Presentation on theme: "For [preposition] 1 indicates the person who receives something: This package is for you. 2 indicates purpose or reason: What’s this cupboard for? 3 indicates."— Presentation transcript:
for [preposition] 1 indicates the person who receives something: This package is for you. 2 indicates purpose or reason: What’s this cupboard for? 3 indicates a destination or distance: The bus leaves for the city centre. · We walked for miles. 4 indicates a period of time. How long have you been waiting for? ~No long. For about a couple of minutes.
for Grammar patterns 1. for + NP: This book is for students of English. 2. for + NP (period of time): We stayed there for a cuple of nights. 3. for + -ing: You can also use a compass for telling the time. 4. Verb + NP + for + -ing: I don’t blame you for losing your temper. 5. for + NP + to-infinitive: I’m waiting for Pat to phone. 6. It + is/was etc. + adjective + for + NP + to-infintive: it was difficult for me to understand his accent. 7. NP + for + NP + to-infinitive: There’s no need for you to wait.
for Collocations Verbs that are followed by for to form phrasal verbs include: account for (=give a reason) plan for,, arrange for, ask for, bargain for, care for, fall for, long for (=want very much), look for,prepare for, provide for, settle for (=agree to have) and wait for. Nouns that are frequently followed by for include: time, room, space, need, desire, hope, chance, oportunity, reason, purpose, case, argument, pla, arrangement, search, cure, and use. Adjectives that are frequently followed by for include: good, bad, suitable, ready, famous, responsible, sorry, thankful, useful and late. Adjectives that are common in grammar pattern 3 include: right, wrong, hard, difficult, easy, dangerous, common, normal, usual, unusual, important, necessary, possible and impossible.
for Set phrases for ages =for a long time. for now/ for the time being What for? = Why? If it weren’t for / If it hadn’t been for…. be all for =approve of (I’m all for a bit of fun, but this is ridiculous) for all…→all · For one thing → thing but for…→ but · for a start → start as for… → as