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SS6G1: The student will be able to locate selected features of Latin America and the Caribbean SS6G2: The student will discuss environmental issues in.

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Presentation on theme: "SS6G1: The student will be able to locate selected features of Latin America and the Caribbean SS6G2: The student will discuss environmental issues in."— Presentation transcript:

1 SS6G1: The student will be able to locate selected features of Latin America and the Caribbean SS6G2: The student will discuss environmental issues in Latin America and the Caribbean SS6G3: The student will explain the impact of location, climate, natural resources, and population distribution on Latin America and the Caribbean

2  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Amazon River, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Pacific Ocean, Panama Canal, Andes Mountains, Sierra Madre Mountains, and Atacama Desert  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Haiti, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela  Compare how the location, climate, and natural resources of Mexico and Venezuela affect where people live and how they trade  Compare how the location, climate, and natural resources of Brazil and Cuba affect where people live and how they trade  Explain the major environmental concerns of Latin America regarding the issues of air pollution in Mexico City, Mexico, the destruction of the rain forest in Brazil, and oil-related pollution in Venezuela

3  How does the physical geography of Latin America and the Caribbean affect where people live?  What is the impact of development and trade on the environment? (air pollution in Mexico City destruction of rain forests in Brazil, and oil- related pollution in Venezuela)  How has the physical geography and distribution of resources influenced how people have lived in Latin America?  How has the distribution of natural resources affected the economies of the Caribbean?  What are the major physical features of Latin America and the Caribbean, and where are they located on a map?  What are the major countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, and where are they located on a map?  How do the factors of climate, access to water, and natural resources affect where Latin America and the Caribbean choose to live and work?  Why is this region known as Latin America?

4  Latin America is made up of countries in central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and the continent of South America  Latin America contains many key physical features:  Rivers ▪ Amazon River  Major water bodies ▪ Pacific Ocean ▪ Caribbean Sea ▪ Gulf of Mexico ▪ Panama Canal  Mountains ▪ Andes Mountains ▪ Sierra Madre Mountains  Other landforms ▪ Atacama Desert

5  Bolivia  Brazil  Colombia  Cuba  Haiti  Mexico  Panama  Venezuela  Other countries include: Peru, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Chile, Honduras, Ecuador, Uruguay and Dominican Republic

6 MAP OF LATIN AMERICA

7 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA  Oil Pollution  In Venezuela, oil pollution is a major issue  Venezuela gets money from selling oil  Their largest lake, Lake Maracaibo, is polluted often and shuts down tourism to the lake  The oil spills kill fish, harm animals, and takes money away from the fishing industry  Many in the Venezuelan government are working to help stop this problem

8 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA  Amazon Rainforest  In Brazil, the rainforest has long provided many rare plants and animals  The forest is being destroyed due to road building, farmers cutting down trees for crops, cattle ranchers and logging  Many of the animals are becoming extinct and the soil is being ruined for crops  The Brazilian government is working to set aside areas for preservation and to plant new trees

9  Air Pollution  Mexico has high problems with air pollution and Mexico City is one of the most polluted cities in the world  The causes are emissions from vehicles and factories  Mountains block the wind from blowing the toxic air out the atmosphere  The city promotes public transportation, subways and carpooling to help the problem

10  Mexico  Location ▪ Located south of the United States on the continent of North America  Climate ▪ Mixture of dry climates due to deserts and tropical climates in the south ▪ Little rainfall for farming  Natural Resources ▪ Silver, copper, lead, iron and oil  Population Distribution ▪ Most Mexicans live in urban areas ▪ Many live in towns close to the U.S. for work  Trade ▪ Mexico mostly exports to the United States ▪ Exports include oil, fruits and vegetables

11  Venezuela  Location ▪ Located in South America  Climate ▪ Hot and humid, but cool in the mountains ▪ Has a regular rainy season  Natural Resources ▪ Oil  Population Distribution ▪ Most people live along the coast and near the mountain valleys ▪ Most people live in cities and towns  Trade ▪ Exports oil to the U.S., Brazil and Colombia ▪ Imports food due to low agriculture

12  Brazil  Location ▪ On the eastern part of South America ▪ Largest country in South America  Climate ▪ Warm and humid climate  Natural Resources ▪ Iron ore, agriculture  Population Distribution ▪ Most people live near the Atlantic coast and in cities  Trade ▪ Brazil trades mostly with the U.S. and Argentina ▪ Exports include coffee, sugarcane and oranges

13  Cuba  Location ▪ Located below Florida ▪ Largest island in the West Indies  Climate ▪ Semi tropical, good rainfall and moderate temperatures  Natural Resources ▪ Farming  Population Distribution ▪ Most live in towns and cities ▪ Poorer people live and work on farms  Trade ▪ Does not trade with U.S. due to an embargo ▪ Trades with China and Venezuela ▪ Exports sugar, tobacco, nickel and fish


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