2Introduction to the Play Blood BrothersAct OneLesson 1: Author and Setting
3Willy RussellWilly Russell was born in Liverpool and grew up in a working class family. After leaving school with only one O level, he became a hairdresser and ran his own salon before trying his hand at a variety of jobs, including writing songs which were performed in local folk clubs. He also contributed songs and sketches to local radio programmes. At 20 years old, he returned to college and became a teacher in the Toxteth area of Liverpool and two years later his first play, Blind Scouse, was premiered at the Edinburgh Festival.
4SettingWilly Russell never refers to a specific time in Blood Brothers but we can assume that the play begins in the late nineteen fifties and ends in the early eighties.It is significant that the play is also set in Liverpool. At the time the city was predominately working class which meant many families were struggling with unemployment and poverty.
5Setting Continued…We KNOW this is when the play is set because events in the play correspond with major social and political happenings of that time. For example, at the end of Act One the Johnston’s are rehoused by the council from Liverpool to Skelmersdale.Such population migration from inner-city slums to New Towns happened across Britain during the 1960s.
6Mickey’s unemployment during Act two places later events in the late nineteen seventies or early eighties as factory closures and mass unemployment swept through many British towns at this time.This period in history which is known as the Thatcher era, was an extremely difficult time in history with thousands of families struggling to cope with job cuts.Although Willy Russell wants to entertain the audience he also wants them to think about life in England and in particular Liverpool, during this time.Setting…
7Setting…Although Willy Russell wants to entertain the audience he also wants them to think about life in England and in particular Liverpool, during this time.
12“ When the mines closedit was more than just losingmy job. My dad was aminer and my Grandadbefore him. They took awayall I knew.”(William Melvey 1982) “ I never really thought thatit would happen. But it did.having to start from scratchat 56 when I should havebeen winding down was souldestroying” (Anonymous)
13Check your understanding Do you think that Willy Russell had a good education as a child? Explain your answer.What social class was Willy Russell brought up in?What period of history does the play span?Can you think of any reasons Willy Russell may have for setting the play in Liverpool?What happened to families living in the inner city slums of Liverpool in the 1950s and 60s?
14Lesson 2: Social and Historical Context Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersAct OneLesson 2: Social and Historical Context
15Blood BrothersObjectives:To learn about the social and historical context of the play.
16LiverpoolAt the turn of the twentieth century (1900) Liverpool was one of the world’s richest cities. Trade with the British Empire flowed through its port and brought with it great economic growth. But as the Empire declined so did the fortunes of the city and by the second half of the century (the setting of Blood Brothers), Liverpool was deep in economic recession. The once bustling docks had fallen derelict and unemployment swept through the city plunging thousands of households into poverty. Crime increased, housing conditions worsened and drug use became widespread.
17PovertyAt the beginning of the play we learn that the Johnstone family are very poor. In the opening scenes Mrs Johnstone reveals that she is an unemployed single mother and we see her struggling to pay her bills (I start a job next week. I’ll have money comin’ in an’ I’ll be able to pay y’) and provide for her family (‘Ey Mother, I’m starvin’ an’ there’s nothin’ in’). Her children are on ‘free dinners’ and lack discipline. At the beginning of the play Mrs Johnstone does find a cleaning job but her wage is low and barely enough to live on. For the majority of the first act the Johnstones live in what would be a cramped ‘back to back’ terraced house in Liverpool’s inner city slums.
18Social and Historical Context Can you complete the following sentences?Blood Brothers is set in…The city was once…But as the British Empire crumbled…The decline of the city brought hardships such as…The Johnstone family are…They live in…Life is difficult because…
20Mrs Johnstone Objectives: To understand how Willy Russell creates characters through dialogue and action.
21Characterisation: Blood Brothers Mrs JohnstoneRead the opening scenes of Blood Brothers. What is your first impression of Mrs Johnstone?Consider the stage directions, Mrs Johnstone’s actions and gestures and the dialogue she uses.
22Mrs JohnstoneWhat are your first impressions of Mrs Johnstone? Look at the list of words below. Find five words that best describe Mrs. Johnstone.Loving ruthless rich gullible brave happy heartless caring superstitious manipulative selfish struggling
23What Mr Johnstone says / does Mrs JohnstoneLook at the things Mrs Johnstone says and does in the opening scenes. What is revealed about her?What Mr Johnstone says / doessuggestsWhat it shows“look, next week I’ll pay y’”shows“We got married at the registry an’ then we had a ‘do’””Mrs. Johnstone struggles to feed her family“We’ll live like kings, like bright young things”“never put new shoes on a table”
24Write a paragraph explaining the word choices you made. Write it upYour work so far about Mrs Johnstone will describe aspects of her personality.Where did those ideas come from?Playwrights create characters through stage directions, dialogue and action but do you know exactly what these things are?12th October 09Mrs JohnstoneMy first impression of Mrs Johnstone is that she is…Write a paragraph explaining the word choices you made.
25Sentence StartersTo help you write about Mrs. Johnstone you could use some of the sentence starters below:12th October 09Mrs JohnstoneThe first thing we notice about Mrs Johnstone is...Her conversation with the milkman suggests that…The way she speaks shows that…The lines spoken by her children tell us…
27Mrs LyonsObjectives:To learn how Willy Russell introduces the character of Mrs Lyons to the audience
28Characterisation: Mrs Lyons Read the next few scenes of Blood Brothers. What are your first impressions of Mrs Lyons?Consider the stage directions, the character’s actions, interactions and dialogue.
29Mrs LyonsWhat are your first impressions of Mrs Lyons? Jot down words or phrases to describe her.
30What Mrs Lyons says / does Read the opening scenes of Blood Brothers and this time pay close attention to the character of Mrs Lyons.What Mrs Lyons says / doessuggestsWhat it shows“We thought children would come along”shows“Oh it seems such a long time…he’ll be back in about five months’ time.”Mrs Lyons does not believe in superstition“Mrs Johnstone, with two more children how can you possibly avoid some of them being put into care?”Mrs Lyons is wealthy
32Contrasting Characters Objectives:To learn how Willy Russell contrasts the character of Mrs Lyons and Mrs Johnstone
33Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons are contrasting characters. How many examples of contrasts can you find?Mrs JohnstoneMrs LyonsWorking ClassMiddle Class
34Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons Below are some ideas that show how the characters contrast.Mrs JohnstoneMrs LyonsWorking ClassMiddle ClassGullibleManipulativeSeven childrenChildlessPoorRichKind, caring and thoughtfulMean, selfishHard but busy, dramatic lifeEmpty, lonely lifeStruggling single parentHas security and marriage
35Willy Russell uses 3 main techniques to create characters. ConsolidationWilly Russell uses 3 main techniques to create characters.Stage DirectionsDialogueActionLook out for these techniques as we are introduced to new characters in the play.
