Presentation on theme: "Class 1~2: Herbs and Formulas that Extinguish Wind"— Presentation transcript:
1 Class 1~2: Herbs and Formulas that Extinguish Wind Xianhui Li
2 Herbs that Extinguish Wind Cornus Saigae Tataricae (Ling yang jiao)Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis (Gou teng)Rhizoma Gastrodiae (Tian ma)Fructus Tribuli (Bai ji li)Concha Haliotidis (Shi jue ming)*Lumbricus (Di long)Buthus martensi (Quan xie)Scolopendra (Wu gong)Bombyx Batryticatus (Jiang can)
3 Cornus Saigae Tataricae (Ling yang jiao) Taste and property: Salty and coldMeridian Tropism: Liver and heartActions: Calm the endogenous wind, clearing liver heat to improve eyesights, clearing heat and removing toxic materialsApplication:Convulsion due to epilepsy or other diseases: This herb is an important herb for convulsion due to endogenous wind. It can also clear heat, so often used to treat high fever with convulsion. Often used with Gou teng, Ju Hua and Sheng Di, i.e. Ling Yang Gou teng TangDizziness and vertigo due to hyperactivity of liver yang: Used with Ju Hua and Shi Jue MingHeadache and red eyes due to flaring up of the liver fire, used with Jue Ming Zi, Huang Qin and Long Dan Cao, i.e. Ling Yang Jiao SanHigh fever, coma, delirium and mania in epidemic febrile diseases, used with Shi Gao, Xi Jiao, i.e. Zi Xue DanDosage: 1-3g. Powder: g
6 Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis (Gou teng) Taste and Property: Sweet and slightly coldMeridian Tropism: LV, PCActions: Calm endogenous wind to relieve convulsion, clear liver heat and calm hyperactive liver yangApplication:Convulsion: Used with Tian ma, Shi Jue Ming and Quan XieHeadache, distending pain in the head due to heat in the liver meridian or dizziness, and vertigo due to hyperactivity of the liver yang, used with Xia Ku Cao, Huang QinHypertension: This is a very effective herb for hypertension due to liver heatDosage: 10-15g. Not decocted long
8 Rhizoma Gastrodiae (Tian ma) Taste and Property: Sweet and neutralMeridian tropism: LiverActions: Calm endogenous wind, relieve convulsion, suppress hyperactive liver yangApplication:Convulsion due to endogenous wind: This herb can be used for both cold or heat patternsInfantile convulsion: Used with Gou Teng, Ling Yang Jiao and Quan XieChronic infantile convulsion: Used with Ren Shen, Bai Zhu and Jiang Cang, i.e Xing Pi SanSpasm in tetanus: Dan Nan Xing, Fang Feng and Bai Zhu, Yu Zhen SanHyperactivity of the liver yang marked by dizziness and headache: Used with Gou Teng, Huang Qin and Niu Xi—Tian Ma Gou Teng Yin, Dizziness due to up-stirring of wind phlegm—Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tan, for migraine, used with chuan xiong, i.e. tian ma wanDisperse wind dampness and relieve arthralgia—used with Qin Jiao, Qiang Huo, Niu Xi and Sang Ji ShengDosage: 3-10g. Powder: 1-1.5g
11 Fructus Tribuli (Bai ji li) Taste and Property: Acrid, bitter and neutralMeridian tropism: LiverActions: Calms the liver and anchors the yang, breaks up stagnation of qi and blood, expels wind, brightens the eyesApplication:For headache, vertigo, or dizziness from ascendant liver yang, used with gou teng, zhen zhu mu, niu xiFor pain and distention in the chest or flanks, irregular menstruation, or insufficient lactation, from constrained liver qi, used with chai hu, xiang fu, qing piFor red, swollen and painful eyes as well as increased tearing, used with ju hua, jue ming zi, gan caoFor any kind of skin lesion with significant itching, such as hives, used with chan tui, fang fengDosage: 6-15g
