Presentation on theme: "Study of eye communication"— Presentation transcript:
1 Study of eye communication OculesicsStudy of eye communication
2 How is eye contact used? What’s it mean? to monitor feedback (What do you think?)secure attention w/ larger groups (like in speeches)regulate or control a conversation (teacher/student)establish relationship (when you like someone you increase eye contact)visual dominance (like animals)shorten distances (brings us closer together)
3 Eye Avoidance to maintain privacy How is eye avoidance used? What does it mean?to maintain privacyblock stimuli (bad sound/close eyes, other good sense/close eyes to heighten other senses-music)lack of interest
4 Pupil Dilationenlarge when interested or emotionally aroused (such as when you like someone or thing)
5 Belladonna15-16 Cent. Italian women put drops of belladonna into eyes to enlarge pupils, thought to be more attractive1975 study: 2 photos, one large pupils, one small pupils, men asked to describe- women w/ small pupils=cold, hard, selfish; women w/ large pupils=feminine, softWhy do women use so much eyeliner, mascara, etc? To enlarge eyes
6 Oculesics Practice Staring contest Eye contact around the room Look at each person for several secondsScan from one side to the otherRaise your handStaring contestFind a partner & move to see them1st, you can blink2nd, you cannot blink
7 What happens biologically when we speak? DiagramCheck if you’re breathing correctly
8 Paralanguage The way in which you say words; volume, pitch, speaking rate, voice quality
9 Volume How loudly or softly you are speaking When might you speak loudly?Softly?
10 Speaking Rate/Pace How fast or slow you are speaking When might you speak fast?slow?
11 Pitch How high or low the sounds of your voice are When do you speak with a high pitch?Low?
12 Chart of Feelings Do write this down. VolumePacePitchAngerLoudFastHighJoySadnessSoftSlowLow
13 Voice QualityWhat makes people able to recognize you by your voice aloneEx: on the phoneWho has a distinct voice?Arnold Schwarzenegger? Mr. H? Bush?
14 StressVolume & pitch; the amount of emphasis you place on different words in a sentence.
15 Stress Examples: How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words? I like him very much.Meaning: You like him, not the other person.Meaning: It is that guy you like, not someone else.Meaning: You have very strong feelings.
16 More Examples: How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words? She’s giving this money to me.Meaning: SHE is the one giving the money, nobody else.Meaning: She is GIVING, not lending.Meaning: MONEY is being exchanged, not anything else.Meaning: I am getting the money, nobody else.
17 10 Volunteers are needed to number off and remember their number 10 Volunteers are needed to number off and remember their number. There will be a series of sentences. The odd numbers will say the sentences as a praise. The even numbers will say the sentences as a criticism. Praise (odd #s) vs. Critisism (even #s)
18 That looks good on you.#1 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.Answer: That looks good (high pitch) on you.#2 say the sentence as a criticism.Answer: That (low) looks good on you.
19 That was some meal.#3 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.Answer: That was some meal (high).#4 say the sentence as a criticism.Answer: That was some meal (low) . Or That (low) was some meal.
20 You’re an expert.#5 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.Answer: You’re (high) an expert (high).#6 say the sentence as a criticism.Answer: You’re an expert (low).
21 You’re so sensitive.#7 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.Answer: You’re so sensitive (high).#8 say the sentence as a criticism.Answer: You’re so (low) sensitive.
22 Are you ready?#9 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.Answer: Are you ready (high)?#10 say the sentence as a criticism.Answer: Are you (low) ready (high)?
23 The study of spatial communication ProxemicsThe study of spatial communication
24 Four Distances depending on the type of encounter and the nature of the relationship Typical Situation
25 Intimate Distance: 0-18 inches Situations: Giving comfort or aid, whispering, conversing w/ close friends and family, kissingWe are easily stimulated in this distance, but often easily uncomfortable.EX: personal space. Who do we let in it?
26 Personal Distance: 18 inches-4 feet Situations: Talking w/ friends or business associates, instructing in a sport, other students in classWe’re mostly in this distance.If you decrease to intimate in this distance people feel uncomfortable, but if you increase your distance people feel rejected.
27 Social Distance: 4 ft - 12 ft Situations: Discussing impersonal or business matters w/ someone in authority, taking part in a small group discussion
28 Public Distance: 12 ft - 25 ft Situations: Public speaking, teaching a class, leading a pep rally, fans in the stands at a game, people waiting in a lobbyMostly with strangers we do not want to interact with
29 Factors Influencing Distance Based on research of Burgoon, Buller, and Woodall (1995)
30 Age Distance increases with age People maintain closer distances with peers than with persons much older or younger
31 PersonalityIntroverts and highly anxious people maintain greater distances than do extroverts
32 RelationalPersons more familiar with each other maintain shorter distancesPersons maintain shorter distances with those they likeThe greater the status difference, the greater the difference
33 Context The more formal the situation, the greater the distance Shorter distances are maintained for cooperative tasks than for competitive tasksThe greater the space, the shorter the distance
34 GenderWomen sit and stand closer to each other than do men in same-sex dyadsPeople approach women more closely than they approach men
35 ConclusionsBased on the four types of distances and their examples, what can you conclude about the correlation between the distance people have with you and what that might mean?The closer the more they like you; the farther away the less personal.
36 The study of touch communication HapticsThe study of touch communication