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DENTAL UNIT. Dental Abbreviations  ADA-American Dental Association  ADAA-American Dental Assistant Association  DANB-Dental Assistant National Board.

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Presentation on theme: "DENTAL UNIT. Dental Abbreviations  ADA-American Dental Association  ADAA-American Dental Assistant Association  DANB-Dental Assistant National Board."— Presentation transcript:

1 DENTAL UNIT

2 Dental Abbreviations  ADA-American Dental Association  ADAA-American Dental Assistant Association  DANB-Dental Assistant National Board  CDA-Certified Dental Assistant  RDH-Registered Dental Hygenist

3 Dental Unit  There are 20 baby teeth  Permanent teeth begin to erupt in the mouth at age 5  There are 32 permanent teeth (adult)  Odontology is the growth and study of diseases  Periodontium supports and surrounds the teeth  Transverse/Horizontal plane separates the mouth into a maxillary and mandibular section

4 Dental Laboratory Technician  Aid the dentist  Provide retainers  Manufacture dentures  2 years of college

5 Dental Assistant  Operate and maintain dental equipment  Perform x-rays  Position the patient  Take impressions  Demonstrate brushing techniques (good hygiene)  Usually get reimbursed by the dentist for continuing education classes  29% growth in the next 10 years

6 Tooth Anatomy

7  Dentin-tissue making up main bulk of tooth  Apical Foramen-opening in tip of root of the tooth  Pulp-made of nerves and blood vessels  Cervix/Cemento-enamel junction-area where crown joins root  Crown-section of tooth visible in the mouth  Enamel-forms protective outer layer on the tooth  Cementum-tissue that helps hold tooth in place  Root-section of tooth below gingiva and gums  Pulp-provides nourishment and sensation for the tooth  Enamel-hardest tissue in the body

8 Alveolar Process  Contains a series of sockets  Bone tissue that surrounds the root of the teeth

9 Attached Gingiva  Gum tissue attached to alveolar bone  Made of epithelial tissue covered with mucous membrane

10 Free Gingiva  Gum tissue that surrounds cervix and fills interproximal spaces  Made of epithelial tissue covered with mucous membrane

11 Periodontal Ligament  Contains nerves and blood vessels that provide nourishment  Fibers of connective tissue that attach to the cementum and alveolus  Acts as a shock absorber and prevents teeth from resting on the bone

12 Wisdom Teeth 3 rd molars Show up around 16-25 years old Hypodontia Supernumerary Impacted: fail to erupt from gingiva, different categories

13 Identification of the Teeth

14  Bicuspids- Pulverize or grind food  Cuspids- tear food, Aka canines/eyeteeth, longest teeth in the mouth  Incisors- broad, sharp edges, use to cut food  Molars-largest and strongest teeth, located in the back of the mouth

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