2Land - Desert Atacama Desert Driest non-Arctic desert in the world 1 mm of rain per yearAverage daily temperature is from 32º-68º FSimilar to the surface of Mars
3Land – Andes Mountains Andes Mountains Run along the Pacific Coast Longest mountain chain in the world (4,500 miles)2nd highest mountain ranges in the world (Himalayas are #1)Soil is extremely rich and fertile, good for farming
4Land – Amazon Basin Amazon River Basin A large area completely surrounded by higher ground (similar to a valley)Contains the largest tropical rainforest in the world
5Land - Highlands Brazilian Highlands Largest highland area in South America
6Land - Patagonia Patagonia Large area of plains located in southern Argentina
7Land South America has two countries that are landlocked Bolivia and ParaguayLandlockedSurrounded on all sides by land with no access to the oceanHow does this affect trade in these countries?
8Water - Borders East – Atlantic Ocean West – Pacific Ocean North – Caribbean Sea
9Water - Lakes Lake Titicaca Highest commercially navigable lake in the world
10Water - Rivers Amazon River 2nd largest river in the world Carries more water than any other river in the worldContains 20% of all fresh water in the worldServes as a major trade route inland and creates fertile land
11Water - Rivers Negro River Tributary of the Amazon Largest black water river in the worldDeep, slow-moving channel that flows through forested swamps and wetlands. The color results from the leaching of tannins from the decaying leaves of adjoining vegetation.
12Climate Varies greatly because of the size of the continent (8 zones) Most of South America has a tropical climateVaries greatly because of the size of the continent (8 zones)Below 0º in the Andes and over 80º in the Amazon BasinReceives over 118” of rain in the Amazon Basin each year
17Valuable VenezuelaLocation, climate and natural resources affect where people live and work.Physical Features . . .Coastline gives them easy access to trade wMountains, grassy plains & tropical junglesClimate in Venezuela . . .Hot and humid – just north of the equatorCooler in the Andes MountainsRainyMajor natural resource Oil
18Where do people choose to live? Along the coast of the Caribbean Sea and nearby mountain valleysMostly urban areas – 88%Many people work in the rich oil industry.Large middle class – but also large amounts of poverty
19Environmental Issues Oil-related pollution – Venezuela Water pollution along both coasts and Lake MaracaiboSevere deforestation, oil spills and air pollutionOil spills have hurt the fishing industry and closed tourist resortsOil is main source of income, so people are motivated to keep drilling, producing, and burning oil…and polluting.
20I’ll Trade with You! Venezuela . . . . Oil products are the government’s main source of revenueMajor trading partners are its neighborsUSA, Brazil and ColombiaUSA provides much of Venezuela’s food imports since agriculture isn’t a strong industry there.
21Where do people choose to live? Most live near the Atlantic coast in urban areas . . .Amazon Rainforest used to be sparsely populated, BUT . . .Government built the Trans-Amazon Highway to connect the coast to Peru.New capital – Brasilia – was established just south of the Amazon BasinTourism to the Amazon Rainforest has also increasedDevelopment in the Amazon is controversial WHY?
22Environmental IssuesDestruction of rainforests in Brazil…
23Trade in Brazil?Brazil is the largest country on South America Highest population Healthiest economyKey location along the Atlantic Ocean . . .Allows shipment of goods around the worldTop 2 trading partners USA and ArgentinaAgricultural Products . . .Sugarcane and orangesCoffee – world’s largest producer