13 Concha Haliotidis (Shi jue ming) Taste and Property: Salty and coldMeridian: LiverActions: Suppress the liver, calm yang, clear liver and improve eyesightApplications:Dizziness and vertigo:Dizziness due to hyperactivity of the liver yang, used with Sheng Di, Bai Shao and Mu LiThat caused by hyperactivity with heat manifestations-used with Xia Ku Cao, Gou teng and Ju HuaRedness, swelling and pain of eyes, nebula and blurred vision: This is one of the most important herb for clearing liver heat and improving eyesight, used with Jue Ming Zi and Ju Hua. For nebula, used with Mi Meng Hua and Gu Jing Cao. For blurred vision due to liver blood deficiency, used with Tu Si Zi and Shu Di, i.e. Shi Jue Ming WanDosage: 15-30g. Decocted first in the form of decoctionnebula n. 星云,云翳 [<<词的变形>>:(复数: -lae)]
15 Di long (Earthworm) Taste and Property: salty, cold Meridian tropism: urinary bladder, liver, lung and spleenActions: drains heat, extinguishes wind, stops spasms and convulsions; calms wheezing; unblocks the collaterals; facilitates urinationApplications:For extremely high fever leading to changes in consciousness, incoherent speech, convulsions and seizures, used with gou teng, bai jiang can, or with huang qi, dang gui, chuang xiong, bu yang huan wu tangFor swollen and painful joints with reduced range of motion, used with han fang ji, qin jiaoFor wheezing, especially due to lung heat, used with ma huang, xing renFor hot painful urinary dribbling, edema, used with che qian zi, mu tongFor hypertention: used with huang qin, xia ku cao, shi jue mingDosage: g
17 Buthus martensi (Quan xie) Taste and Property: Pungent, neutral and toxicMeridian tropism: LiverActions: Calm wind to relieve convulsion, detoxicate, dissipate nodules, remove obstruction from collpaterals to relieve painApplicationsAcute or chronic convulsion, facial paralysis in stroke and convulsion in tetanus: Used with Wu Gong in powder, i.e. Zhi Jing SanInfantile acute convulsion: with Tian ma, Gou Teng and Shan Yang JiaoChronic convulsion due to spleen deficiency: With Dang Shen, Bai Zhu and Tian MaDeviation of eyes and mouth: With Bai Fu Zi and Jiang cang, Qian Zhen SanTetanus: Wth Tian nan Xing and Chan Tui, Wu Hu Zhui Feng SanCarbuncles or scrofula: It is a commonly used herb for detoxicating, dissipating nodules and removing obstruction from collaterals and relieving painIntractable headache or arthralgia: Used alone in powder or with Wu Gong and Jiang CanDosage: 2-5g. In powder 0.6-1gAttention: Over dosage should be avoided. Not suggested for endogenous wind due to blood deficiency
19 Scolopendra (Wu gong) Taste and Property: Acrid, warm and toxic Meridian tropism: LiverActions: Calm wind to relieve convulsion, detoxicate, dissipate nodules, unblocks collaterals to relieve painApplicationsFor acute or chronic convulsion, opisthotonos, lockjaw, and seizures, used with quan xie in powder, i.e. Zhi Jing SanUsed topically for toxic nodules in general including sores, carbunckes, and neck lumps, also used for poisonous snakebite, used with gan cao togetherFor stubborn headache and painful obstruction, used with du huo, wei ling xianDosage: 1-3g. In powder 0.6-1gAttention: Over dosage should be avoided. Not suggested for pregnancy
21 Bombyx Batryticatus (Jiang can) Taste and Property: Salty, pungent and neutralMeridian Tropism: Liver and lungActions: Calm the wind to relieve convulsion, disperse wind to relieve pain and detoxicating and dissipating nodulesApplications:Convulsion or epilepsy due to endogenous wind or exuebrance of phlegm heat, used with Quan Xie, Tian Ma and Dan Nan Xing, i.e. Qian Jin San. For convulsion due to spleen deficiency, used with Dang Shen, bai Zhu, Tian Ma, i.e. Xing Pi SanHeadache, red eyes, sore throat or toothache due to wind heat or liver heatHeadache due to wind heat marked by tearing on exposing to wind, with Jing Jie, Sang Ye and Mu Zei, i.e. Bai Jiang Can SanSore throat due to wind heat, with Jie Geng, Fang feng, Gan Cao, ie. Liu Wei tangScrofula, furuncle, erysipelas, etc, used with Zhe Bei Mu, Xia Ku Cao and Lian QiaoDisperse wind to relieve itching, used with Bo He and Chan Tui for urticariaDosage: 3-10g or 1-1.5g in powder. Used raw for dispersing wind heat.
