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Subpart R Steel Erection

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Presentation on theme: "Subpart R Steel Erection"— Presentation transcript:

1 1926.752-754 Subpart R Steel Erection
Provided by: OPERATION SAFE SITE™ Kaar Construction Management Services, LLC 120 Ledyard Street Hartford, CT 06114 PH FX TOLL FREE SAFE (7233) Construction Safety Specialists

2 .752 Site Layout, Erection Plan, Construction Sequence

3 Written Authorization
Approval to begin steel erection - Before authorizing the start of steel erection, the controlling contractor must ensure that the steel erector is provided with the following written notifications:

4 Written Notifications
Concrete in footings, piers or walls must reach 75% of the intended minimum compressive strength or sufficient strength to support loads (as approved by the Engineer of Record) Repairs to anchor bolts must be in accordance with .755(b)

5 Testing Requirements All concrete and masonry testing must be done in accordance with American Society of Testing and Manufacturing (ASTM) standards

6 Written Notifications
Commencement of Steel erection - Steel erection contractor shall not erect steel unless written notice that the concrete in the footings, piers and walls or mortar in the masonry piers has attained 75% of minimum compressive strength

7 Site Layout The controlling contractor shall provide and maintain:
Adequate access roads Firm, properly graded, drained area readily accessible with adequate space for safe storage of materials and equipment

8 Site Layout

9 Site Layout Routes preplanned to ensure no employee required to work under a suspended load except: Connectors Employees responsible for hooking/unhooking the load

10 Erection Plan Site-Specific Erection Plan - Allowed as an “alternative” to some specific provisions: (c)(5) deactivating safety latches (a)(4) setting some steel joists (e)(4)(i) placing bundled decking shall be developed by a qualified person and be available Due to changing scope from project to project, a plan may be good practice for ALL operations

11 .753 Hoisting and Rigging

12 It happens…

13 Inspections Pre-shift visual inspection of cranes by a competent person

14 Main Inspection Points
Wire rope reeving Electrical equipment Hydraulic fluid levels Tires Ground conditions Level of equipment Level of equipment after each move Control mechanisms Drive mechanism Safety devices Air & hydraulic lines Hooks & latches Just discuss these as the main points required to be inspected. At a minimum this inspection shall include the following: (A) All control mechanisms for maladjustments; (B) Control and drive mechanism for excessive wear of components and contamination by lubricants, water or other foreign matter; (C) Safety devices, including but not limited to boom angle indicators, boom stops, boom kick out devices, anti-two block devices, and load moment indicators where required; (D) Air, hydraulic, and other pressurized lines for deterioration or leakage, particularly those which flex in normal operation; (E) Hooks and latches for deformation, chemical damage, cracks, or wear; (F) Wire rope reeving for compliance with hoisting equipment manufacturer's specifications; (G) Electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs of excessive deterioration, dirt, or moisture accumulation; (H) Hydraulic system for proper fluid level; (I) Tires for proper inflation and condition; (J) Ground conditions around the hoisting equipment for proper support, including ground settling under and around outriggers, ground water accumulation, or similar conditions; (K) The hoisting equipment for level position; and (L) The hoisting equipment for level position after each move and setup. (ii) If any deficiency is identified, an immediate determination shall be made by the competent person as to whether the deficiency constitutes a hazard. (iii) If the deficiency is determined to constitute a hazard, the hoisting equipment shall be removed from service until the deficiency has been corrected. (iv) The operator shall be responsible for those operations under the operator's direct control. Whenever there is any doubt as to safety, the operator shall have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until safety has been assured.

15 Inspections The operator shall be responsible for those operations under the operator's direct control. Whenever there is any doubt as to safety, the operator shall have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until safety has been assured

16 Inspections A qualified rigger shall inspect the rigging prior to each shift

17 Crane Supported Platforms
Cranes may hoist employees with a personnel platform meeting the requirements of .550(g) For steel erection activities, the determination of “no other feasible means” is no longer required  Still recommended, however

18 No Riding the Ball!!!

19 Hoisting Operations May deactivate safety latches on hooks for some purlin and joist hoisting if done under an erection plan. This is to allow an operator to drop out of the slings. Therefore the slings can be released without a worker having to climb on a member that is not yet stable enough to support his load. But you must have a plan to do it. (except for § (g)(2)) are met. (5) Safety latches on hooks shall not be deactivated or made inoperable except: (i) When a qualified rigger has determined that the hoisting and placing of purlins and single joists can be performed more safely by doing so; or (ii) When equivalent protection is provided in a site-specific erection plan. This nylon sling could cut

20 Working Under Loads Routes preplanned to ensure no employee required to work under a suspended load except: Connectors Employees responsible for hooking/unhooking the load

21 Working Under Loads When working under suspended loads:
Routes shall be pre-planned Materials shall be rigged to prevent unintentional displacement Hooks shall have self-closing latches

22 Multiple Lift Rigging Procedure (Christmas Treeing)
Multiple Lift Rigging procedure - can be used only with: Maximum of 5 members Only structural members Properly trained employees Components shall be designed with a 5 to 1 safety factor

23 Multiple Lift Rigging Procedure (Christmas Treeing)
Total load shall not exceed the rated capacity of the hoisting or rigging equipment Rigging assembly shall be rigged with the members attached at their center of gravity and maintained reasonably level; rigged from the top down; rigged at least 7 ft apart

24 Multiple Lift Rigging Procedure (Christmas Treeing)

25 .754 Structural Steel Assembly

26 .754 Structural Steel Assembly
Structural stability maintained at all times

27 .754 Structural Steel Assembly
Permanent floors no more than 8 floors between the erection floor and the upper-most permanent floor No more than 4 floors or 48 ft. of unfinished bolting above the uppermost unfinished floor

28 .754 Structural Steel Assembly
A fully planked or decked floor or nets within 2 floors or 30 ft.

29 Walking/Working Surfaces
Shear connectors shall not be attached to the top flanges of beams, joists or beam attachments so that they project vertically from or horizontally across the top flange of the member until after the decking has been installed shall not be laid out and installed until after the decking has been installed, using the deck as a work platform

30 Walking/Working Surfaces
Perimeter Beam with Bent Plate Shear studs on bridge beams

31 Walking/Working Surfaces
Skeletal Steel Construction – Workers shall not be permitted to walk the top surface of any structural steel member which has been finish coated with paint or similar material, due to the potential for slip and fall hazards (unless the surface is no more slippery than the original steel finish – requires specific testing) (five year moratorium)

32 Walking/Working Surfaces
Decking – Do not use strapping for hoisting Loose items on top shall be secured Land bundles on supports to allow unbanding At the end of a shift (or when environmental conditions require), all decking must be secured

33 Walking/Working Surfaces
Roof and Floor openings Metal deck shall be installed as follows: Framed deck openings shall have structural members turned down to allow continuous deck installation Roof and floor openings shall be covered during the decking process

34 Walking/Working Surfaces
Covers for roof and floor openings must support, without failure, twice the maximum intended load. All covers must be secured All covers marked with high visibility paint and the word HOLE or COVER Skylights must meet the same load requirements HOLE

35 Walking/Working Surfaces
Holes and openings not cut until essential to the construction process, and immediately protected Space around columns protected

36 Walking/Working Surfaces
Floor decking laid tightly and secured Derrick floors fully decked (derrick floors defined as completed floors where erection is being performed, along with storage areas on those floors)

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