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1 An Overview on the Higher Education in ROC (Taiwan)

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1 1 An Overview on the Higher Education in ROC (Taiwan)

2 2 Contents I.Current State of Education in Taiwan II. Current Education System III. Main Policies for Higher Education IV. Features of Taiwan’s TVE V.Education Internationalization VI.Major Issue Facing Higher Education

3 3 I. Current State of Education in Taiwan 1. Central Government Total Budget in 2008: NT$ Trillion (US$ Billion) 18.5% Billion (US$9.635 Billion) Education, Science & Culture Budget: 18.5% NT$ Billion (US$9.635 Billion) 149 (2007) 2. No. of Colleges & Univ.: 149 (2007) Million 3. No. of Students in Colleges & Univ.: Million 5 Million Students 4. Total No. of Students: 5 Million Students in Over 8,000 Schools at All Levels Average No. of Students in Each Elementary School Class: % 6. Illiteracy Rate Over 15 Years of Age: 2.4%

4 4 II. The Current Education System

5 5 Prospect Blueprint of Educational Administration Excellent learning Righteousness /concerns Global vision Adaptive learning Continuous development To construct a sound and high-quality educational environment as to help educators and learners learn happily and to develop effectively to foster great modern citizens and global villagers. Blueprint of Educational Administration ( ) Vision

6 Types of Higher Education Institution No. of Colleges & Univ.: 149(2007)

7 7 2.A Comparison of the Students Growth Among Levels of Higher Education S.Y.2007

8 8 3.The Increasing Number of Students A Comparison of Public and Private Universities & Colleges In Terms of Number of Students Number of Students School Year 2:1

9 9 4.Degrees and Requirements DegreeAdmission Requirements Study Period Graduation Requirements Bachelor -Graduated from senior secondary school or the equivalent; -taken the unified entrance exam; -completed multi-admissions/ process. 4-7 Yrs. Earned at least 128 credits Master -Holder of a bachelor’s degree, or 2-year or 5-year junior college graduate with 3-years working experience, -passed the master’s degree program entrance examination. 1-4 Yrs. -Earned the required credits, produced a dissertation and passed the degree test. -For master’s degree programs in the Arts or in Applied Science and Technologies, the required thesis may be replaced either by the exhibition presentation, plus a written report or technical report. Ph.D. Doctoral Degree -Holder of a master’s degree, student of master’s degree program with excellent performance, medical science graduate with 2-years working experience. -Holder of a bachelor’s degree with 6-years working experience with excellent performance -passed one Ph.D. entrance examination. 2-7 Yrs. -Earned the required credits -Passed the Ph.D. candidate qualification test -Produced a thesis -Passed the oral examination.

10 10 III. III.. Main Policies for Higher Education 1.Multi-channel Admissions 2.University Assessment The Higher Education Evaluation & Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT)—was established in 2005 Entry Channel Recommendation & Screening School recommendation Individual Application Examination & Placement

11 11 3. University Tuition & Fees Flexible Adjustment of Tuition & Fees Plan YearPer capita income (NTD) Study cost (NTD): % of per capita income Public universitiesPrivate university ,78459,490 US$1, %108,520 US$3, % 4. Pedagogic Excellence Project NT$5 billion The annual budget in 2007 was NT$5 billion (US$150 Million) (US$150 Million); a total of 60 universities received subsidies.

12 12 5. Development Plan for World Class Universities & Research Centers of Excellence Annual Budget for This Plan (Units: NT$ hundred million) First term Total Budget total (US$1,500 million) Plan for world class universities 35~60 175~300 Plan for world class research centers 40~65 200~325 Second term Total Budget total Plan for world class universities 35~60 175~300 Plan for world class research centers 40~65 200~325

13 13 IV. Features of Taiwan’s TVE * Integration of Theory & Practice * Strong Industry-Academia Linkages * R&D and Innovation Driving Force * System of Licenses & Certificates

14 14 Platform  Regional Industry-Academia Cooperation Centers  Research Development Centers  Industry-Academia Cooperation Information Web Universities of Sci. & Tech. Industry Innovation In University (Curriculum, R & D, Spin-off) Industry (Value-Added Products & Services, Bis Models) Research Institutes 2.Functions of MOE Industry-Academia Cooperation Platform Dept. of Technological and Vocational Education government

15 15 V. Education Internationalization 1. Inter-university Links

16 16 Since 1966, there have been academic exchange agreements signed between institutions of higher learning in Taiwan and in other countries. Since 1966, there have been 4,268 academic exchange agreements signed between institutions of higher learning in Taiwan and in other countries. 2. International Students in Taiwan Total Student No (yr )13,201 Asia9,130 America2,395 Europe947 Africa369 Pacific Ocean360

17 17 3. Taiwan Scholarship 479 The MOE is supporting 479 international scholarship winners for the Taiwan Scholarship Program of 2008 to pursue their degree studies in Taiwan. This is not included the scholarships which offered by Universities. CountryUSAJapanFranceCanadaUKGermany No. of Recipients (2008)

18 18 4. Mandarin Chinese Scholarship 253 The MOE has supported 253 Mandarin Enrichment Scholarships from 41 countries, in CountryUSAFranceUKCanadaGermanyJapan No. of Recipient (2008)

19 19 5. Encourage students to study overseas -Full Scholarships -Fixed Grants -Overseas Study Loans No. of students studying overseas (2007) Total 31,003 USA 14,916 Canada 2,014 UK 7,132 France 723 Germany 606 Australia 2,570 New Zealand 618 Japan 2,424 No. of Awardees (2008) Full Scholarships 344 Fixed Grants342 Total686

20 20 Major issues facing higher education(1/5) 1. Demographic change and over-supply of higher education YearPopulation number of childbirths Birth Rate (‰)

21 21 Major issues facing higher education(2/5)

22 22 Major issues facing higher education(3/5) 2. Declining public expenditure on higher education Australia Canada Denmark Finlandm Francem Germany Ireland Japan Koream Netherlands Norway m Sweden UK USAm m34.7 OECD average EU19 average Taiwan Percentage of public expenditure on higher education (1995, 2000 &2005)

23 23 Major issues facing higher education(4/5) Year Average Unemployment Rate Primary School Junior High School Senior High School Junior College and above Higher unemployment rates of college graduates than those of lower educational levels and average unemployment rates

24 24 Major issues facing higher education(5/5) Below Senior High School Senior High School Higher Education

25 25 Ministry of Education ROC (Taiwan) Website: Thank you! We welcome your comments and look forward to working with you in the future!


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