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Semi-colons; colons; hyphens…. Use a semi-colon in the following situations:  To join two independent clauses The house looks dark; perhaps we should.

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Presentation on theme: "Semi-colons; colons; hyphens…. Use a semi-colon in the following situations:  To join two independent clauses The house looks dark; perhaps we should."— Presentation transcript:

1 Semi-colons; colons; hyphens…

2 Use a semi-colon in the following situations:  To join two independent clauses The house looks dark; perhaps we should have called first.  To fix a run-on sentence Jen was determined to win the race; she knew that she needed to practice. Use a semi-colon in the following situations:  To join two independent clauses The house looks dark; perhaps we should have called first.  To fix a run-on sentence Jen was determined to win the race; she knew that she needed to practice.

3 Use a colon in the following situations:  To introduce a list of items that ends a sentence (Do not use a colon after a verb!) Bring the following tools: hammer, drill, and wrench. NOT: You should bring: hammer, drill, and wrench.  To separate the hour and the minute in time 12:42 A.M. 1:45 P.M.  After the greeting in a business letter Dear Sir: Dear Ms. Smith: Use a colon in the following situations:  To introduce a list of items that ends a sentence (Do not use a colon after a verb!) Bring the following tools: hammer, drill, and wrench. NOT: You should bring: hammer, drill, and wrench.  To separate the hour and the minute in time 12:42 A.M. 1:45 P.M.  After the greeting in a business letter Dear Sir: Dear Ms. Smith:

4  To express a ratio 3:125:100  To indicate dialogue in a play or script Brian: I want to play baseball. Mike: Great idea. Brian: I’ll get my gear and you get yours.  Before subtitles of books, articles, chapters and verses John 3:16 (the book of John, chapter 3, verse 16) Michael Jordan: Basketball Superman (book title)  To express a ratio 3:125:100  To indicate dialogue in a play or script Brian: I want to play baseball. Mike: Great idea. Brian: I’ll get my gear and you get yours.  Before subtitles of books, articles, chapters and verses John 3:16 (the book of John, chapter 3, verse 16) Michael Jordan: Basketball Superman (book title)

5 Use hyphens in these situations: o To divide words at the end of a line esti-mateexperi-mentation o In a hyphenated modifier He smiled that I’ve-been-up-to-something smile. o After any prefix joined to a noun or adjective ex-spouseself-confidence Use hyphens in these situations: o To divide words at the end of a line esti-mateexperi-mentation o In a hyphenated modifier He smiled that I’ve-been-up-to-something smile. o After any prefix joined to a noun or adjective ex-spouseself-confidence

6  In scores We beat our arch rival  In numbers twenty-twothirty-five  To represent “through” Read pages before class tomorrow. The pet store is open Monday-Friday. William Shakespeare ( ) is perhaps the most famous writer of all time.  In scores We beat our arch rival  In numbers twenty-twothirty-five  To represent “through” Read pages before class tomorrow. The pet store is open Monday-Friday. William Shakespeare ( ) is perhaps the most famous writer of all time.

7 Use semi-colons, colons, and hyphens correctly in these sentences: 1. We won the game the score was Can you believe we won by sixty eight points? 3. The coach had that I knew you could do it smile after the game. 4. My mom was early because she thought the game started at 7 30 it really started at His great grandmother was cheering loudly at his magnificent through the hoop plays.

8 1. We won the game; the score was Can you believe we won by sixty-eight points? 3. The coach had that I-knew-you-could-do-it smile after the game. 4. My mom was early because she thought the game started at 7:30; it really started at 8: His great-grandmother was cheering loudly at his magnificent through-the-hoop plays.

9 Dear Mr. Roberts: My newer-than-new washing machine does not work like your amazing commercial advertised! No, it sure doesn’t. My washing machine has numerous problems: dancing across the floor of the laundry room, leaking water out around the door, making extremely loud banging noises as it spins. I will be home at 5:00 on Tuesday; I need a repairman at my house at that time. I’ll be waiting! Disappointed buyer, Mrs. Sudsy Clean


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