23 Formulas that Extinguish Wind Formulas that release wind from the skin and channelsEliminate Wind Powder from True Lineage (xiao feng san)Minor Invigorate the Collaterals Special Pill (xiao huo luo dan)Lead to Symmetry Powder (qian zheng san)Formulas that extinguish internal windSedate the Liver and Extinguish Wind Decoction (zhen gan xi feng tang)Antelope Horn and Uncaria Decoction (ling jiao gou teng tang)Gastrodia and Uncaria Decoction (tian ma gou teng yin)
24 Eliminate Wind Powder from True Lineage (xiao feng san) Ingredients: Jing jie, Fang feng, Niu bang zi, Chan tui, Cang zhu, Ku shen, Mu tong, Shi gao, Zhi mu, Sheng di huang, Dang gui, Hei zhi ma, Gan cao
25 Actions and indications of the formula Disperse wind, eliminate dampness, clear heat and cool blood.IndicationsWeepy, itchy, red skin lesions over a large part of the body, a white or yellow tongue coating, and a forceful, floating, and rapid pulse.weepy adj. 要哭的,眼泪汪汪的n. 使人哭的小说 [her ~ eyes 她泪汪汪的眼睛<<词的变形>>:(weepier; -iest)]
26 Analysis of Formula Chief: Jing jie, Fang feng, Niu bang zi, Chan dui unblock the interstices and pores, and disperse external wind.Depute: Cang zhu, ku shen, mu tong:drain damp heat through the urineShi gao, Zhi mu: clear heat from Qi level.Assistant:Sheng di huang: cool bloodDang gui, Hei zhi ma:nourish blood and moistenEnvoy: Gan caoclear heat, relieve toxicity and harmonize the action of other herbs.
27 Modern application and attentions Urticaria, eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, tinea infectionAttentions:Can be taken orally or applied topicallyShould not be used for marked qi or blood deficiencyeczema n. 湿疹 [n. 湿疹]psoriasis n. 『医』干癣; 鳞癣; 牛皮癣 [n. 『医』干癣; 鳞癣; 牛皮癣]tinea n. 癣 [n. 癣]
28 Minor Invigorate the Collaterals Special Pill (xiao huo luo dan) Ingredients: Zhi cao wu, Zhi chuan wu, Tian nan xing, Mo yao, Ru xiang, Di long
29 Actions and indications of the formula Invigorate blood, unblock the collaterals, dispel wind dampness and transform phlegm.IndicationsPain, weakness and numbness due to obstruction of wind, fixed or migrating pain in the bones and joints with reduced range of motion due to wind, cold and dampness. Pain and cold is the predominant factor. The tongue coating is white and moist
30 Analysis of Formula Chief: Zhi cao wu, Zhi chuan wu strongly warming the channelsDepute: Tian nan xingstrongly expel wind and scour out phlegm.Assistant: Ru xiang, Mo yaoinvigorate blood and relieve painEnvoy: Di longopen the collaterals and invigorate the blood .
31 Modern application and attentions Hemiplegia, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and peripheral nervous disordersAttentions:This formula is only used for patient with strong constitution. It is contraindicated for patients with yin deficiency or during pregnancy
32 Lead to Symmetry Powder (qian zheng san) Ingredients: Bai fu zi, Jiang can, Quan xie
33 Actions and indications of the formula Dispel wind, transform phlegm, and stop spasm.IndicationsSudden facial paralysis with deviation of the eyes and mouth and facial muscle twitch.
