Presentation on theme: "Habitats and Adaptations"— Presentation transcript:
1Habitats and Adaptations How do adaptations help living things survive in different habitats?
2Life in the Desert Objectives Life in the DesertObjectivesExplain that a desert habitat has a dry climate and dry, sandy soil.Explain that desert plants and animals have specific adaptations to help them survive.
3Desert VocabularySome desert animals can hide in plain sight. Their body coverings blend in with the environment. Blending in is an adaption called camouflage. It helps animals stay safe.Rattlesnakes and coyotes, among others, are nocturnal. This means they sleep during the day. They come out at night when it is cooler.A desert is a habitat that has a dry climate. Less than 10 inches of rain falls in the desert each year.
4Temperature and SoilTemperature in the desert is very different between day and night.During the day, the Sun’s heat warms the land and air. The desert is much cooler at night than in the day.The soil in a desert is mostly sand. There is little humus to soak up rainwater.
5What adaptations help desert plants? What adaptations help desert plants?Some plants can grow in deserts. Other plants cannot. Plants that grow in deserts have adaptations that help them survive with little water.Special Roots: help take in waterSpecial Leaves and Stems: help store waterSpines and Thorns: protect them from thirsty animals
6What adaptations help desert animals? Sleeping the Day AwayRattlesnakes and coyotes are nocturnal. They come out at night when it is cooler.Keeping CoolLarge ears and thin bodies help animals such as the desert jackrabbit stay cool.Blending InSome desert animals can hide in plain sight. Their body coverings blend in with the environment. Camouflage helps animals stay safe.
7Desert Lesson ReviewMain Idea: What adaptations help desert plants and animals survive?Vocabulary: What is a desert like? Describe it.Critical Thinking: Buffalo have thick, dark coats. They eat mainly grasses. Could a buffalo survive in a desert? Explain your answer.Test Prep: Deserts are habitats with…Cold climate and frozen soilWet climate and marshy soilDry climate and sandy soilHot climate with lots of rainfall
8Life in the Grasslands Objectives Life in the GrasslandsObjectivesExplain characteristics of temperate and tropical grassland habitats.Identify structures that enable plants and animals to help them survive in grasslands.
9Grassland VocabularyBurrows- holes some animals dig in the ground to hide.Grassland- habitat covered by grasses.Herds- groups of animals that stay together for safety.Prairies- grasslands of North America.Savanna- grasslands of the Serengeti Plain.Temperate- environment with a mild climate that has four seasons.Tropical- environment that has a warm climate year-round because it is near the equator.
10What is a grassland?Grass is everything to a grassland. Grass is food for animals. Grass is both a hiding place and a shelter from the wind and cold. Grass holds down soil that would otherwise blow away in the wind.A fox uses the grass to hide.Grasshoppers have back legs built for jumping.
11Two Types of Grasslands Temperate GrasslandMeans the environment has a mild climate and four seasons.Have soil that is rich in humus.Tropical GrasslandMeans the environment is near the equator and is warm all year round.Have a rainy season and a dry season.Have more trees and poorer soil.
12What adaptations help grassland plants survive? Deep roots that work like a sponge.Deep roots can survive fires.Only grow leaves during wet season.Fire resistant bark.Thick trunk to store water.Fire may burn the grass above the soil, but deep roots are not harmed. This means grass can grow back quickly after a fire.Baobab trees have bark that resists fire.
13What adaptations help animals survive in grasslands? Many kinds of animals live in grasslands. All of them have adaptations that help them survive.Flat TeethAnimals have adapted for eating grass.BurrowsSmall animals can hide easily.SpeedAnimals running fast to catch prey.Zebras bite grass easily with their flat teeth.Prairie dogs can escape danger quickly by hiding in burrows.Cheetahs have flexible spines that help them run fast.
14Grasslands Lesson Review Main Idea: What are grasslands?Vocabulary: What word describes grasslands that are warm year-round?Compare & Contrast: How are grasslands and deserts alike? How are they different?Test Prep: Where are Tropical grasslands found?A. near the North PoleB. near the equatorC. in North AmericaD. in Antarctica
15Life in the Forest Objectives Describe different types of forest environments.Identify adaptations of forest organisms.
16Forest VocabularyButtresses- these support a tall tree with shallow roots.Camouflage- this allows an animal to blend in with its environment.Coniferous- this type of tree has tough needles that help it to conserve water during winter.Deciduous- this type of tree loses its leaves in fall so it can conserve energy in water.Drip tips- these help leaves lose extra rainwater.Forest- this habitat has many trees.Hibernate- this is what squirrels do when they sleep all winter to store energy.Mimicry- this is when a mantis is able to look like an orchid flower.
17What is a forest? A forest is a habitat that has many trees Tropical Rain ForestFound near the equatorHave more kinds of living things than any other land habitathot and wetAbout 200 to 460 centimeters of rain falls here in a single yearTemperature stays between 68 degrees and 93 degrees all yearSoil is not very rich in plant nutrients
18What is a forest? A forest is a habitat that has many trees Temperate ForestHas four seasons (winter, spring, summer, and fall)Temperatures and rainfall change from season to seasonWinters are cold and drySummers are warm and wetAbout 76 to 127 centimeters of rain fall each yearSoil is rich with humus
19The Rain Forest The forest’s tallest trees reach the emergent layer. Tree branches and leaves form the canopy.Smaller trees and plants grow in the understory. This layer does not get much light.The forest floor is dark and damp.
20Forest Adaptations- Plants Tropical RainforestTrees grow very tall and have shallow rootsLeaves have drip tips to lose extra waterPlants of forest floor have large leaves to soak up the very little sunlight that gets to them
21Forest Adaptations- Plants Temperate ForestDeciduous trees- lose leaves in fallConiferous trees-make cones instead of flowersTemperate Coniferous Trees
22Forest Adaptations- Animals Tropical RainforestColors warn that a plant or animal could be poisonousMimicry is when one living thing imitates another living thing in color or shapeThe poison arrow frog’s bright colors warn predators to stay awayMimicry helps this orchid mantis stay safeAn iguana’s long tail helps it balance in the high branches of the tropical rain forest
23Forest Adaptations- Animals Temperate Forest: these animals have adaptations that help them survive the changing seasons and to keep them safe.Eat extra food in fall to store energy for winterGrow thicker coats in winterHibernate- go into a deep sleep that lasts through winterDormice hibernate during winterA porcupine’s sharp quills help it stay safeSkunks spray a smelly chemical to keep predators away
24Forest Lesson ReviewMain Idea: How are tropical rain forests different from temperate forests? In what ways are these two types of forests similar?Vocabulary: What is mimicry?Main Idea and Details: What adaptations help plants and animals survive cold winters in a temperature forest?Test Prep: All of the following are layers of the rain forest EXECPT…a. emergentb. submergentc. canopyd. understory