36Mrs Johnstone & Mrs Lyons Mrs Johnstone & Mrs Lyons Using your knowledge of the characters of Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons write a paragraph explaining how Russell presents the characters of Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons to the audience.You could use some of the sentence starters on the next slide to get you up and running.12th October 09Mrs Johnstone & Mrs LyonsMrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons are very different…
37Contrasting Characters Mrs Johnstone & Mrs Lyons What have you learned already about Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons? Below are a few sentence starters to help with your paragraph:12th September 09Mrs Johnstone & Mrs LyonsThe first difference we notice about Mrs Johnstone is...Mrs Johnstone is…whilst Mrs Lyons…The way they speak conveys to the audience that…The way they act towards one another gives us an insight into their relationship…
38Character as Archetype The fact that Mrs Johnstone doesn’t have a first name suggests that she is less an individual and more defined by her status in society. Mrs Johnstone has a very low social status. She is a working class, single mother with a large number of children which she struggles to control. As such she represents a social group that is often much maligned by society, the single parent, living on benefits with a large number of children. At the beginning of the play the Narrator describes Mrs Johnstone as having ‘a stone in place of her heart’ representing the attitude towards single parents by some sections of society. Yet the Narrator suggests that the audience should ‘judge for yourselves’ and Mrs Johnstone is presented to the audience, according to the stage directions, ‘aged thirty but looks more like fifty’. The reason for her premature aging is revealed in her opening song ‘we went dancing’ in which she describes the story of her life so far. In contrast to her current appearance we learn that once she was young, happy and ‘sexier than Marilyn Monroe’. She met her future husband at a dance, became pregnant, got married and three months later had her first child, Darren Wayne. Three months later she was pregnant again and by the age of twenty five when she had seven children and another on the way her husband left her for a younger woman. We see at the start that Mrs Johnstone is struggling. She cannot pay the milkman and her children complain of being underfed yet she appears optimistic, believing that the cleaning job she is due to start will give them enough money to ‘live like kings’.
40Point, Evidence, Explain Objectives:To learn how to use P.E.E. when writing about a drama text.
41Writing about texts P Point E Evidence E Explain When writing about texts use the P.E.E formula. Make a point, find some evidence and then explain the evidence in detail.PPointEEvidenceEExplain
42Don’t forget to explain yourself Use the information from your tables to write about either Mrs Johnstone or Mrs Lyons. Do not forget to use the P.E.E structure in your writing.For examplePointMrs Johnstone struggles to care for her large family: “Ey Mother, I’m starvin’ an’ there’s nothin’ in. There never bloody well is.” Here we see that Mrs Johnstone finds it hard to provide for her large family as her children are hungry. The use of the word ‘bloody’ by Kid Three suggests that the children are not well behaved and swear at Mrs Johnstone, emphasising the sense of her struggling to cope.EvidenceExplain
43Plenary Read out your work to the rest of the group. Discuss how you described your character using the P.E.E format.
44Teacher-of-English.comBlood Brothers 7Social Class
45Social ClassObjectives:To develop knowledge and understanding of the theme of social class in Blood Brothers
46Class First class Working Class Class Second Class Class of students What do we mean by the word class?Think of as many uses of the word class as you can in 2 minutes.First classWorking ClassClassSecond ClassClass of studentsBlood Brothers explores Social Class which is the structure of divisions in a society determined by the social or economic grouping of its members.
47Themes – Social ClassClass is central to the story and a theme that exists throughout the play. In Blood Brothers Willy Russell explores how class affects people’s lives. To do this he uses the Johnstone family and the Lyons family to represent the working classes and the middle classes.The Johnstone family is working class. Mrs Johnstone has rushed into an early marriage due to pregnancy. She is poorly educated and very superstitious. Her house is a rented terraced home in a poor neighbourhood which she struggles to pay for. Conditions are basic and cramped. Mrs Johnstone’s limited education means that the work she can do is restricted to poorly-paid jobs and her horizons are limited. She is delighted when she is re-housed in Skelmersdale in a newly built council house.
48Many of the slum houses in big cities were demolished at this time and ‘new towns’ made up of council houses were built to replace them.By contrast, Mrs Lyons belongs to the wealthier middle class. She is a housewife with no need to work as her husband can provide comfortably for the family. She lives in a large house, employs a cleaner and enjoys a leisurely lifestyle. Edward is brought up surrounded by books, expected to succeed in life and attends a public school. He will go to university, marry well and take up a prestigious and well-paid profession.
49What it says about the English class system This table will help you keep track of the theme of class in the play. Copy it then complete it as you read through the book.Page No.Class ExampleCharacter(s)What it says about the English class system11Song ‘My Child’Mrs Johnstone & Mrs LyonsThe song describes the different lifestyles and opportunities of middle and lower class children.13-14The visit of the Catalogue and finance men
50Living on the never never Teacher-of-English.comBlood Brothers 8Living on the never never
51Living on the never never Objectives:To complete a speaking and listening activity to develop your understanding of the themes of the play
52Living on the never never Read the play up to the scene where the catalogue and finance men repossess goods from the Johnstone’s house, then answer the questions below.Why are the goods repossessed?Why do you think Mrs Johnstone orders things she cannot afford?Why does Willy Russell include this scene in the play?Can you think of another character that Mrs Johnstone owes a debt to?
53Living on the never never Although poverty was widespread during the 1960s in many parts of Britain this was a time of economic growth and unprecedented prosperity. High levels of employment and increasing wages meant that people had more money than ever to spend and new consumer goods such as washing machines, refrigerators, TV sets, cookers were within the reach of more households than ever before. However, many families like the Johnstones, caught in the poverty trap, were left behind, unable to afford such luxuries. The only way the poor could obtain consumer goods was through hire purchase agreements. In post war Britain Hire Purchase was booming. In 1956 the British spent £400 million on Hire purchase goods, only nine years later in 1965 the amount had tripled to £1200 million.
