Presentation on theme: "Eating Disorders. Disordered eating vs. Eating disorders Disordered eating-a variety of abnormal or unusual eating behaviors that are used to keep or."— Presentation transcript:
Disordered eating vs. Eating disorders Disordered eating-a variety of abnormal or unusual eating behaviors that are used to keep or maintain a lower body weight Eating disorders- a clinically diagnosed psychiatric disorder characterized by severe disturbances in body image and eating habits
disordering eating influences ●Genetic Factors-common among sibling or blood relatives ●Family influences- some family dynamics and structures can contribute to the the development of an eating disorder ●Media influences- Ideal body type for men and women. ●Social and Cultural Values- what is seen as the ideal person is influenced by social and cultural interactions ●Personality influences -Obsessive-compulsive behavior and perfectionism can contribute to development of an eating disorder or is created by one
Anorexia Nervosa … a potentiation life-threatening eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, which leads to a deficiency in energy and nutrients for body function More prevalent in females than males ● symptoms are: restrictive eating patterns, misconceptions about what they look like and what they believe they look like, Amenorrhea(not getting a period)
Anorexia Nervosa Health risk include: ●dry and brittle hair and nails ●skin is dry, bruised and easily discolored ●can become anemic ●increased risk of infections by compromising immune system ●Electrolyte imbalance and dehydration ●infertility caused by hormone disruption ●loss of muscle do to the its need as an energy source ●mood changes ●abnormal thyroid glands ●Low blood pressure and abnormal heart rate ●dizziness and fainting ●constipation ●abdominal pain and bloating ●osteopenia ●low calcium absorption https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VS2mfWDry PE
Bulimia Nervosa... an eating disorder characterized by binge eating (large amounts of food are consumed in a certain time) that is compensated by periods of purging (self induce vomiting, fasting, excessive exercise or laxatives/diuretics) Diagnostic criteria is: recurrent episodes of binging eating lasting 2 hours, then inappropriate compensatory behavior to avoid weight gain. Binge eating happens twice a week for 3 months. other symptoms: Chronic inflamed and sore throat, Swollen neck glands, worn tooth enamel and decaying teeth, severe dehydration and intestinal distress.
Bulimia Nervosa Health issues: ●electrolyte imbalance ●irregular heartbeat ●inflamed or rupture esophagus ●irregular bowel movements and constipation ●Dental issues
Binge Eating Disorder … characterized by binge eating an average of twice a week without a compensation behavior. ●This can cause a significant weight gain o dependant on the food consume can increase risk of heart disease and diabetes ●Common in men ●low self esteem and depression are also common side effects
Muscle Dysmorphia Common in males, in which they see themselves as frail or small, even though that is not the case. Their biology can not match their ideal body size and shape. tend to use performance-enhancing drugs and consume high protein food or supplements. Report feeling fat and will avoid activities that interfere with their routine and diet. Can be hard to identify because the person looks health https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5y15qOqTZY
Treatment and Diagnoses of Eating Disorders Most common treatments are anti-depressant medication (⅔ of patients with anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa are also diagnosed with depression) and cognitive behavior therapies to change the person’s thinking about their bodies. Diagnoses of Eating disorders can be hard to determine because of the constant dieting that many men and women do in order to fit in to the ideal body type.
Obesity Rates of obesity have steadily risen for many years now. Genetics can be a factor in obesity and the hormone Leptin can play a role in a person’s weight. however the rates do not reflex these reason as why there is a rise in obesity.
Obesity Social factors- People are short in time which can influence lifestyle choices in taking the easy way out. Fast food and driving are easier but unhealthy. Family Influences- if a family over eats together they increase the risk of becoming overweight Stress eating and comfort food can also add to the obesity risk