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INTRODUCTION H1N1 o Swine Flu Is Influenza like Illness caused by Virus [H1N1] o Was reported from Mexico in 2009 & it had spread to United States and.

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Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION H1N1 o Swine Flu Is Influenza like Illness caused by Virus [H1N1] o Was reported from Mexico in 2009 & it had spread to United States and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 INTRODUCTION H1N1 o Swine Flu Is Influenza like Illness caused by Virus [H1N1] o Was reported from Mexico in 2009 & it had spread to United States and other continents. o Most people recover without need for hospitalization

3 WHAT HAPPENS ? o Patient has acute respiratory illness with fever ≥ 38* C o Illness Starts Within 7 days of contact with diagnosed Swine Flu person o Diagnosis is confirmed by Government approved laboratories by special test

4 o 1 day to 7 days after the onset of symptoms. o Illness persist for > 7 days, communicability persist till resolution of illness. o Children may spread the virus for a longer period. COMMUNICABILITY

5 SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Symptoms are similar to seasonal flu. o Fever o Cough o Sore throat o Runny or stuffy nose o Body aches

6 o Headache o Chills o Fatigue o Vomiting & diarrhea reported in 25% cases SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

7 HOW DOES SWINE FLU SPREAD? Primarily through respiratory droplets – Coughing – Sneezing – Touching droplets or touching object which has virus & then touching mouth, nose, eyes without washing hands

8 EMERGENCY WARNING SIGNS IN CHILDREN o Fast breathing or trouble breathing o Bluish or gray skin o Not drinking enough fluids o Severe or persistent vomiting o Not waking up / interacting o Irritable o Symptoms improve then return with fever & worse cough If a child gets sick and experiences any of these warning signs, seek emergency medical care.

9 SWINE FLU - CATEGORY- A 1.Mild fever / cough / sore throat / with or without body ache, headache, diarrhoea and vomiting 2.Treat, Monitor progress 3.Reassess at 24 to 48 hours. 4.Confine at home and avoid mixing up with people What To Do : Do not require Oseltamivir ( tamiflu ) or testing for H1N1.

10 SWINE FLU- CATEGORY-B o Mild fever / cough / sore throat / with or without body ache, headache, diarrhoea and vomiting o Children / Pregnant women / Persons > 65 years o Patients with lung / heart / liver / kidney diseases, diabetes, cancer and HIV What To Do : To confine at home and avoid mixing with people Shall be treated with Oseltamivir ( tamiflu ) No tests for H1N1 is required

11 SWINE FLU - CATEGORY-C Category-A and B, with 1.Breathlessness, chest pain, drowsiness, fall in BP, sputum mixed with blood, bluish discolouration of nails 2.Children with Sleepiness, high & persistent fever, not feeding, convulsions, shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing etc. 3.Worsening of underlying chronic conditions. What To Do : Require testing, immediate hospitalization & treatment.

12 PREVENTIVE MEDICATION Only on Medical Advise To o All close contacts of confirmed cases. o Oseltamivir ( tamiflu ) is the drug of choice.

13 PREVENT SWINE FLU – SPREAD AWARENESS Let Us All Work Together To Reduce Transmission And Illness Severity & To Provide Information To Maximum People

14 PREVENT SWINE FLU Hand hygiene 1.Wash hands often with soap and water 2.Use an alcohol based hand gel. Cough etiquette 1.Cover mouth and nose with a handkerchief/tissue when you cough or sneeze. 2.Wear mask Facemasks

15 PREVENT SWINE FLU DO NOT: 1)Shake hands or hug in greeting 2)Spit in public 3)Take medicines without consulting a physician

16 PREVENT SWINE FLU 1)Avoid touching eyes, nose or mouth. 2)Avoid crowded places 3)Stay more than an arm's length from persons afflicted with flu 4)Gargle With Warm Water with Salt Twice a Day

17 PREVENT SWINE FLU IMPROVE YOUR IMMUNITY 1.Get plenty of sleep 2.Drink plenty of water 3.Eat nutritious food 4.Have More Vitamin C Rich Food, ( Amla, Lemon, Tomatoes Etc. )

18 PREVENT SWINE FLU IMPROVE YOUR IMMUNITY 1.Be Physically Active ( Exercises, Walking, Yoga, Etc. ) 2.Drink Plenty Of Hot Fluids ( Soups, Ginger- Lemon Water, Tea – Coffee, Green Tea, Milk Etc. )

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