54Living on the never never Hire purchase is a way of paying for goods in weekly instalments. The advantage in HP agreements is that the customer receives the goods immediately and then pays off the balance. However, there are dangers in taking out HP agreements. Firstly, by paying in instalments people often pay far more for the goods and if payments are not kept up then the goods are repossessed even if the customer has paid off the majority of the balance. We see this happen to Mrs Johnstone near the beginning of Act one when the Finance Man and the Catalogue Man confront Mrs Johnstone and remove hire purchase goods from her home because she hasn’t kept up the repayments. In one scene she recollects how debt collectors turned up during a meal and took away the kitchen table while the family were eating.
55In the hotseatLiving on the never never is one way of obtaining goods that you otherwise could not afford. Think about the following characters: Mrs Johnstone, the Finance Man and Mrs Johnstone's children. What would they think and feel about the system of hire purchase?
56Plenary Groups could perform their hot seating to the class. Audience members could ask questions to Mrs Johnstone, her children and the Finance Man.Consider what you have learnt about the theme of poverty from studying this scene.
57Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersAct OneLesson 9: Got the plot?
58Got the plot?Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot of Act One
59Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsBlood Brothers begins at the ____ of the story, with the deaths of Mickey and Edward. We then go back into the ____ to discover why the boys died. The mother of both boys, Mrs _____, is introduced by the _____ who tells the ______ that she gave her _____ away and that she has a ‘_____’ in place of a heart. We then meet Mrs Johnstone who gives us a quick synopsis of her ___. We discover that she is a ____ mother with 7 _____ to look after. She tells us that her _____ has walked out on her for a _____ woman and that she is expecting another ____ soon.
60Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsFollowing this opening scene the setting changes to Mrs _____’ house where Mrs Johnstone works as a ______. We discover that Mrs Lyons is unable to have _____ but she desperately wants one and when Mrs Johnstone announces that she is pregnant with _____ Mrs Lyons suggests that Mrs Johnstone should ____ one to her. Mrs Johnstone initially _____ the idea but Mrs Lyons puts _____ on her and reminds her that social services will put one of her children into ____ because she can’t look after them properly. Finally Mrs Johnstone agrees and they swear on the _____ to always keep the deal a _____. To frighten the ______ Mrs Johnstone into silence Mrs Lyons tells her that if the twins ever discover they were once a _____ they will immediately ____.
61Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsBlood Brothers begins at the end of the story, with the deaths of Mickey and Edward. We then go back into the past to discover why the boys died. The mother of both boys, Mrs Johnstone, is introduced by the narrator who tells the audience that she gave her baby away and that she has a ‘stone’ in place of a heart. We then meet Mrs Johnstone who gives us a quick synopsis of her life. We discover that she is a single mother with 7 children to look after. She tells us that her husband has walked out on her for a younger woman and that she is expecting another child soon.
62Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsFollowing this opening scene the setting changes to Mrs Lyons’ house where Mrs Johnstone works as a cleaner. We discover that Mrs Lyons is unable to have children but she desperately wants one and when Mrs Johnstone announces that she is pregnant with twins Mrs Lyons suggests that Mrs Johnstone should give one to her. Mrs Johnstone initially rejects the idea but Mrs Lyons puts pressure on her and reminds her that social services will put one of her children into care because she can’t look after them properly. Finally Mrs Johnstone agrees and they swear on the bible to always keep the deal a secret. To frighten the superstitious Mrs Johnstone into silence Mrs Lyons tells her that if the twins ever discover they were once a pair they will immediately die.
63Create a comic strip version of Act One. The Comic StripCreate a comic strip version of Act One.Mrs Johnstone, a poor single parent, works as a cleaner for the wealthy Mrs Lyons.Mrs Johnstone discovers that she is pregnant with twins.
65Mickey Johnstone Objectives: To learn how Russell introduces the character of Mickey to the audience.
66Match the word and its meaning Word/phraseMeaningHooliganA posh person who acts in a refined wayNott’nLiverpool dialect for ‘give me’gisstupidSoftyouposhyA person who acts in a loud, violent and ant-social wayyouseUselesslastNothing
67Vocabulary and Idioms Word/phrase Meaning Hooligan A person who acts in a loud, violent and ant-social wayNott’nNothinggisLiverpool dialect for ‘give me’SoftStupidposhyA posh person who acts in a refined wayyouseYoulastUseless
68Characterisation: Mickey Johnstone Read Act One up to “my beautiful, beautiful son.” What are your immediate impressions of Mickey Johnstone?Consider Russell’s use of stage directions, actions, and the dialogue Mickey uses.Mickey
69MickeyWhat are your first impressions of Mickey? Find words or phrases from the text to describe him.
70Making an impressionRemember, authors create characters through description, dialogue and action.These are known as literary devices, they are the tools used by writers to make characters come alive.19th September 09Mickey
71Mickey JohnstoneUsing your knowledge of description, dialogue and action write a paragraph explaining how Willy Russell presents the character of Mickey to the audience.You could use some of the sentence starters on the next slide to get you up and running…12th September 09MickeyAs soon as we meet Mickey we get the impression that he is…
72Introducing MickeyWhat have you learned already about Mickey Johnstone? Below are a few sentence starters to help with your paragraph about Mickey:12th September 09MickeyThe first thing we notice about Mickey is that he is….Mickey is carrying a …The way he speaks tells the audience that…The way he talks to Edward shows us that…Mickey has an older brother called Sammy who is…
73Extension – MickeyFind three quotations from p.20 to p.29 which suggest Mickey is a friendly child.How does Russell convey the impression that Mickey is from a poor background?How does Mickey talk about Sammy? What does this tell us about him?How does Mickey come across to the audience? How does Russell use stage directions, dialogue and action to create this impression?
74Teacher-of-English.com Of Mice and Men Part Two Lesson 11: Edward Lyons
75EdwardObjectives:To develop understanding of the character of EdwardTo learn how to use P.E.E. when writing about characters.
