifying screens, the mass of tissues the X-ray beam has to penetrate and the consequent scatter

13 Disadvantages  The primary X-ray beam may be in direct line with the reproductive organs  A relatively long exposure time is needed (about 1 second) despite the use of intensifying screens (about 1 second) despite the use of intensifying screens  There is direct radiation to the pituitary gland and the lens of the eye  If the X-ray beam is positioned too far anteriorly, superimposition of the shadow of the frontal bones may obscure the anterior part of the maxilla

14 Lower 90 degrees occlusal

15 Main clinical indications  Detection of the presence and position of radiopaque calculi in the submandibular salivary ducts  Assessment of the bucco/lingual position of unerupted mandibular teeth  Evaluation of the bucco/lingual expansion of the body of the mandible by cysts, tumours or osteodystrophies  Assessment of displacement fractures of the anterior body of the mandible in the horizontal plane

16 Lower 45 degrees occlusal

17 Main clinical indications  Periapical assessment of the lower incisor teeth, especially useful in adults and children unable to tolerate periapical films  Evaluation of the size and extent of lesions in the anterior part of the mandible  Assessment of displacement fractures of the anterior mandible in the vertical plane

18 Lower oblique occlusal

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20 Main indications  Detection of radiopaque calculi in a submandibular salivary gland  Assessment of the bucco/lingual position of impacted lower wisdom teeth  Evaluation of the extent and expansion of lesions in the posterior mandible


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