Presentation on theme: " China’s Higher Education & Relevance to Canada Sen Lin (PhD) Department of AEPS "— Presentation transcript:
China’s Higher Education & Relevance to Canada Sen Lin (PhD) Department of AEPS
An Overview of China’s Higher Education Institutions of higher education: 2,500 in total 1,200 universities granting four-year bachelor degrees; many can grant masters and PhDs. 1,300 technological institutes and vocational colleges granting two-year diplomas Total number of students in higher education: About 30 million in total (2014 estimate) In 2014, 34.3% of years old are students in higher education In 1978, 1.55% of years old were students in higher education Major Fields of study offered by China’s Degree Programs: Science, Engineering, Business, Social Science, Humanities, Medicine, Law, Education Types of funding for higher education: An overwhelming majority of institutions funded by the government (national and provincial) Institutions with domestic private funds Institutions funded by Sino-foreign joint-ventures (estimate 2013: about 1,000)
National Entrance Exams Held yearly in June, primary means of screening applicants Admissions to full-time programs are conditioned on passing the national entrance exam Provincial governments responsible for organizing; exam questions either provincially made based on national guidelines or from a national exam bank In June 2014, 9.39 millions took the entrance exam; planned maximum quota of admissions: 6.98 million—about 74% rate of success. In recent years, some provinces did not fill their maximum quotas The annual number of students taking the entrance exams has been in decline since 2008 due to changing demographics The annual number is expected to be steady at the 2014 level for the next a few years, and a slight uptick after 2020 Two more factors of constraint: current government policy of encouraging development of vocational schools at the secondary level; the job market for graduates of higher education—may not meet the expectations
Students: before, during, and After
Parents Are There Too
Policing the Exams
Canada-China Exchanges Chinese students in Canada Total: 80,627 (2012, CBIE), 30% of the total foreign students in Canada-ranking #1 followed by those from India, Korea, Saudi Arabia, and the US. Total: about 100,000 (2013, Chinese Consulate in Toronto). Canadian students in China 3,800 (2013, Chinese Consulate in Toronto) Increasing number of visits by Chinese academics to Canadian institutions and by Canadian academics to Chinese institutions Chinese academics highly value their experience in Canada and their exchanges with Canadian colleagues—these exchanges including teaching and research.
A Brief History of Foreign Exposure of Chinese Higher Education (PRC) The Soviet connection: at peak in the 1950s; stopped in mid-1960s (Sino- Soviet split; Cultural Revolution) Blazing China’s own trail (Isolation during the Cultural Revolution; All universities closed, ) Opening to the West: 1970s onward.