76Writing about texts P Point E Evidence E Explain When writing about characters in Blood Brothers remember to use the P.E.E formula. Make a point, find some evidence and then explain the evidence in detail.PPointEEvidenceEExplain
77What it tells us about him EdwardRead the play up to “my beautiful, beautiful son.” paying close attention to the character of Edward.What Edward says / doesshowsWhat it tells us about him“my mummy doesn’t allow me to play down here actually.”Offers Mickey a bag of sweetsNaïve and innocent
78Explain yourself Point Evidence Explain For example Use the information from your table to write about Edward. Do not forget to use the P.E.E structure in your writing.For examplePointEdward is a kind, thoughtful child: ‘(He offers a bag from his pocket)’. These stage directions show that Edward is giving and generous as he offers Mickey not just a sweet but the whole bag to choose fromEvidenceExplain
79Extension - EdwardHow does Russell use accent and dialect to convey Edward’s character?Edward’s behaviour in this part of the play tells us a lot about him. How does he act towards Mickey and Sammy? Why does he act like this?What is Edward’s feelings about Mickey? Find three quotations to illustrate your points.Can you find any examples from the scene which hint at things to come?Why is Sammy hostile to Edward?Why is Mickey friendly towards Edward?What do you think about Edward?
80PlenaryDiscuss your work with the rest of the group. Explain how you made deductions about Edward’s character.
82SammyObjectives:To develop understanding of the Character of SammyTo develop P.E.T.E.R skills when writing about characters.
83What it tells us about him SammyRead Act One up to “Edward shakes his head” paying close attention to the character of Sammy then complete the table below.What Sammy says / doesshowsWhat it tells us about him(Sammy laughs at Edward’s voice)What are you lookin’ at?He is fascinated by guns
84Extension – Sammy How does Mickey talk about Sammy in Act One? Look closely at Sammy's first appearance in the play. What image is Russell trying to convey?How does Sammy react to Edward. Use quotations in your answer.Why does Sammy react in this way?What words does Willy Russell use to suggest that Sammy can be cruel and violent?What is Sammy’s role in the play? Why has Willy Russell included him?
85PlenaryDiscuss your work with the rest of the group. Explain how you made deductions about Sammy based on Russell’s use of stage directions, action and dialogue.
86Lesson 13: Mickey and Edward Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart TwoLesson 13: Mickey and Edward
87Mickey & Edward Objectives: To learn how Willy Russell contrasts the characters of Mickey and Edward
88Mickey and EdwardMickey and Edward are contrasting characters. How many examples of contrasts can you find?MickeyEdwardPoorWealthy
89Mickey and EdwardMickey and Edward are contrasting characters. How many examples of contrasts can you find?MickeyEdwardpoorwealthyOne of eight childrenOnly childLots of freedomOver protective motherLacks educationWell educatedSpeaks with a Liverpool accent in Liverpudlian dialectNo accent, uses standard English
90Contrasting Characters Using your knowledge of the characters of Mickey and Edward write a paragraph explaining how Russell presents these contrasting characters to the audience.You could use some of the sentence starters on the next slide to get you up and running.12th October 09Mickey and EdwardMickey and Edward are very different…
91Contrasting Characters What have you learned already about Mickey and Edward? Below are a few sentence starters to help with your paragraph:12th September 09Mickey and EdwardThe first difference we notice about Mickey and Edward is...Mickey is…whilst Edward…The way they speak conveys to the audience that…The way they act towards one another gives us an insight into their relationship…
92Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart TwoLesson 14: Linda
93LindaObjectives:To learn how Willy Russell introduces the character Linda
94Characterisation: Linda Read Act One up to “The three children exit”What are your immediate impressions of Linda?
95LindaWhat are your first impressions of Linda? Think of six words or phrases which convey her personality.
96LindaUsing your knowledge of stage directions, dialogue and action write a paragraph explaining how Willy Russell presents the character of Linda.You could use the P.E.E. formula to help structure your work.12th September 09LindaLinda is presented as something of a tom boy by Willy Russell…
97Extension - LindaFind three quotes from the text that show that Linda cares about Mickey.How does Russell present Linda as courageous and willing to stand up for what is right?Linda says to Mickey, ‘When you die you’ll meet your twinny again, won’t y’?’ What does she mean by this? Explain how this is an example of dramatic irony.How does Willy Russell present Linda as a likeable and friendly character?
98Plenary Read out your answers to the rest of the group. Discuss how Russell presents the character of Linda.
100Changing Characters Objectives: To learn how Russell develops the character of Mrs Lyons
101Mrs Lyons True or False? Statement T/F Mrs Lyons is a bad person. At the start of the play Mrs Lyons is a woman who seems to have everything whilst Mrs Johnstone appears to have almost nothing. However as the play develops Mrs Lyons’ life begins to change and her character also alters. Read the statements below concerning Mrs Lyons then answer True or False.True or False?StatementT/FMrs Lyons got the child she always wanted but could never have.Mrs Lyons is a good mother.Mrs Lyons allows Edward plenty of freedom.Mrs Lyons is happy and contended now she has a child.Mrs Lyons is unpredictable and capable of violence and cruelty.Mrs Lyons is paranoid.Mrs Lyons is a bad person.
102The Changing Woman Ch-Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes! We see Mrs Lyons change over the course of the play. Using the True or False responses from the previous slide discuss how Mrs Lyons has changed since the start of the play.Ch-Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes!Plot a graph to show how Mrs Lyons changes over the course of the play.
103Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Two Lesson 16: Got the Plot?
104Got the plot?Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot of Part Two
105Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsMickey and Edward meet, aged _____. We see that even though they are genetically almost _____ (sharing the same biological parents) they have been brought up in contrasting _____ and _____ and are very _____ children. However, Mickey and Edward fast become _____ and discover that they share the same _____. Mickey declares that they are ____ _____ and they make a ____ (reminiscent of Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons) and declare _____ to one another and swear they will be friends until they ___. Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons discover that the twins have become friends and, afraid their _____ will be discovered, forbid the boys from seeing each other. Edward argues with Mrs Lyons and she ____ him. Later, Edward sneaks out to play with Mickey and Linda and Mrs Lyons becomes almost _____.
