8Frequency of Impacted Teeth Mandibular third molars.Maxillary third molars.Maxillary canines.Mandibular premolars.Mandibular third canines.Maxillary premolars.Maxillary central incisors.Mandibular lateral incisors.
12Problems Caused by Impacted Teeth InfectionsCariesPathological resorptionEnlarged follicular spaceAssociation with cysticAssociation with neoplasm57%20%6%4%2%0.5%
13Problems Caused by Impacted Teeth Involvement in a fractureCausing malposition of adjacent teethCausing impaction of adjacent teethCausing crowding of the lower anteriorsCausing no apparent problems1%3%4%8%
14Impacted Teeth Indications for operation Pain. Orthodontic conditions. Association with path. lesions.Patient travelling.Young patients.Before constructing dentures.
18Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Clinical and radiological examinationsState of eruption.Pericoronal tissues.Second molar and the impacted tooth.Classification of impaction.Relation to important anatomical structures.Possibility of jaw fracture.Difficult access to the field.
19Impacted Lower Third Molar ClassificationRelation of tooth to the ramus and the second molarClass I.Class II.Class III.
20Impacted Lower Third Molar ClassificationState of eruptionErupted.Unerupted.Partially erupted.
21Impacted Lower Third Molar ClassificationAngulation and positionVertical.Mesioangular.Distoangular.Horizontal.Transverse displacement.Aberrant position.
50Surgical Technique for Removal of Impacted Maxillary Third Molar Soft tissue flap, buccal or palatal.Removal of overlying bone.Removal of the tooth.Debridement and closure of wound.Postoperative care.
54Impacted Maxillary Canine Archer's ClassificationClass 1: In the palatel.Class 2: In the buccal surface.Class 3: In both palatal and in a labial sides.Class 4: In the alvelous.Class 5: In the edentulous maxilla.
55Impacted Maxillary Canine Localized Impacted Canine1. Clinical examinationBulge.Deflection of related teeth.
56Impacted Maxillary Canine Localized Impacted Canine2. Radiological examinationa. Intra-oral. d. Steroscopic.b. Occlusal. e. Tomograms.c. Shift-sketch. f. OPT and extra oral.
61Factors Complicating the Removal of The Impacted Canine (Localized Impacted Canine)Close relation to the neighbouring teeth.Maxillary sinus approximation.Nasal cavity approx.Big and curved roots.Difficult to localize.
62Impacted Maxillary Canine Management ofImpacted Maxillary CanineSurgical removal.Exposure of the canine for orthodontic treatment.Repositioning reimplantation.
63Impacted Maxillary Canine Surgical removal ofImpacted Maxillary CanineRemoval of palatally impacted canine.Removal from labial position.Removal from interemediate position.Removal from edentulous ridge.Removal from unusual position.