Presentation on theme: "Protect Your Health During Hajj & Ziyarat"— Presentation transcript:
1Protect Your Health During Hajj & Ziyarat October 31, 2006Vancouver, CanadaAnd proclaim the Hajj to people: They shall come to you on foot and on lean camels – coming from distant places…”(Surat Al-Hajj 22:27)
2Part 1 – Ladies & Gents“A person seeing (visiting) my grave deserves my intercession. And a person who visits me after my death is like a person who visited me during my lifetime.”(Holy Prophet, saw)
3Vaccination Consult your doctor 6-8 weeks before departure Vaccination requirementsMeningococcal VaccineOther Vaccines
4Vaccinations Continued... Four Weeks Before Departure:♦ Typhoid Injection - if you have not had it in the last three years. (You can have capsules if you prefer).♦ Tetanus Injection - if you have not had it in the last 10 years. If your have never had them, you will need a full course of three.♦ Polio Drops - if you have not had them in the last 10 years. If you have never had them, you will need a full course of three.♦ Hepatitis A & B Injection – 3 doses (start, 1 month and 6 months)♦ Meningitis quadrivalent ACWY - if you have not had it in the last 3 years.
5Economy Class Syndrome DVT GUIDELINES♦ Wear loose and baggy clothing during the flight♦ Drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids to prevent dehydration♦ Stand up in the seat area and stretch arms and legs everycouple of hours.♦ Avoid crossing legs when seated.♦ Carry out foot and leg exercises frequently.♦ Walk around the cabin as often as possible.
6♦ Carry-on luggage should not be kept in a position that would interfere with the mobility of your legs. As well, a cushion should be used on the seat if it is very hard. ♦ If you can take aspirin, have one tablet on the morning of travel. Please consult your GP first
7vaccinations are not enough to prevent diseases General AdviceMalariaDental Check-upGeneral HygieneCold Weather ProtectionAvoid Direct HeatDrink plenty of clear waterEat Safe foodsRemember…vaccinations are not enough to prevent diseases
8Colds & Coughs Salt Tablets Sore Throat Cough, constipation and diarrhea medicationOther medications
10Diseases and Precautions ♦ Sore Throat: Avoid cold drinks, over-crowding, dust, contact with other people with sore throats or cough.♦ Chest Infection: Avoid dust, overcrowding and contact with other people with sore throats or coughs.♦ Heat Exhaustion: (Muscle weakness due to loss of body salt) - Avoid direct heat from the sun. Drink plenty of water and take salt tablets.♦ Heat Stroke: Avoid direct heat from the sun. Get medical help immediately. THIS IS AN EMERGENCY.
11♦ Cholera: Caught by contaminated water or food ♦ Cholera: Caught by contaminated water or food. Vaccination does not give protection. Take scrupulous care over food and drink.♦ Infectious Hepatitis (Jaundice): There is a high risk of this disease in Haj and Ziarat because of poor sanitation. It is caught by consuming contaminated food or water or contact with an infected person. Take scrupulous care over food, drink and hygiene. Get yourself vaccinated. (Vaccine lasts 1 year or 10 years depending on dose taken).
12Diseases and Precautions cont... ♦ Malaria: Caught by a bite from an infected mosquito. Take anti-malaria tablets. Avoid mosquito bites.♦ Polio: Caught by direct contact with infected person. Take scrupulous care over food and drink. Get yourself vaccinated.♦ Tetanus: Risk areas are places where medical facilities are not available. It is caught by open injury. Wash any wound thoroughly. Get yourself vaccinated.♦ Typhoid: Caught by contaminated food, water or milk. Take scrupulous care over food and drink. Get yourself vaccinated. (Vaccine lasts three years).♦ Meningitis: Caught by contact with an infected person. This is a very serious condition and potentially fatal. Get yourself vaccinated. (Vaccine lasts 3 years).
13WASH YOUR HANDS WITH SOAP AND WATER FREQUENTLY Proven in research to be the most effective method ofpreventing infections
14Special Precautions Asthma Avoid dust, perfume, car fumes etc Ventolin, AdvairDiabetes and Heart DiseaseNitrosprayASAGlucose monitoringWater spray bottles or AVIAN SPRAYUmbrella, capsHalak – Beware of used blades – can transmit HIV, Hep B, C, E
15Special Precautions cont...… Waajibaat FirstHajre Aswad – Only after Waajibaats are over! Avoid fractured ribsNight/day reversal as much as possibleAdequate sleep – Not enough sleep affects the immune system“glucose tablets” not very usefulAvoiding fungal infections by using creams
16Special Precautions during Rituals ArafatAvoid dehydration – use the toiletsHeat exhaustion and pneumonia at nightMinaHitting Shaytan – special precautions such as glasses etcTake your time to carry out the rituals – don’t worry…organizers will ensure you get everything done – its not a competition.
17First Aid Act quickly, quietly and methodically Give priority to the most urgent patientControl bleedingReassure and encourage patientDo not allow people to crowd patientDo not give anything by mouth to patient who is unconscious, who has internal injury or who may need an operationCall for an ambulance or doctor asap
18First Aid - Common Emergencies - Bleeding WoundsApply direct pressure to the wound for 10 – 15 minutesLower head if possibleApply a dressing and firm band aid - but not too tightFaintingLay patient flat on floor or bed (if not possible then lower his/her head between his/her knees)Loosen clothing at the neck, chest and waistReassure and urge patient to breath deeply, help him/her to move the muscles of the legs, thighs and buttocks to help the circulation of blood.On recover, sips of water may be given
19Suggested Medications Prescribed medications … do not forget themAntibiotics – 2 courses (Cipro, Z pack)Anti diarrhoea such as ImmodiumVitamins (particularly Vitamin C)HC with Canesten creams or other creamsAnalgesics such as Tyelenol, Motrin, AdvilOCP/Primolut N
21O Allah! Bless the pilgrims and zuwwar with travel provision and sustenance and let them fulfuill what you have regulated in Hajj and ‘Umrah. (Imam Al-Mahdi, as)
22Part 2 – Ladies Only“The following things are not necessary for women to perform in the Hajj:Pronounce the Talbiyyah (Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk) out loud;Perform the Harwalah (act of briefly running) between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwah;Rubbing of the hand on the Hajral Aswad; entering into the Ka’bah;Shaving of the head; instead, they only cut some of their hair.”Imam Muhammad Baqir (as)
23Part 2 – Ladies Only Introduction Planning Ahead Bleeding during Hajj Menstruation during Hajj:IntroductionPlanning AheadBleeding during Hajj
24Ensuring WaajibaatOn the first day of your last menstrual period commence a contraceptive pill.You may choose from the following - Microgynon 30, Brevinor, Ovysmen, Marvelon and Ovranette.(If for medical reasons you can not take the contraceptive pill, then start taking Norethesteron 5mg tablets three times a days 2 days before expected period, continue taking them for as long as you want to postpone your period.) NO BREAK AFTER 21 DAYS. You must consult your doctor (General Practitioner) before commencing the pill.
25♦ Continue with the pill throughout the duration of the pilgrimage. ♦ Consult your doctor (GP) and ask for a supply of Norethesterone (Primolet N) 5 mg tablets. Take one tablet three times a day if bleeding commences. Use as a contingency.Other drugs such as Provera, Danazol (Danol), etc. may be prescribed by your doctor and may be effective in stopping bleeding.
26What do I do if I am on the OCP and then start spotting or bleeding during Hajj? Consult an expert doctor in one of the groupsPrimolut N 5 mg three times a daySometimes the dose may need to be higher