106Complete the summary of Act One by filling in the gaps The story so farComplete the summary of Act One by filling in the gapsMickey and Edward meet, aged seven. We see that even though they are genetically almost identical (sharing the same biological parents) they have been brought up in contrasting families and environments and are very different children. However, Mickey and Edward fast become friends and discover that they share the same birthday. Mickey declares that they are blood brothers and they make a pact (reminiscent of Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons) and declare loyalty to one another and swear they will be friends until they die. Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons discover that the twins have become friends and, afraid their secret will be discovered, forbid the boys from seeing each other. Edward argues with Mrs Lyons and she hits him. Later, Edward sneaks out to play with Mickey and Linda and Mrs Lyons becomes almost hysterical.
107The Comic Strip Create a comic strip version of Act One. Mickey and Edward meet aged seven.
109QuizObjectives:To consolidate understanding of Act One
110Answer the questions below to show your understanding of Act One QuizAnswer the questions below to show your understanding of Act OneWhat famous movie star is repeatedly mentioned in Act One?What is Mrs Johnstone afraid will happen to her children if she has twins?What is used to seal the pact between Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons?What superstition does Mrs Lyons tell Mrs Johnstone about twins secretly parted at birth?How much does Mrs Lyons give Mrs Johnstone when she fires her?How old are Mickey and Edward when they meet?What is the birthday of Mickey and Edward?What do Mickey, Linda and Edward shoot at in the park?What is Mrs Lyons’ first name?What name does Edward give to the policeman?
111Quiz Answers! Marilyn Monroe. One will be taken into care. The Bible. They will die if they discover the truth.Fifty pounds.Seven.July the eighteenth.Peter Pan.Jennifer.Adolph Hitler.
112Lesson 18: The Policeman’s Visit Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart ThreeLesson 18: The Policeman’s Visit
113The Policeman’s Visit Objectives: To learn how Russell explores the themes of class and society through the Policeman’s visit.
114The Policeman’s VisitRead Act One up to the scene with the policeman talking to Mr Lyons. Contrast how the policeman speaks to each family.Consider Russell’s use of stage directions, actions, and the dialogue the policeman uses.
115What it tells us about him The JohnstonesRead the scene between the policeman and Mrs Johnstone. What does the policeman say and do? What does it reveal about his attitude to the Johnstones?What he says / doesshowsWhat it tells us about him“he was about to commit a serious crime.”He has no respect for the Johnstone family
116What it tells us about him The LyonsRead the scene between the policeman and Mr Lyons. What does the policeman say and do? What does it reveal about his attitude to the Lyons?What he says / doesshowsWhat it tells us about him“it was more of a prank really.”He is polite and respectful to the Lyons family
117The Policeman’s VisitUsing the information you have gathered write a paragraph explaining how the policeman treats each family differently for committing the same ‘offence’.In your answer try to explain why the policeman speaks to the parents in contrasting ways. What is the purpose of this scene? What is Willy Russell trying to suggest to the audience?12th October 09The Policeman’s VisitWhen the policeman speaks to Mrs Johnstone he is…
118The Policeman’s VisitIf you are finding it hard to get started here are a few sentence starters to help with your writing:12th October 09The Policeman’s VisitWhen the policeman speaks to Mrs Johnstone he is….He says … which shows that…..The way he speaks to Mr Lyons is…He says … shows us that…In this scene Willy Russell is suggesting that…
119Extension – The Policeman’s Visit Find three quotations in which the policeman threatens Mrs Johnstone.Look at the language used by the policeman when he visits each family. Why does Russell use more colloquialisms when he speaks to Mrs Johnstone?How does Mrs Johnstone respond to the policeman? What does this show about her? What does it suggest about her social status? Does it remind you of another scene earlier in the play?What does the policeman mean by ‘Make sure he keeps with his own kind’?How does Russell use stage directions to create a different mood when the policeman speaks to Mr Lyons?
120Lesson 19: Social Context Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart ThreeLesson 19: Social Context
121Social & Historical Context : Housing Objectives:To understand the influence and significance of the social background of the play
122Housing – Blood Brothers Context Blood Brothers was first performed at the Liverpool Playhouse in The story is set in the decades of the 1960s, 70s and 80s and to fully understand some of the play’s themes you need to research a little about the major social, political and economic events that took place from 1960 to 1983.You could use the internet to help with your research.
123HousingWe have already discussed the social and historical context in some detail in previous lessons. For this task we are going to focus on the issue of housing and find out about the changes in social housing which took place during the 1950s and 1960s.
124HousingTo help your research you could begin by finding answers to the following questions:What type of housing was demolished in cities like Liverpool during the 1950s and 60s?What new housing developments were created to house the population?How did the ‘new towns’ differ from the ‘slum’ housing of the inner cities?How did this housing transformation affect some people's lives?How does Blood Brothers reflect the housing transformation that was happening in Britain in the early 1960s?Why do you think Willy Russell chose to include the issue of housing in the play? What may he have wanted to achieve?
125Remember…The social and historical setting of a play is often very significant and influential.Britain in the 1950s and 60s was still recovering from the Second World War and undergoing a period of great social change.Playwrights can have a number of motives for writing. Blood Brothers is written to entertain but also to make audience’s think about serious social issues such as poverty, class and education.Willy Russell has a political purpose for writing this play.
126HousingThe years following the Second World War were a time of great change in Britain. In the 1950s and 60s Liverpool, like many cities, underwent a housing transformation. In the inner city large areas of old Victorian back to back ‘slum’ houses were demolished and residents were rehoused in New Towns. During the 1950s and 60s New Towns sprang up all over the country on the outskirts of overcrowded towns and cities. In the countryside outside Liverpool the government created the New Town of Skelmersdale, and many families were relocated there. Like many New Towns, Skelmersdale was far more rural in its setting and the working and middle classes lived in closer proximity. In Blood Brothers this social upheaval takes place at the end of Act One. Act One mainly takes place against the backdrop of a terraced street on the brink of demolition but the final scenes of the Act show the Johnstone family moving to ’sixty five Skelmersdale Lane’. Act One ends on a note of optimism as Mrs Johnstone sings excitedly about her new home, ‘the air is so pure…the garden’s so big’. Her excitement over simple things we take for granted ‘we’ll have a front room’ shows how basic her old house was, how naïve she is and how low her expectations are.