34 Analysis of Formula Chief: Bai fu zi Depute: Jiang can dispel wind and transform phlegmDepute: Jiang canextinguish internal wind.Assistant: Quan xieextinguish wind and stop spasm
35 Modern application and attentions Sequela of cerbrovascular accident, Bell’s palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, peripheral neuritis.Attentions:This formula is only used for patient with strong constitution. It is contraindicated for patients with yin deficiency or during pregnancy
36 Sedate the Liver and Extinguish Wind Decoction (zhen gan xi feng tang) Ingredients: Huai niu xi 30g, Dai zhe shi 30g, Long gu 15g, Mu li 15g, Gui ban 15g, Xuan shen 15g, Tian men dong 15g, Bai shao 15g, Yin chen hao 6g, Chuan lian zi 6g, Mai ya 6g, Gan cao 4.5g
37 Actions and indications of the formula Sedate the liver, extinguish wind, nourish yin and anchor yang.IndicationsDizziness, vertigo, a feeling of distention in the eyes, tinnitus, feverish sensation in the head, headache, irritability, flushed face, and a wiry, forceful pulse.
38 Analysis of Formula Chief: Huai niu xi Depute: Assistants: conduct the circulation of blood downwardDepute:dai zhe shi: direct qi downward and control its rebelliousness. Calm the liver and anchor the yang.Long gu, Mu li: sedate liver, extinguish wind, anchor yang and direct rebellious qi downward.Assistants:Gui ban, Tian dong, Xuan shen, Bai shao: nourish yin and fluids, control yangYin chen hao, chuan lian zi, mai ya: clear and drain the excessive liver yang, soother the liverEnvoy: Gan caoharmonize stomach and the action of other herbs.
39 Modern application and attentions hypertension, hypertensive encephalopathy, epilepsy, cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebrovascular accident.Attentions:Not suitable for spleen qi deficiency.
40 Antelope Horn and Uncaria Decoction (ling jiao gou teng tang) Ingredients: Ling yang jiao 4.5g, Gou teng 9g, Sang ye 6g, Ju hua 9g, Bai shao 9g, Sheng di huang 15g, Chuan bei mu 12g, Zhu ru 15g, Fu shen 9g, Gan cao 2.4g
41 Actions and indications of the formula Cool the liver, extinguish wind, increase fluids and relax the sinews.IndicationsPersistent high fever, irritability, restlessness, dizziness, vertigo, twitching and spasm of extremities, red dry tongue with prickles, a wiry and rapid pulse.
42 Analysis of Formula Chief: Ling yang jiao, Gou teng Depute: Assistant: pacify the liver, extinguish wind and clear heatDepute:Sang ye, Ju hua: dispel wind and clear heat.Assistant:Bai shao, Sheng di huang: nourish yin and fluids, soften liver and relax the sinews.Bei mu, zhu ru: clear heat and transform the phlegmFu shen: calm down the spiritEnvoy: Gan caoharmonize the action of other herbs. Strengthen yin, relax the sinews.
43 Modern application and attentions hypertension, hypertensive encephalopathy, encephalitis, meningitis, puerperal convulsionsAttentions:Contraindicated in cases due to with wind due to internal deficiency.
44 Gastrodia and Uncaria Decoction (tian ma gou teng yin) Ingredients: Tian ma, Gou teng, Shi jue ming, Zhi zi, Huang qin, Yi mu cao, Chuan niu xi, Du zhong, Sang ji sheng, Ye jiao teng, Fu shen
45 Actions and indications of the formula Sedate the liver, extinguish wind, clear heat, invigorate blood, and tonify liver and kidneys.IndicationsDizziness, tinnitus, blurred vision, a sensation of heat rushing to the head, insomnia, a red tongue, and a wiry, rapid pulse.
46 Analysis of Formula Chief: Tian ma, Gou teng, Shi jue ming Calm the liver and extinguish windDepute: Zhi zi, Huang qinClear heat and drain fire.Assistant:Yi mu cao: invigorate blood to support proper blood circulationChuan niu xi: conduct the blood downwardDu zhong, Sang ji sheng: tonify and nourish the liver and kidneys.Ye jiao teng, Fu shen: calm the spirit and steady the will
47 Modern application Modern application: hypertension, hypertensive encephalopathy, epilepsy, cerebrovascular disease, transitory ischemic attacks.