Presentation on theme: "The Project: “Education in Great Britain, in the USA and in Russia: the common features and distinctions” The author: Grachova Y, (pupil of the 9th“a”"— Presentation transcript:
2The Project: “Education in Great Britain, in the USA and in Russia: the common features and distinctions” The author: Grachova Y, (pupil of the 9th“a” form, school №34) The tutor: Shentsova E.F. ( academic year)
3“The system of education in the different countries”; The theme of the project is connected withthe 5th Unit “What will you be?”, “Schools in Great Britain. Schools in Russia”, textbook “English-9” (V.P. Kuzovlev);The basic question of the project is“The system of education in the different countries”;The question of the educational theme:“The common features and distinctions in the system of education of different countries”;The question for the pupil’s research:“Modern system of education in Great Britain, in the USA and in our country, common features and distinctions”;
4The didactic purposes of the project: “Development of skills of independent work with the big volumes of the information and critical thinking”;The methodical tasks:To expand representation about social life of the country the learning language, its traditions in education, to familiarize with features of separate aspects of foreign teenagers’ life, to learn to use multimedia presentation for registration of results of the research, to learn to state briefly the ideas in the oral and written form;
5The theme of the pupils researching: “Education in Great Britain, in the USA and in Russia: the common features and distinctions”;Definition of the problem:“Why many citizens of different countries try to receive education in Great Britain or in the USA?”;The hypothesis of the researching:“Modern system of education in Great Britain and in the USA has some advantages that makes it a standard of global level and as a result leads in the world’s educational services for foreign citizens. Modernization of system of education in Russia is called to correct available lacks and to provide achievement of the world standards”.
6DEGRESS GENERAL (COMMON) AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING Steps of formation (education)Education institutionsGeneral (common)PreschoolDay nursery, day nursery – gardens, kindergartens etc.Initial (1-4)the Basic (5-9) Average (full)10-11-classesInitial, incomplete average and average comprehensive schools, lice a average musical, art and choreographic schools; schools – boarding schools and physical developmentProfessionalInitialTechnical training colleges and other schools of the given levelAverageTechnical schools, colleges, schools (medical, musical, circus etc.)The maximum (supreme)Academies, Universities, Institutes, Conservatories, the higher schools, the maximum (supreme) schoolsPostgraduatePostgraduate studies, internships, doctoral studies, courses of improvement of qualification
7EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAIN Primary school5-11 years old, then pass the exam «11 plus»Secondary school4 types of them: grammar school, secondary modern, technical and comprehensive school years, pupils take their GCSEexams (General Certificate of Secondary Education)High school16 to 18 years specialize in two or three subjects, then take the exams General Certificate of Education Advanced level (A-Level)Post-school education18-22 There are two different types of post-graduate courses Universities and different types of assisted colleges, which tend to provide more work-orientated courses :– 3 years - Bachelor degree; 5 or 6 years -– the Master’s degree (MA or MSc);the highest degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), extra 2 or 3 years
8EDUCATION IN THE USA Elementary school Secondary school 6 to 12 or 15 years old, local free public schools, or to private schools and collegeSecondary schoolyears, pupils take their courses aimed at three or more levels:– academic (The academic program is designed to prepare students for college)- vocational (The vocational program prepares students either for employment or further training and may give training in four fields: - agricultural; - business education; - home economics; - trade and industrial education);- general (The program provides features of the academic and vocational types. This program prepares students either for employment or further training. and general).The students pass the exams General Certificate of Education Advanced level (A-Level)Post-school educationAmerican higher education refers to study beyond the secondary school level and almost always presuppose that a student has undertaken 12 previous years of study. The terms “college” and “university” are often used interchangeably
9EDUCATION IN RUSSIA Primary school Secondary school There are many types of school (local free school, private school,college, lyceums, gymnasia)Primary school6-7 – 10 years. There they are taught reading, writing and doing sums. They stay a primary school for 4 years and then they are admitted to a secondary school.Secondary schoolyears, Children study a lot of school subjects, such as Mathematics, Literature, Russian, Chemistry, a foreign language and so on. At 16 they take their final exams and get a Certificate of general education .16-18 they can continue their education at school, technical school, professional college, or go to work. At school they can specialize for two years in two or three subjects, in which they take the Certificate of general secondary educationPost-school educationRussian higher education refers to study beyond the secondary school level. At the Universities or Institutes students after 3 years can at the first obtain their Bachelor degree then they can apply to take The second type of post-graduate courses – the Master’s degree (MA or MSc), which takes 2 or 3 years.Postgraduate studiesInternships, doctoral studies, 4-5 years courses of improvement of qualification higher degree of the Candidate of Sciences takes 4 or 5 years. The highest degree is the Doctor of Sciences takes two or three years extra.