127HousingMoving from the city slums to the country was a cause for hope, as Mrs Johnstone says ‘we’ll be all right out here son, away from the muck an’ the dirt an’ the bloody trouble.’ For the first time in the play Mrs Johnstone is happy, looking forward to making a fresh start, ‘Now we can begin again…Got a new situation, a new destination, an’ no reputation following me.’ Act one ends with Mrs Johnstone singing the line ‘oh, bright new day’ striking a note of hope that many families felt when relocating to New Towns. However, such optimism proved naïve as the reality of life in the New Towns was far from paradise (Act Two begins with Mrs Johnstone singing that the neighbours ‘sometimes fight on Saturday night’ and we hear dogs barking and a quarrel taking place off stage, ‘What time do you call this then? Time I got shot of you, rat bag!’) Yet life for Mrs Johnstone is decidedly better than before. She pays her bills on time, has rediscovered her social life (going to dances with Joe the milkman) and is coping better now that some of her children have grown up and left home.
128Lesson 20: Act One Consolidation Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart ThreeLesson 20: Act One Consolidation
129Act One - Consolidation Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of Act One.
130Act One Mickey and Edward meet Mrs Lyons fires Mrs Johnstone Complete the summary of Act One by putting the events in the correct orderMickey and Edward meetMrs Lyons fires Mrs JohnstoneMickey, Edward and Linda get into trouble with the police for throwing stones at windowsMrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons discover that the twins have become friendsMickey and Edward become blood brothersMrs Johnstone announces that she is pregnant with twinsThe Johnstone family are rehoused by the councilThe narrator tells the audience that Mrs Johnstone has a ‘stone’ in place of a heartMrs Lyons hits EdwardMrs Johnstone agrees to give one of her babies to Mrs Lyons
131Act OneThe narrator tells the audience that Mrs Johnstone has a ‘stone’ in place of a heartMrs Johnstone announces that she is pregnant with twinsMrs Johnstone agrees to give one of her babies to Mrs LyonsMrs Lyons fires Mrs JohnstoneMickey and Edward meetMickey and Edward become blood brothersMrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons discover that the twins have become friendsMrs Lyons hits EdwardMickey, Edward and Linda get into trouble with the police for throwing stones at windowsThe Johnstone family are rehoused by the council
132The Comic Strip Create a comic strip version of Act One. Mrs Johnstone, a poor single parent, works as a cleaner for the wealthy Mrs Lyons.Mickey and Edward meet aged seven.
133Lesson 21: Act Two - Structure Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart ThreeLesson 21: Act Two - Structure
134Structure : Act Two Objectives: To develop knowledge and understanding of Willy Russell’s use of structure.
135Why do you think Russell structures the play in this way? The first scene of Act Two is very similar to the first scene of Act One. However, some things appear slightly differently in Act Two. Find as many similarities or differences as you can and enter them in the table.Act One Scene OneAct Two Scene OneWhy do you think Russell structures the play in this way?
136Structure Act One Scene One Act Two Scene One Mrs Johnstone sings directly to the audienceMrs Johnstone sings directly to the audience.The milkman enters and asks Mrs Johnstone for moneyMrs Johnstone now pays ‘me bills on time’ and the milkman, Joe, takes Mrs Johnstone out.Mrs Johnstone sings the song ‘we went dancing’Mrs Johnstone dances with Joe and sings ‘he takes me dancing’The name Marilyn Monroe is repeatedThe name Marilyn Monroe is still repeatedWhy has Willy Russell included small differences in Act Two? What is he saying about Mrs Johnstone’s life? Why is the name Marilyn Monroe still repeated in Act Two?
138EducationObjectives:To understand how Willy Russell explores the theme of Education in Blood Brothers.
139EducationMickey and Edward have very different experiences of education. Read the play up to ‘Linda and Mickey leave the class’.How are Mickey andEdward’s experiencesof school different?
140Secondary Modern school Blood Brothers is a play full of contrasts and the school experience of Mickey and Edward is again very different. Find examples of how the schools contrast.Mickey’s EducationEdward’s EducationSecondary Modern schoolPrivate SchoolAcademic success
141EducationEducation is a common theme in Willy Russell’s work. Our Day Out and Educating Rita examine education in much more detail but Blood Brothers does touch on the theme in a couple of scenes. The most obvious one is the scene where Mickey is expelled. Mickey and Linda attend a Secondary Modern school. Secondary Modern Schools were prevalent through out Britain in the 1960s and 70s when children took the 11+ exam. Those who passed the exam went to Grammar Schools whilst those who failed attended a Secondary Modern. The stage directions, ‘a class in a secondary Modern school is formed – all boredom and futility’ suggest criticism of the effectiveness of such an education system and the events of the scene appear to emphasize this as the teacher seems frustrated and his students indifferent. The subject of the lesson (the diet of the Boro Indians of the Amazon Basin) is almost ridiculously irrelevant to the lives of the students it is being delivered to. Here Russell seems to suggest that secondary modern schools failed many of the students they served.
142EducationIn contrast Edward attends a private boys boarding school, he is obviously succeeding academically in this environment as the teacher mentions that he is capable of a place at Oxford or Cambridge the most prestigious Universities in the country. However Edward rebels against the homophobia (‘this is a boys’ school…you must behave like one’) and violence (‘Am I to punish you Lyons? Am I to have you flogged?’) of the school and is suspended for swearing at one of the masters. Russell does not comment overtly on the discussion about state and private education but shows how education shapes the futures of young people.
143Lesson 23: Building Tension Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart ThreeLesson 23: Building Tension
144Building Tension Objectives: To develop knowledge and understanding of how suspense is created in a key scene of Blood Brothers
145SuspenseIn the scene where Mrs Lyons attacks Mrs Johnstone with a knife suspense is created to engage the audience and to convey the deterioration of Mrs Lyons’ mental state.Find at least five phrases, sentences or images from the text which heighten the dramatic tension of this scene then plot them on a tension graph. See the next slide for an example…145
146Building TensionClimaxVerytenseSlow tensionCalm‘MRS LYONS: Don’t lie! I know what you’re doing to me!’‘Mrs Lyons appears in the kitchen…’Mrs Lyons exitsto the streetDraw a graph to show how tension is created in this scene.146
147PlenaryExplain how Willy Russell builds tension in this scene. Refer to the stage directions, dialogue and actions in your response and use your tension graph to help you.
