Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 14, PAGE 405-422 Respiratory Disorders. Overview 1. Definition 2. Recognize and describe the most commonly occurring disorders of the respiratory."— Presentation transcript:
Overview 1. Definition 2. Recognize and describe the most commonly occurring disorders of the respiratory system. 2. Learn about different activities, techniques, and exercises, including breathing programs, for individuals with respiratory disorders that physical therapists, educators and fitness trainers can use.
What are Respiratory Disorders? First…what is the respiratory system? (Encarta Dictionary) Respiratory Disorders?
Most Common Respiratory Disorders Asthma A chronic disease in which periodic attacks are followed by periods of remission of the symptoms Cause: swelling of the mucous membrane lining the bronchial tubes, excessive secretion of mucous and spasms of the bronchial tubes. Extrinsic Asthma Exercise Induced Asthma (EIA) Treatment: physical activity, American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that asthmatic children be encouraged to participate in physical education and sport programs. Inhalers and prescribed drugs. Hay Fever An allergic disease caused by sensitivity to specific substances in the air (mold, pollen). Effects only the upper level of the respiratory system. Can be a possible precursor to asthma. Treatment: Avoid the allergen and use antihistamines or other drugs.
Most Common Respiratory Disorders Cystic Fibrosis An abnormality or inadequacy of some hormone or enzyme of the body that affects the excretion of mucus, saliva, and perspiration. Cause: heredity; inherited as a Mendelian or recessive trait; both parents must carry the trait. Interfere with the processes of breathing and digestion. Treatment: Procedures to drain liquids from the lungs, dieting to avoid fatty foods and ensure ingestion of large amounts of protein. Bronchitis An inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs. Cause: the long term inhalation of irritants such as dust and tobacco fumes. Symptoms: Acute Chronic Treatment: antibiotics and medications to loosen phlegm and postural drainage. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7ZL qh79BKU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7ZL qh79BKU
Needs and Adjustments IEP’s and Exercise Prescriptions/Programs Physical Educators Physical Therapists Fitness Trainers Deep breathing exercises Increase strength Breathing Activity!! Postural drainage positions (p. 414)
Needs and Adjustments To keep students motivated and engaged in physical activity, teachers can: Develop a social acceptance Paper towels and tissue Positive attitude Teach techniques of conscious relaxation. Yoga, tai chi, static stretching. Will create a successful and relaxing environment for students who are in poor physical condition and can motivate them to want to try other physical education activities.
Review Defined respiratory disorders. Description of the most common respiratory disorders. Activities and techniques that professionals use to adapt to people with respiratory disorders. Breathing Activity
References Dunn, J. M. & Leitschuh, C. A.. (2006). Special physical education (8 th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. Respiratory System. (2009). Retrieved April 21, 2009, from MSN Encarta: http://encarta.msn.com/Respiratory_System.ht ml http://encarta.msn.com/Respiratory_System.ht