148Extension ActivitiesWhat does this scene tell us about Mrs Lyons? How has she changed?What do you think may have caused Mrs Lyons to change?What types of sentences are used repeatedly by Mrs Lyons in this scene? Why do you think Willy Russell has done this?How does this scene convey the changing fortunes of Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons?What does Mrs Johnstone do differently this time when Mrs Lyons offers her money? What does this suggest?How has the balance of power changed in the relationship between Mrs Lyons and Mrs Johnstone?How is sound used in this scene to build tension?How does Willy Russell create a sense of foreboding in this scene?
149Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Two Lesson 24: Got the Plot?
150Got the plot?Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot of Part Three
151The story so farAt the start of Act 2 ____ more years have passed and the twins are __. Mrs Johnstone has made a new life for herself and appears much _____. Mickey is in love with ____ but is ______ about it and Edward is away at ______ school. Although things are a lot better for Mrs Johnstone we see that her children are still causing trouble; Sammy pulls a _____ out on the bus ______ and Mickey gets _____ from school. We learn that Edward too has been suspended for _____ at a _____ and while he is back home the twins meet up again. They are excited and quickly re-establish their good _____. However, Mrs Lyons is _____ and _____: she moved here to get away from the ______. She confronts Mrs Johnstone and tries to ____ her to move away but this time Mrs Johnstone _____. Mrs Lyons, desperate, _____ Mrs Johnstone with a ____ but Mrs Johnstone manages to overpower her. Here we see a shift of _____ in their relationship. Mrs Lyons is becoming _____, more paranoid and mentally and emotionally _____, while Mrs Johnstone is more responsible and in _____.
152The story so farAt the start of Act 2 seven more years have passed and the twins are 14. Mrs Johnstone has made a new life for herself and appears much happier. Mickey is in love with Linda but is embarrassed about it and Edward is away at boarding school. Although things are a lot better for Mrs Johnstone we see that her children are still causing trouble; Sammy pulls a knife out on the bus conductor and Mickey gets suspended from school. We learn that Edward too has been suspended for swearing at a teacher and while he is back home the twins meet up again. They are excited and quickly re-establish their good friendship. However, Mrs Lyons is upset and angry: she moved here to get away from the Johnstones. She confronts Mrs Johnstone and tries to pay her to move away but this time Mrs Johnstone refuses. Mrs Lyons, desperate, attacks Mrs Johnstone with a knife but Mrs Johnstone manages to overpower her. Here we see a shift of power in their relationship. Mrs Lyons is becoming weaker, more paranoid and mentally and emotionally unstable, while Mrs Johnstone is more responsible and in control.
153The Comic Strip Create a comic strip version of Part Three. Mrs Johnstone has started a new and better life in Skelmersdale
154Lesson 25: Mickey and Edward Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart FourLesson 25: Mickey and Edward
155Building Tension Objectives: To develop knowledge and understanding of how Russell develops the characters of Mickey and Edward in Blood Brothers
156Changing TimesRead up to the scene where Edward returns from university to celebrate Christmas. It is obvious that the relationship between the two friends has changed considerably. But how have things changed and why?156
157Changing TimesThink about the Good and Bad times that Mickey and Edward have experienced during their lives. What would be the best and worst thing in each characters life? Would there be a favourite time of life (childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, etc)? What does the future hold for Mickey and Edward. You could track the course of each character’s life by plotting a graph to show how their lives have developed.157
158Good Times Bad TimesGood TimesBadTimesMeeting Edward and becoming Blood BrothersGrowing up poor, hungry and lonelyMickeyComplete the missing text to show how Mickey’s life has unfolded.158
159Good Times Bad TimesGood TimesBadTimesMeeting Mickey and becoming Blood BrothersGrowing up rich but rather lonelyEdwardComplete the missing text to show how Edward’s life has unfolded.159
160Extension ActivitiesWhat does this scene tell us about Mickey and Edward? How have they changed?What do you think may have caused Mickey to change?How does this scene convey the changing fortunes of Mickey and Edward?How is this scene similar to previous scenes between Mrs Johnstone and Mrs Lyons?What does Mickey do when Edward offers him money? What does this suggest?Mickey says to Edward ‘I grew up. An’ you didn’t, because you didn’t need to’ What does he mean by this?How does Willy Russell build tension in this scene?How does Willy Russell create a sense of foreboding in this scene?
162RecessionObjectives:To develop knowledge and understanding of the social and historical context of the latter stages of the play
163Mickey : Living on the Giro Whilst the 1960s was a time of economic boom the seventies and early eighties was an era of recession. Economic recession often causes the closure of a number of business which in turn results in mass unemployment. The immediate casualties of recession tend to be unskilled workers, the men and women that work for low pay on the factory floor or labourers working for construction companies. Without academic qualifications or specialist skills to fall back on millions became unemployed. In Act Two Mickey is made unemployed due to the ‘global slump’ and cannot get another job. Long term unemployment has a devastating affects on Mickey’s personality and begins a chain of events that lead to the deaths of Edward and himself.
164Edward : Recession Proof Eddie’s family wealth and university education protects him from the effects of the economic recession. When me meets Mickey before Christmas he appears naïve and cannot understand Mickey’s anger and resentment at being unemployed. Mickey, increasingly desperate for money and with a wife and child to provide for, agrees to help Sammy rob the filling station but he is caught and sent to prison. In prison Mickey becomes addicted to antidepressants which causes a strain on his marriage. In complete contrast Edward’s life continues to improve, he graduates from university, secures a good job and looks forward to a bright future.
165Create a Collage Label your collage with quotes from the play. Use copies of magazines, newspapers and catalogues to paste together a collage of how different Mickey and Edwards lives are becoming.Label your collage with quotes from the play.This could be placed on display or added to as the play progresses
166Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Four Lesson 27: Keeping Track
167Keeping TrackObjectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot development in Act Two
168Keeping TrackLots of events take place in Act Two. To help consolidate yourknowledge of the plot, rearrange the following events in the right order:Mickey loses his jobEdward leaves for universityLinda discovers that she is pregnantMickey becomes addicted to anti-depressantsMrs Lyons attacks Mrs JohnstoneMickey and Sammy attempt to rob a petrol stationEdward asks Linda to marry himThe Johnstone family move to a new house on the outskirts of LiverpoolMickey is sent to prison
169Keeping Track It should look like this: The Johnstone family move to a new house on the outskirts of LiverpoolMrs Lyons attacks Mrs JohnstoneEdward leaves for universityLinda discovers that she is pregnantMickey loses his jobEdward asks Linda to marry himMickey and Sammy attempt to rob a petrol stationMickey is sent to prisonMickey becomes addicted to anti-depressants
170Think about itWhy has Edward never told Linda about his true feelings for her?Why does Mickey agree to get involved with the robbery?What happens during the robbery? What are the consequences for Mickey?How does Mickey’s changing fortunes affect Linda?How do you think Linda secures a new home for herself and Mickey?
171Lesson 26: Linda and Edward Teacher-of-English.comBlood BrothersPart FourLesson 26: Linda and Edward
172Linda and EdwardObjectives:To develop understanding of how Russell develops relationships between characters
174Linda and Mickey Mickey’s Feelings Linda’s Feelings Linda and Mickey have a complex relationship. The way Linda interacts with Mickey and Edward is pivotal to our understanding of her character.When Mickey is sent to prison there are serious consequences for Linda and Mickey’s relationship. How do things change between them?Mickey’s FeelingsLinda’s Feelings
175Why do her feelings change? Linda and EdwardLinda and Edward also have a complex relationship.When Mickey is addicted to the antidepressant drugs how do her feelings towards Edward begin to change?Linda’s FeelingsEdward’s FeelingsWhy do her feelings change?
176Linda, Mickey and Edward Do you have any sympathy for Linda? Explain your answer.What do you think of her affair with Edward?Do you think Mickey’s treatment of Linda is justified? Give reasons to back up your opinion.How do you think Linda feels about Mickey? Support your answer with evidence from the text.Why do you think Edward has an affair with Linda?Can you spot any similarities between Linda and Mrs Johnstone?
177Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Four Lesson 27: Got the plot?
178Got the plot?Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot of Act Two
179The story so farAutumn arrives and _____ and _____ lives begin to take separate roads. While Edward is having fun at _____ Mickey is having to cope with the _______ of adult life. Linda falls _____ and Mickey _____ her but soon afterwards Mickey is made _____ due to the economic ______. At _____ Edward returns home expecting a _____ but Mickey is not in the mood. Mickey is _____ and _____ of Edward’s life and he tells him to “beat it before I ___ y’”. Upset, Edward asks Linda to _____ him, he doesn’t know that she is already married. Desperate, Mickey decides to help Sammy in a _____ but he is caught, arrested and _____ for 7 years.
180The story so farAutumn arrives and Mickey and Edward’s lives begin to take separate roads. While Edward is having fun at university Mickey is having to cope with the responsibilities of adult life. Linda falls pregnant and Mickey marries her but soon afterwards Mickey is made redundant due to the economic recession. At Christmas Edward returns home expecting a party but Mickey is not in the mood. Mickey is bitter and jealous of Edward’s life and he tells him to “beat it before I hit y’”. Upset, Edward asks Linda to marry him, he doesn’t know that she is already married. Desperate, Mickey decides to help Sammy in a robbery but he is caught, arrested and imprisoned for 7 years.
181The Comic Strip Create a comic strip version of Part Four. Edward leaves Liverpool for university
182Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Four Lesson 28: In the Hotseat
183In the HotseatObjectives:To complete a speaking and listening activity to develop your understanding of the characters
184The Deaths of Mickey and Edward Just as Mrs Lyons said at the start of the play, as soon as Mickey and Edward learn that they were separated at birth they both die. What would Mrs Johnstone, Mrs Lyons and Linda be feeling and thinking following the deaths of the twins?
185In the hotseatSplit into groups of three. Each member of the group must assume the identity of a character from the play (either Mrs Johnstone, Mrs Lyons or Linda). Your teacher will put forward a series of questions to each of the characters. Characters must respond to the questions in detail and in role, showing a depth of understanding of the character and plot. Some possible questions are included on the next slide.Mrs JohnstoneMrs LyonsLinda
186Ideas for questionsThe following are merely suggestions for questions which could be directed to the characters.How did you feel when Mickey and Edward were killed?How did you feel when you discovered that Mickey and Edward were twins (Linda)?What are your thoughts and feelings about Mrs Johnstone?What are your thoughts and feelings about Mrs Lyons?How do you feel about Linda? (Mrs Johnstone & Mrs Lyons)What do you most regret?If you could go back in time what would you do differently?
187PlenaryOne or more groups could perform their hot seating to the class.Audience members could ask additional questions to the characters.Consider what you have learnt about some of the characters from studying this scene.
188Teacher-of-English.com Blood Brothers Part Four Lesson 29: Got the plot?
189Got the plot?Objectives:To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the ending of Blood Brothers
190The end of the playWhen Mickey emerges from prison he is addicted to ______ and is difficult to live with. An _____ Linda seeks comfort in _____ arms but _____ tells Mickey about the affair and he flies into a rage, grabs Sammy’s ___ and confronts _____ at the ____ ____. In a desperate attempt to stop Mickey, ______ tells him the truth but rather than calming things this deepens his _____, and as he waves the ___ at Edward it accidentally goes off and ____ Edward. The police marksmen then ____ Mickey and the play ends with Mrs Johnstone ____ over her two dead ____.
191The end of the playWhen Mickey emerges from prison he is addicted to anti-depressants and is difficult to live with. An unhappy Linda seeks comfort in Edward’s arms but Mrs Lyons tells Mickey about the affair and he flies into a rage, grabs Sammy’s gun and confronts Edward at the Town Hall. In a desperate attempt to stop Mickey, Mrs Johnstone tells him the truth but rather than calming things this deepens his anger, and as he waves the gun at Edward it accidentally goes off and kills Edward. The police marksmen then shoot Mickey and the play ends with Mrs Johnstone crying over her two dead sons.
192The Comic Strip Create a comic strip version of Part Four. Mickey is addicted to anti-depressants